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Elephant locations in Cambodia

53 locations has kept elephants in Cambodia
There is presently 69 (15,52) living elephants in locations in Cambodia (in this database)

Elephant locations in <span style=Cambodia' src='images/Cambodia-Elephant-Records-1.jpg' width="800" height="566" >

Region: Cambodia is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Cambodia has about 425 (min. 250, max. 600) wild elephants. Source:Maltby & Bourchier (2011)

Location holdings:

53 locations has kept 130 elephants in Cambodia

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in locations69 (15,52) living61 (15,29) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
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 Male  15 
 2% 
 69 
 11% 
 Female  52 
 8% 
 69 
 11% 
 Free contact  57 
 9% 
 69 
 11% 
 Protected contact  0 
 0% 
 69 
 11% 
 No contact  1 
 0% 
 69 
 11% 
 Unknown contact  4 
 1% 
 69 
 11% 
 wild  0 
 0% 
 69 
 11% 

Map above: Elephant distribution (yellow) in Cambodia. Source: Fauna and Flora International, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

Wild population


2011: The present numbers of wild elephants has been correlated to DNA studies of feaces, a project supported by Fauna and Flora International, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.

2006: surveys that collected DNA from elephant dung in Seima Protection Forest revealed a population of approximately 116 animals within the protected area — but not a single elephant was seen during the study.

1999: 500-1000 (Osborn and Vinton, 1999)

1995: 2 000 (Kemf and Jackson, 1995)

2021: It is estimated that about 300 elephants live in the protected areas of Mondulkiri province, and some of these are trans-boundary, moving hence and forth between Mondulkiri and Yok Don, in Dak Lak, Vietnam. Theres elephants in two locations in Ratanakiri province, some 30 elephants in Ou Ya Dav National Park, and some more in Stoeng ta pok close to Ta Veng. Close to D’dar Poom Chop in Virachey National Park, a small group of elephants were reported by Gregory Edward McCann, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, in 2016, who seems to be a a trans-boundary herd, migrating hence and forth to Laos.



Captive population


Traditionally, the Bunong people of northern Cambodia capured, tamed and trained elephants, who was then keptas beats of burden, or sold to tribes like the Brau people.

During the Pol Pot regime, a lot of elephants were confiscated by the Khmer Roughe but some of the tame elephants reverted to a wild state. Very few wild elephants were captured during the period 1980 to 2000, according to local people in Mondulkiri.

2011: 121 captive elephants (Jack Highwood, 2011)

Mondulkiri and Ratanakiri


In l999, Mondulkiri provincial DFW officials recorded 93 elephants, but by 2000 the number had declined to 83 elephants. These ten elephants lost between 1999 and 2000 were in fact sent to Siem Reap. According to the last double check conducted by Mondulkiri DFW in June to July 2001, 91 domesticated elephants were recorded. Others were possibly sold to Thailand and Viet Nam between l999 and 2000. During this period, six calf elephants were captured, ranging in age from 6 months to five years old, according to provincial DFW sources.(FAO) At Catieng water fall, outside Banlung in Ratanakiri, 3 elephants remain.


Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in Cambodia. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2021) available online retrieved 2021-11-30 at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Cambodia.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others


Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in Cambodia (From the sister site Elephant News)


