founded by Aristide Togni (1853-1924), a university student who, in the 1870s, ran away and joined the Circo Torinese, a circus company headed by Giovanni De Bianchi. Togni married Giovanni's daughter, Teresa De Bianchi. Together, they created a circus company of their own. The King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, awarded Circo Togni the title of Circo Nazionale in 1919.
Aristide Togni and Teresa De Bianchi had three sons; Ercole (1894-1958), Ugo (1897-1981), and Ferdinando (1900-1990). Although it survived and performed safely during WWII, the Circo Nazional Togni was devastated by a fire in 1951. Ercole, Ugo, and Ferdinando decided that it was time to split their ever-growing family within three separate circuses.
Ercole's children were Darix, Wioris, Wanet, Leda, and Doly. Their new circus took the name of Circus Darix Togni.
Ugo Togni had four daughters, Angly, Wally, Missi, and Lidia (Circus Lidia Togni), and two sons, Cesare (Cesare created his Circo Cesare Togni) and Oscar (Oscar Togni opened a small Circo Oscar Togni in the 1990s, which had only a brief existence).
After WWII, Ferdinando Togni created one of the Europe's most remarkable circus, Circo Ferdinando Togni.
Raffaele De Ritis, Italy