1811: The Circus was founded by Moritz Blumenfeld (1783-1867). Maurice Levi Cerf , (also Moritz Hirsch Levy) was from a French-Alsatian family and owned a menagerie featuring birds and apes. According to a Blumenfeld researcher Maurice Levi Cerf/Moritz Hirsch Levy married Jetta Jonas. Her father was Abraham Jonas (abt 1762 – abt 1786) and mother was Esther Abraham (1766-?). After Abraham died, Esther married again to Isaac Lazarus Blumenfeld (1762-1843). Thus, the name Blumenfeld came from Esther’s step-father.
Maurice/Moritz Blumenfeld and his wife had nine children: Moritz, Meyer, Emanuel, Sophia, Nathan, Leopold, Herman, Mina, David, and Simon.
1834: Moritz Blumenfeld handed over the business to his son Emanuel. After the death of Emanuels first wife (Jetta Hartog), he married Jeannette Stein, who brought her parents’ circus into the marriage, and the Circus Blumenfeld became one of the largest operations of its time.
1874: the Circus Blumenfeld bought permanent headquarters in Guhrau, Germany (now Góra in Poland)
1885: Emanuel Blumenfeld died.
1897: the Circus started using railway. The circus had six tents, 130 horses, and its own string orchestra, and averaged about 4,000 visitors.
Emanuel had sixteen children. The management of the circus passed first to Emanuel’s sons Adolf, Hermann, and Simon, and then to Simon’s sons.
Simon Blumenfeld and Rosa Strassburger had 11 children, among them: Alex (whos name was Emanuel Blumenfeld, born 6. Juli 1885 in Keukehem), Alfred ( born 1st of March 1891 in Marienburg) and Alfons (born 31st of May 1887 in Mannheim and married to Olympia Könyet, their daughter Ruth was married to Ludwig Berousek), all working in Circus.
1913: Alex Blumenfeld had 5 asian elephants in the ring, while he was playing violin, riding on one of them (Bubu).
1916: Blumenfeld sold back 2 elephants to Hagenbecks.
1920:s, Circus Blumenfeld moved their permanent headquarters to Magdeburg, Germany, with 45 horses, two elephants, four camels, three llamas, and two bulls.
Wandercircus Gebr. Blumenfeld jr. Magdeburg, 1924
Die Sipo als Wegweiser zum Circus Blumenfeld, 1926
1928: The circus went bankrupt. The last elephant Rosa was sold to circus Knie
1937: Simon’s son Eugene died.
During WWII the entire family were killed in the german Holocaust. Only the son Arthur survived, hiding in Berlin. After the end of World War II, Arthur tried to restart the Circus Blumenfeld with his wife Victoria.
1945: the circus performed for Allied troops and orphans.
1949: Artur sold the circus to Circus Busch
1951: Artur committed suicide.
1960:s Emanuel Blumenfeld’s great-grandson Jack married Christine Busch and assumed the management of Circus Busch (now owner of the former Circus Blumenfeld).