Elephant locations in China

39 locations has kept elephants in China

There is presently 236 (24,34) living elephants in locations in China (in this database)

Region: China is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

China has about 186 (min. 178, max. 193) wild elephants. Source:Zhang (2011)

Location holdings:

39 locations has kept 262 elephants in China

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in locations236 (24,34) living26 (11,11) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  24 / 236 
 10%
 Female  34 / 236 
 14%
 Free contact  100 / 236 
 42%
 Protected contact  0 / 236  0%
 No contact  0 / 236  0%
 Unknown contact  47 / 236 
 20%
 wild  89 / 236 
 38%

2008: 200-250 (Sukumar 2008)
1996: 330-370 (Santiapillai, IUCN 1996)

Small but viable herds live in southern Yunnan province. Numbers are rising, thanks to reproduction and immigration of Laos herds.

China is also a large illegal manufacturer and trader of ivory, mostly from African elephants, although some Ivory is also imported leagally.

In July 2008, the Commission on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES) allowed a once-off sale of 108 tons of ivory stockpile from South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, and Zambia to China.

Poaching


in 1995, four people were executed for poaching elephants for their tusks. Since then, no poaching cases have been reported. (source)

Captive population


All captive elephants are registered under the State Forestry Administration, which is the key governmental agency responsible for wildlife conservation and management. Elephants in zoos are under the management of the Ministry
of Housing and Urban-Rural Development.

Reference list

Koehl, D., Facts about elephants in China. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2020) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=China.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others

Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in China (From the sister site Elephant News)
  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Beijing Wildlife Park
    Kept totally 12 elephants
    , 12 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooBeijing
    (map)
    Daxing
    Beijing Zoo
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 6 present (2,4)0 births2 relocated1 deathszooBeijing
    (map)
    Bifengxia Zoo
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooYa'an, Sichuan
    Canton Zoological Gardens
    Kept totally 10 elephants
    , 8 present (3,5)2 births0 relocated2 deathszooGuangzhou, Kwangtung
    Changsha Zoo
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated3 deathszooChangsha, Hunan
    Chimelong Circus
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscircusGuangzhou
    (map)
    Panyu DistrictGuangdong Province
    Chimelong Safari Park
    Kept totally 25 elephants
    , 25 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooPanyu DistrictGuangzhou
    China unspecified location
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 5 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszoo
    Chongqing Zoo (Chongqing Dongwuyuan)
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 5 present (3,2)5 births1 relocated1 deathszooChongqing
    Dalian Forest Zoo
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 7 present (1,6)2 births0 relocated0 deathszooDalian
    (map)
    Liaoning province
    Emperor Wu of Han
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivate
    Guangzhou Xiangjiang Safari Park
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,3)2 births0 relocated0 deathszooGuangdong Province
    Hainan provincial center on wild animals and plants protection
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathssanctuaryHainan
    Hangzhou Zoo
    Kept totally 10 elephants
    , 9 present (1,2)1 births1 relocated0 deathszoo HangzhouZhejiang province
    Harbin Beifang North Forest Zoo
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszoo
    (map)
    Jinan Zoo (Jinan Dongwuyuan, Gold Cow Park)
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 4 present (2,2)1 births1 relocated0 deathszooJinan, Shandong
    Kangle garden resort
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Kunming Zoo
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2)0 births3 relocated0 deathszooKunmingYunnan
    Liuzhou Zoo
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszooLiuzhouGuangxi
    Menglang Protected Area
    Kept totally 25 elephants
    , 25 present (0,0)25 births0 relocated0 deathswildXishuangbannaYunnan province
    Mengyang forest area
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)19 births4 relocated0 deathswildXishuangbanna
    (map)
    Yunnan province
    Nanguanhe Nature Reserve
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathswildLincangYunnan province
    Nanning Zoo
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated1 deathszooNanning
    Ordos Safari Park
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooOrdosInner Mongolia
    Puer prefecture
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 5 present (0,1)1 births0 relocated0 deathswildPuer city
    (map)
    Yunnan province
    Shanghai Wild Animal Park
    Kept totally 13 elephants
    , 11 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated1 deathszooShanghai
    (map)
    Shanghai Zoo
    Kept totally 12 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)7 births4 relocated6 deathszooShanghai 200335
    (map)
    Shangyong Nature Reserve
    Kept totally 66 elephants
    , 59 present (0,0)66 births0 relocated7 deathswildXishuangbannaYunnan province
    Shendiao Mountain Zoo
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (2,1)1 births0 relocated0 deathszooWeihaiShandong Province
    Taiyuan Zoo
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2)0 births0 relocated1 deathszooTaiyuanShanxi
    Wenzhou Zoo
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszooWenzhouZhejiang Province
    Wuhan Zoo
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooWuhan, Hubei
    Wuqiao Circus
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscircus
    Xian Qinling Zoological Park
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)2 births1 relocated2 deathszooXian
    Xinjiang Tianshan Mountain Safari Park
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooUrumqiXinjiang
    Xishuangbanna Asian elephant breeding center
    Kept totally 26 elephants
    , 25 present (0,0)4 births1 relocated0 deathscampXishuangbannaYunnan
    Yunnan Nationalities Village
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKunmingYunnan
    Yunnan province unspecified forest
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathswild
    (map)
    Yunnan province
    Yunnan Wild Animal Park
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooKunmingYunnan


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