  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Airavata Elephant Foundation
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 3 present (2,1) 0 births0 relocated1 deathscampLabang I commune
    (map)
    Lumphat DistrictRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Angkor Villa Hotel
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateSiem Reap
    Angkor Wat
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathscampSiem Reap
    (map)
    Siem Reap Province
    Angkor Wat elephants
    Kept totally 29 elephants
    , 4 present (1,3) 1 births17 relocated8 deathscampSiem Reap
    (map)
    Siem Reap Province
    Battambong province unspecified
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Battambong province
    Boransotha elephant community
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2) 0 births0 relocated1 deathscampSen Moronom
    (map)
    Mondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Bou Sra village
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0) 0 births2 relocated2 deathsvillageSen Monorom
    (map)
    Pich Chenda districtMondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Cambodia unspecified location
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 5 births4 relocated0 deathswild
    (map)
    Choeung Tieng
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateSen Monorom
    (map)
    Mondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Chreum Chrun
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateKrang Tes
    (map)
    Pech Chreada districtMondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Elephant Sanctuary Cambodia
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2) 0 births0 relocated2 deathssanctuary
    (map)
    Siem Reap Province
    Elephant Valley Project Cambodia
    Kept totally 23 elephants
    , 10 present (1,9) 0 births9 relocated4 deathssanctuarySen MonoromMondulkiri province
    John S. McCain Jr.
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivatePhnom PenhKandal Province
    Kampong Speu Province unspecified location
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateKampong SpeuKampong Speu province
    Kampot Teuk Chhou zoo
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathszooKampot
    (map)
    Kampot province
    Katieng Waterfall (Phume Kateung) elephant village
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 1 births4 relocated0 deathsvillageLabang I commune
    (map)
    Lumphat DistrictRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Keo Seima Wildlife Sanctuary
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 5 births0 relocated4 deathswildSenmonorom Mondulkiri and Kratié provinces
    Kham Pohr
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 2 births1 relocated3 deathsprivateSeda. LumphatRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Khmer Rouge cadres labour camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathscampCardamom Mountains
    Koh Kong Province
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 1 births2 relocated0 deathswildKoh KongKoh Kong province
    Kratie forest
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 2 births2 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Kratie province
    Kratie province unspecified location
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateKratieKratie province
    Kulen Elephant Forest
    Kept totally 14 elephants
    , 13 present (2,11) 0 births0 relocated1 deathssanctuarySiem Reap
    (map)
    Siem Reap Province
    Lon Nol
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Lumphat unspecified location
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Lumphat DistrictRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Mekong Island Zoo
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births3 relocated0 deathszooPhnom PenhKandal Province
    Meul Hén
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateBanlungLumphat District
    Mob Sreng
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateSre Ampoum commune
    (map)
    Pech Chreada districtMondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Moe Chan
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated4 deathsprivateMondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Mondulkiri Project Elephant Sanctuary
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 4 present (0,4) 0 births0 relocated1 deathscampSen MoronomMondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Mondulkiri province unspecified location
    Kept totally 32 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 8 births25 relocated6 deathszoo
    (map)
    Mondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Mr Khan
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateKampotKampot province
    Pan Oach
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated3 deathsprivateSeda. LumphatLumphat DistrictRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Phnom Penh royal palace
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated1 deathsprivatePhnom Penh
    (map)
    Kandal Province
    Phnom Penh Safari World
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 5 present (2,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathszooPhnom Penh
    (map)
    Kandal Province
    Phnom Prich Wildlife Sanctuary
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 1 births1 relocated0 deathswildKratie
    (map)
    Mondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Phnom Tamao Zoo and Wildlife Rescue Center (PTWRC)
    Kept totally 10 elephants
    , 5 present (2,3) 0 births1 relocated4 deathszooPhnom Tamao
    (map)
    Takeo province
    Phum Thmay village
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsvillageBanlung
    (map)
    Ratanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Phume Kaplaeng elephant village
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 3 births2 relocated2 deathscampLabang I communeLumphat DistrictRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Poulong elephant village
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 5 present (0,5) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsvillageSen MoronomMondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Preah Monivong National Park (Phnom Bokor National Park)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathswildKampotKampot province
    Prey Long forest
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathswildKratie province
    Prom Song
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births2 relocated4 deathsprivateKampung Speau province
    Putang village elephant camp
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 4 present (1,3) 0 births1 relocated4 deathsvillagePutang
    (map)
    Mondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Ratanakiri Province unspecified
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 1 births2 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Ratanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Savat Oum
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsprivateSeda. Lumphat
    (map)
    Lumphat DistrictRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Se Phoeun
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateMon village Kampong Speu province
    Sen Moronom waterfall elephant camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births1 relocated0 deathscampSen MoronomMondulkiri provincenortheast Cambodia
    Sin Sorn
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births6 relocated0 deathsprivatePhnom Penh
    (map)
    Kandal Province
    Tol
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Lumphat DistrictRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Vey Tey
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateSeda. Lumphat
    (map)
    Lumphat DistrictRatanakiri Provincenortheast Cambodia
    Wat Phnom
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathstemplePhnom Penh
    (map)
    Kandal Province
    Wildaid Cambodia (Military camp)
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated1 deathscampPhnom PenhKandal Province