Elephants at camp locations in India


90 camp locations has kept elephants in India
There is presently 513 (178,182) living elephants in camp locations in India (in this database)

Region: India is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

India has about 27,312 (min. 26000, max. 28000) wild elephants. Source:Baskaran et al. (2011)

Location holdings:

90 camp locations has kept 638 elephants in India

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in camp locations513 (178,182) living125 (48,59) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  178 / 513 
 35%
 Female  182 / 513 
 35%
 Free contact  490 / 513 
 96%
 Protected contact  0 / 513  0%
 No contact  0 / 513  0%
 Unknown contact  13 / 513 
 3%
 wild  3 / 513 
 1%



1840: Elephants need for timber extraction were secured from various sources within India, including transfers .from the army Commissariat, as well as from the wild as was done by the Bengal government Khedda establishment which was created in Dacca in the early 1840. (Krishnamurthy 2002)

2000: A survey by Project Elephant in 2000 found a total of 3,400 captive elephants: 2,540 privately owned, 190 in temples, 480 with forest departments, almost 150 in zoos and circuses.

2001: India’s first elephant reserve was created in Jharkhand in 2001 under Project Elephant.
2005: India has around 21,300 elephants in 11 elephant ranges in India, according to the last census in 2005. The country also has 4,000 captive elephants, 800 of which are in Kerala. (Cheeran et al)
2007: 27, 700 elephants (census 2007-2008)

2009: A decision was made to relocate elephants from Zoos and circuses to forest elephants camps in more natural surrondings.

2011: According to the 2007 census, there are 27,669 to 27,715 elephants in its various reserves and habitats as against 25,604 in 1993.

2017: According to the country’s first ever synchronised Elephant Census conducted in 2017, there are 27,312 elephants across 23 states. According to the report, released by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change on August 12, Karnataka has the highest number of elephants (6,049), followed by Assam (5,719) and Kerala (3,054). In 2012, there were 1,559 elephants in Uttarakhand, and their population rose to 1,839 by 2017.
A maximum of 14,005 tuskers are in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra followed by 9,305-9,355 in northeastern regions with Assam having the highest number of 5,281 pachyderms. Eastern states, including Jharkhand, Orissa and Chhattisgarh have 2,633 elephants while in Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh their population is 1,726, the data said.

2019: A committee was formed to prepare a National Elephant Action Plan.

2020-10-05: The Union environment ministry has proposed an amendment to the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 to accord legal status to elephant reserves and corridors on the lines of tiger reserves. With the proposed amendment, the ministry proposes to have a similar legal framework for 30 elephant reserves across 15 states and statutory status for Project Elephant. India is home to about 30,000 elephants, or 60% of the global Asian elephant population.

Human elephant conflict (HEC)


Home to ca 60 percent of Asias elephants, India has the highest death rate from human-elephant conflict, with 200-250 people and 100 elephants killed annually. Habitat fragmentation, poaching of tusked males, and patchy forest law enforcement are problems, but numbers are rebounding.

2020: According to data shared with the Lok Sabha on September 23, close to 2,300 people were killed by elephants in the past five years until 2019, which was 10 times the number killed by tigers. Also, 400 elephants were killed by poachers or through poisoning by local residents. The Lok Sabha reply revealed that at least 433 people have been killed across West Bengal between April 2014 and September 2019. In Odisha, Jharkhand and Chhattishgarh, the death toll was 447, 391 and 329, respectively, during the period.

Captive elephants







2000: A survey by Project Elephant in 2000 found a total of 3,400 captive elephants: 2,540 privately owned, 190 in temples, 480 with forest departments, almost 150 in zoos and circuses. According to R. Sukumar, chairman of the Centre for Ecological Sciences at the premier Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore, 3,500 of the estimated 14,000 captive Asian elephants can be found in India.

Many of them in temples and camps where they were used as live tractors for timber logging. Today those elephants are often used as tourist riding elephants in previous teak forests that has been transfered to protected areas.

In 2009, a decision was made to relocate elephants from Zoos and circuses to forest elephants camps in more natural surrondings.


2009: According to Dr B K Gupta, evaluation and monitoring officer of CZA, India had 140 elephants in 26 zoos and 16 circuses as on March 31 2009. Of these, Mysore and Trivandrum had the largest number at 9 and 8 respectively.

