Elephant locations in China

34 locations has kept elephants in China

There is presently 346 (33,55) living elephants in locations in China (in this database)

Region: China is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

China has about 186 (min. 178, max. 193) wild elephants. Source:Zhang (2011)

Location holdings:

34 location has kept 363 elephants in China

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in locations346 (33,55) living17 (8,7) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  33 / 346 
 10%
 Female  55 / 346 
 16%
 Free contact  105 / 346 
 30%
 Protected contact  0 / 346  0%
 No contact  0 / 346  0%
 Unknown contact  43 / 346 
 12%
 wild  198 / 346 
 57%

2008: 200-250 (Sukumar 2008)
1996: 330-370 (Santiapillai, IUCN 1996)

Small but viable herds live in southern Yunnan province. Numbers are rising, thanks to reproduction and immigration of Laos herds.

China is also a large illegal manufacturer and trader of ivory, mostly from African elephants, although some Ivory is also imported leagally.

In July 2008, the Commission on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) allowed a once-off sale of 108 tons of ivory stockpile from South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and Zambia to China.

Poaching


in 1995, four people were executed for poaching elephants for their tusks. Since then, no poaching cases have been reported. (source)

Captive population


All captive elephants are registered under the State Forestry Administration, which is the key governmental agency responsible for wildlife conservation and management. Elephants in zoos are under the management of the Ministry
of Housing and Urban-Rural Development.

Sources, among others

Internal relevant links

NameElephant collectionTypePlaceRegion
Beijing Zoo
Kept totally 9 elephants
, 6 present (2,4)0 births2 relocated1 deathszooBeijing
Bifengxia Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooYa'an, Sichuan
Canton Zoological Gardens
Kept totally 6 elephants
, 6 present (2,4)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooGuangzhou, Kwangtung
Changsha Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathszooChangsha, Hunan
Chimelong Safari Park
Kept totally 25 elephants
, 25 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooPanyu DistrictGuangzhou
China unspecified location
Kept totally 29 elephants
, 29 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszoo
Chongqing Zoo (Chongqing Dongwuyuan)
Kept totally 7 elephants
, 5 present (3,2)5 births1 relocated1 deathszooChongqing
Dalian Forest Zoo
Kept totally 7 elephants
, 7 present (1,6)2 births0 relocated0 deathszooDalianLiaoning province
Emperor Wu of Han
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivate
Guangzhou Xiangjiang Safari Park
Kept totally 3 elephants
, 3 present (0,3)2 births0 relocated0 deathszooGuangdong Province
Hainan provincial center on wild animals and plants protection
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathssanctuaryHainan
Hangzhou Zoo
Kept totally 10 elephants
, 9 present (1,2)1 births1 relocated0 deathszoo HangzhouZhejiang province
Jinan Zoo (Jinan Dongwuyuan, Gold Cow Park)
Kept totally 5 elephants
, 4 present (2,2)1 births1 relocated0 deathszooJinan, Shandong
Kangle garden resort
Kept totally 3 elephants
, 3 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
Kunming Zoo
Kept totally 6 elephants
, 3 present (1,2)0 births3 relocated0 deathszooKunmingYunnan
Liuzhou Zoo
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszooLiuzhouGuangxi
Menglang Protected Area
Kept totally 25 elephants
, 25 present (0,0)25 births0 relocated0 deathswildXishuangbannaYunnan
Mengyang forest area
Kept totally 91 elephants
, 63 present (10,0)106 births28 relocated0 deathswildXishuangbannaYunnan
Nanguanhe Nature Reserve
Kept totally 18 elephants
, 18 present (0,18)18 births0 relocated0 deathswildLincangYunnan
Nanning Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathszooNanning
Puer prefecture
Kept totally 32 elephants
, 32 present (2,2)4 births0 relocated0 deathswildPuer cityYunnan
Shanghai Zoo
Kept totally 12 elephants
, 6 present (2,4)5 births4 relocated2 deathszooShanghai 200335
Shangyong Nature Reserve
Kept totally 67 elephants
, 60 present (0,0)67 births0 relocated7 deathswildXishuangbannaYunnan
Shendiao Mountain Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 2 present (0,1)1 births0 relocated0 deathszooWeihaiShandong Province
Taiyuan Zoo
Kept totally 4 elephants
, 3 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated1 deathszooTaiyuanShanxi
Wenzhou Zoo
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszooWenzhouZhejiang Province
Wuhan Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooWuhan, Hubei
Wuqiao Circus
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscircus
Xian Qinling Zoological Park
Kept totally 4 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)2 births1 relocated2 deathszooXian
Xinjiang Tianshan Mountain Safari Park
Kept totally 3 elephants
, 3 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooUrumqiXinjiang
Xishuangbanna Asian elephant breeding center
Kept totally 3 elephants
, 2 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathscampXishuangbanna
Xishuangbanna Wild Elephant Valley elephant camp
Kept totally 23 elephants
, 23 present (0,0)3 births0 relocated0 deathscampYunnan
Yunnan Nationalities Village
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKunmingYunnan
Yunnan Wild Animal Park
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooKunmingYunnan

Elephants born in China without specified birth location

1 elephants with records of China as birth or capture country.

NameSpeciesSexOriginBirthAgeCapturePresent locationDeath date
+ Pa Mai (Pa Ke)EMMwild1991-04-1118Changsha Zoo2009-06-28
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