Cro-Magnon Man (Anatomically Modern or Early Modern Humans)
Homo sapiens sapiens
They were tall like modern humans, their skull had no brow ridges, was thin, rounded, with a high forehead, with a projecting chin. Average brain size:about 1,350 milliliters (same as today).
As their oral anatomy were identical to modern humans, they could probably speak. They were our ancestor.
(Painting by Zdenek Burian)
Cro Magnons are associated with the Aurignacian culture, (occurred between 38,000 and 22,000 years ago) and hunted mainly with spears,
(bow and arrows were later developed). Cro Magnon made tools from blades of Flint stone, used for preparing animal skins.
Significant innovations was pierced shells, tooth and bone pendants used for body ornamentation. Their art extended to
Venus figures, ritual statuettes of bone, and they made outline cave wall drawings of wolly rhinos,
mammoths, cave lions and cave bears.
Cro-Magnonís used colors like red, black and brown from different types of berries and other materials, like fire coal. Both Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon feasted on a wide variety of ungulate species including reindeer, roe deer and horse. But although the Cro Magnon belonged to a hunting culture, were semi-nomadic following the movements of the animals during the seasons, and sometimes made huts and dwellings constructed of mammoth bones and lined with limestone slabs, tooth analysis indicates that they were not as extreme carnivorous as Neanderthals, they probably ate a wide range products, including collected plants.
Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) people hunted mammoths, as is evidenced by remains of the animals found together with tools, and may have contributed to the extinction of mammoths and other species.
Cro Magnon and Mammoths
Cave paintings of mammoth made by Cro Magnons.
Mann A. & Minugh N., "Cro-Magnon man", Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia, 1995
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