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Sudan at Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus

Female ♀ African Bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) Sudan at Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus

© Buckles Woodcock
† Sudan
ID Number:   SSP Number: 311 - 
Species: African Bush elephant (Loxodonta africana)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 11 years old
Dead date: 1947-12-25
Death reason: killed:
Location:Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
ArrivedRingling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus 1936-00-00
from Al G Barnes-Sells Floto Circus
Al G Barnes-Sells Floto Circus 1936-00-00
from Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus 1936-00-00
from Howard Y. Bary
Howard Y. Bary 1936-00-00
from Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center
Born:1936 wild
Capture: 1936,
Document updated2009-01-01: Previous locations, Text, Source, Image, Birth RE
2011-04-26: SSP, Death RE
2012-04-17: on loan 1939?
Records about Sudan from William "Buckles" Woodcocks Blog at

A young african elephant was on loan to Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. exhibit at the 1939 New York World’s Fair.

Richard Reynolds bet she was RBBB’s Sudan: There were only two on circuses, both with RBBB. Very few zoos had them at the time - -per my hurried count, Bronx had (1), Philadelphia (1), National zoo (1), Cincinnati (1), and Brookfield (4). I cannot imagine one of these zoos loaning an African to Firestone at the World’s Fair. Besides some of the zoo Africans were old and hardly tractable.
Richard Reynolds

Records about Sudan from Bob Cline
SUDAN 1936 - brought to US ( African Bush elephant )
African Female 1936 to 1938 - RBBB
1938 - Al G. Barnes / Sells-Floto Circus after RBBB closed in June
1939 to 1947 - RBBB
Died - Dec. 25, 1947 in quarters

"These so-called pygmy elephants were obtained by Howard Bary around the end of 1935 or early in 1936.
He got them for RBBB from the elephant training station at Gangala na bodio in the eastern Belgian Congo (now Dem. Republic of Congo). This litho shows the number of elephants (5) that he took out of the Congo. It was an arduous journey involving an overland trek from Gangala to Juba, Sudan on the Nile, then down the Nile to Alexandria and thence by ocean vessel from there. Two of the elephants died en route.
Three arrived in New York for the opening in the Garden in 1936. They were a male “Congo”, female “Pouquois (Puqua)” and another female “Sudan.” The first two were genuine forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) with the straight down tusks, typical of that species (It is now classified as a separate species instead of a jungle version of the big bush elephants).
The third one, Sudan, was a bush elephant and later photos of her show the physical features of that species as contrasted to the forest elephants. She lived the longest dying in Sarasota at the end of 1947 (There are some rumors that she was killed). Congo had died in Sarasota in early 1937 and Puqua died in Atlanta in November 1941 in the infamous elephant poisoning incident."

Richard Reynolds

"Fred Logan said that when the show came in Shipley was dismissed and Hugo took over. On Christmas Day he said he was standing by the water tank when he heard a loud "thud", "Sudan" had dropped dead while standing on the picket line." //Buckles Woodcock

Sources, among others

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