Elephant locations in Malaysia

30 locations has kept elephants in Malaysia

There is presently 375 (24,60) living elephants in locations in Malaysia (in this database)

Region: Malaysia is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Malaysia has about 3885 (min. 2423, max. 5347) wild elephants. Source:Malaysia (Peninsular): Saaban et al. (2011), Borneo: Alfred et al. (2011)

Location holdings:

30 location has kept 419 elephants in Malaysia

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in locations375 (24,60) living44 (11,15) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  24 / 375 
 6%
 Female  60 / 375 
 16%
 Free contact  71 / 375 
 19%
 Protected contact  0 / 375  0%
 No contact  0 / 375  0%
 Unknown contact  5 / 375 
 1%
 wild  299 / 375 
 80%

Wild population numbers are divided into: (1. Malaysia (Peninsular): 1450, 2. Borneo: 2435)

Hundreds have been removed to national parks since the 1970s, to stop raids on plantations as jungles were cleared. Translocation has ensured healthy elephant populations.

Malaysia also has a new (2003) subspecies of Asian elephant, officially named as Borneo pygmy elephant, (Elephas maximus borneensis), estimated to be less than 1,500, most of them living in Sabah.

2008: population was 1,250-1,466 Peninsula and 1,100-1,600 Borneo (Sukumar 2008)

captive elephants


Elephant ownership in Malaysia is regulated by the Act 716 (which replaced Act 76). Before Act 76 was implemented (in 1972), there was no proper registration of captive elephants.

In 1960, only two captive elephants were recorded in Malaya (Harrison 1960). This trend has reversed since the creation of EMU and the number of captive elephants increased to 20 in the mid-nineties (Daim 1995), and to as many as 62 in 2011.

Sources, among others

Internal relevant links

NameElephant collectionTypePlaceRegion
AFamosa Animal World Safari
Kept totally 9 elephants
, 9 present (1,8)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooMelaka
Borneo Company Ltd (BCL)
Kept totally 7 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated7 deathscampSarawak, Borneo
Borneo Elephant Wildlife Sanctuary
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathssanctuaryKinabatanganSandakan Division, Sabah, Borneo
Danga Bay Pet Zoo (Teluk Danga)
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooJohor Bahru, Johor
Gunung Rara Forest Reserve
Kept totally 14 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)15 births0 relocated14 deathswildSabah, Borneo
Ibrahim Yahya
Kept totally 4 elephants
, 4 present (1,3)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateKota BharuKelantan
Johor Bahru Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathszooJohor Bahru
Kemaman Recreational Park and Mini Zoo
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooChukaiTerengganu
Kenyir Elephant Village (KEV)
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampTerengganu
Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
Kept totally 8 elephants
, 8 present (1,7)8 births0 relocated0 deathswildKinabatangan
Kong Thai Sawmill
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampBorneo
Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
Kept totally 53 elephants
, 28 present (8,19)0 births19 relocated6 deathscampPahang
Kuala Krai Mini Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszooKuala Krai
Langkawi Elephant Adventures
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszooLangkawi
Lok Kawi Wildlife Park (Sabah Zoo)
Kept totally 20 elephants
, 13 present (5,8)3 births3 relocated4 deathszooPenampangSabah, Borneo
Malaysia unspecified location
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathscampKerala
Melaka Zoo (Malacca Zoo)
Kept totally 17 elephants
, 5 present (2,3)0 births11 relocated1 deathszooAyer Keroh
Muhammad Shah II of Terengganu
Kept totally 4 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated4 deathsprivateTerengganu
Negara National Zoo
Kept totally 5 elephants
, 3 present (1,2)1 births1 relocated1 deathszooNegara
Pekan Forest Reserve
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathswildPahang
Piah Forest Reserve
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathswildPerak
Royal London Circus
Kept totally 3 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathscircus
Saleng Zoo
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooJohor
Sepilok Rehabilitation Centre
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathssanctuarySandakan, Sabah
Sultan Muizz ud-Din of Sulu
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateSabah, Borneo
Sungai Ketiar elephant sanctuary
Kept totally 3 elephants
, 3 present (1,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKuala Terengganu
Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Malaysia
Kept totally 10 elephants
, 8 present (1,7)5 births0 relocated2 deathszooTaiping, Perak Darul Ridzuan
Taman Negara National Park
Kept totally 291 elephants
, 290 present (0,1)289 births1 relocated0 deathswildKuala Tahan
Ulu Terengganu Forest Reserve
Kept totally 4 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births4 relocated0 deathswildTerengganu
Zainal Abidin III of Terengganu
Kept totally 5 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births4 relocated1 deathsprivateTerengganu

Elephants born in Malaysia without specified birth location

70 elephants with records of Malaysia as birth or capture country.

NameSpeciesSexOriginBirthAgeCapturePresent locationDeath date
LasahEMM?Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
unknownEMwild?Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
+ SethyEMFwild20082Lok Kawi Wildlife Park (Sabah Zoo)2010-06-19
HuminodunEMFwild?2010Lok Kawi Wildlife Park (Sabah Zoo)
unknownEMMwild199721Sungai Ketiar elephant sanctuary
TessEMFwild198137Houston Zoo
SanomEMFwild200315Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
Sabu (Sabu-hit)EMMwild198830Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
ChalilEMFwild200117Sungai Ketiar elephant sanctuary
SuriaEMFwild200117?Sungai Ketiar elephant sanctuary
SiputEMFunknown200513Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
+ Prince (Putra, Gua)EMMwild200014Tashkent Zoo2014-10-00
Princess (Putri, Sejuk)EMFwild200117Tashkent Zoo
+ Azizah (Lay,Layang Layang)EMFwild1984-04-0034Whipsnade Wild Animal Park2018-02-00
RosieEMFwild198137Have Trunk Will Travel (Gary and Kari Johnson)
ChendraEMFwild199325Portland Zoo (Metro Washington Park Zoo)
ManariEMFunknown199028Hannover Zoo
SayangEMFunknown199523Hannover Zoo
+ PalongEMMwild198617Rotterdam Zoo (Diergaarde Blijdorp)2003-04-17
BeckyEMFwild198533Have Trunk Will Travel (Gary and Kari Johnson)
AbotEMFwild199721Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
BillyEMMwild198533Los Angeles Zoo
Putra MasEMMwild198929Perth Zoo
PermaiEMFwild198929Perth Zoo
+ Chepam (Teduh)EMFwild199017Perth Zoo2007-05-00
SetiaEMMwild1989-00-00291991Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Malaysia
JayaEMFwild1991-00-00271991Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Malaysia
JalongEMFwild1988301991Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Malaysia
BeraEMFwild1984-05-0134Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Malaysia
Triang (Teriang)EMM198038Negara National Zoo
+ WinkyEMFwild?Wildlife Safari1982-06-10
Mek KapahEMFwild197345Royal Melbourne Zoological Park
+ Bong SuEMMwild1974-08-0343Royal Melbourne Zoological Park2017-10-09
SavannaEMFwild197345Pistoia Zoo (Giardino Zoologico di Pistoia)1973
+ JumbarooEMMunknown1907-19071907Unknown
+ Chantek KuatEMMwild0Zainal Abidin III of Terengganu
+ unknownEMMwild0Muhammad Shah II of Terengganu
+ unknownEMMwild0Muhammad Shah II of Terengganu
+ unknownEMMwild0Muhammad Shah II of Terengganu
GadingEMMwild?Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
+ unknownEMMwild0Charles Mayer
+ unknownEMMwild0Muhammad Shah II of Terengganu
Aidi (Aidil)EMMwild1992?26Royal London Circus
+ unknownEMMwild0Charles Mayer
SundaEMFwild197543Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
noname (wild)EMFwild?Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
unknownEMFwild?Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
+ GellyEMFwild19945Royal London Circus1999-12-20
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
noname (wild)EMFwild?Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
+ AidaEMFwild19945Royal London Circus1999-12-20
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
noname (wild)EMFwild?Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
PuteriEMFwild?Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
noname (wild)EMFwild?Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
unknownEMFwild?Guangzhou Xiangjiang Safari Park
+ unknownEMFwild0Charles Mayer
+ unknownEMwild0Charles Mayer
+ unknownEMwild0Charles Mayer
+ unknownEMwild0Unknown
+ unknownEMwild0Charles Mayer
+ unknownEMwild0Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV
+ unknownEMwild0Unknown
+ unknownEMwild0Unknown
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