2009: According to the report "Captive Elephants in Zoo", (Varma, S., Sujata, S.R., Sarma, K.K., Bhanage, N., Agarwal, M., and Bhavsar, S. (2008). Captive Elephants in Zoos: An Investigation into the Welfare and Management of Captive Elephants in Zoos of India. Elephants in Captivity CUPA/ANCFTechnical Report No 4. Compassion Unlimited Plus Action (CUPA) and Asian Nature Conservation Foundation (ANCF), Bangalore, India): Andhra Pradesh had 7 elephants in 1 zoo, Assam had 9 in 1 zoo, Gujarat had 4 elephants in 2 zoos (2,2,), Karnataka had 16 elephants in 2 zoos, Kerala 1, Maharashtra 7 in 3 zoos, and Tamil Nadu had 6 elephants in 1 zoo. Among these elephants there were 32 females and 17 males (Source online publication

2020-09-21: India plans to build a biometric database and issue an ID number for every elephant in captivity across the country after the death of a pregnant female prompted an outcry. Blood samples will be taken from close to 3,000 elephants. Each will be given a unique identity number based on their DNA, under the plan set out by the government-backed conservation group Project Elephant.

Karnataka


2020: As per the last all-India survey, there are 8,500 elephants in Karnataka.
2008: About 163 captive elephants under five different management regimes. (Captive Elephants of Karnataka, 2008)
2018: Karnataka’s elephant camps have about 95 elephants and about 42 elephants were housed in the State zoos. (B.P. Ravi, 2018)

Kerala


Kerala has a population of around 520 captive elephants (P.K. Kesavan , 2018). The Temple at Guruvayoor owns the largest herd of 65. Of the 702 captives in the state, only 118 are females, less than 17 per cent of the total captive population. And of the 118, more than 60 per cent have crossed the reproductive age. There is no record of a pregnancy as a result of a union between two captive elephants in the state. In the last four years two female elephants delivered, one in Kollam and another in Kottayam, but both had conceived in Assam.

2009: By 2009, about 700 elephants were in captivity across the state of Kerala: Private individuals owned 508 elephants, temples had 174, forest camps had 8 and a zoo was home to 2 elephants.

Tamil Nadu


In Tamil Nadu (formerly the Madras Presidency) the Forest-Department had been maintaining elephants for over 140 years. In the Anamallais, the elephant camp was located in Sungam (now in Kerala) till the state reorganization in 1956. Subsequently in 1956 the camp was shifted to Varagaliar in the Ulandy valley and continues there. The Theppakkadu Elephant Camp was established in 1927 in Mudumalai Range. In the Anamallais where large areas were cleared for planting with teak, elephant capturing operation was taken up in 1889 and until and up to 1972 more than 600 elephants were captured from wild to meet the demand for working elephants. In Mudumalai, elephant capturing was taken up in 1910 and continued till 1953. (Krishnamurthy 2002)

2002: at Mudhumalai 27 elephants (12 at Theppakadu camp, 15
at Abhayaranyam camp) 16 in AnamaIlais(9 at Varagaliar camp, 1 at Kozhikamuthi camp and 6 are deputed for "anti elephant depredation work" surrounding tea gardens at Valaparai and at Manomboli), 5 elephants in Arignar Anna Zoolologica) Park and one at the Childrens Comer, Guindy. Thus in total there are 49 animals on the roll overall under the management of Govt. of Tamil Nadu.


Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in India. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2020) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=India.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others


Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in India (From the sister site Elephant News)


  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Periya Thadagam elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscamp
    (map)
    Aane Mane Foundation base camp
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 7 present (2,5)5 births0 relocated0 deathscampMysore
    Abhayaranyam elephant camp (Mudumalai)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampUdhagamandalam
    (map)
    Tamil Nadu
    Amber Fort elephant village
    Kept totally 104 elephants
    , 98 present (0,2)0 births2 relocated4 deathscampJaipur
    (map)
    Rajastan
    Aryankavu elephant camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPunalur, Kollam district Kerala
    Bagori elephant camp (Kaziranga)
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampKaziranga National Park
    (map)
    Assam
    Balle Elephant Camp (Kabini)
    Kept totally 20 elephants
    , 12 present (7,5)4 births6 relocated2 deathscampNagarhole National Park
    (map)
    Karnataka
    Ban Santour Ch. Surinder Singh Elephant Rehabilitation Centre
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 4 present (0,4)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampTahri
    (map)
    Yamunanagar districtHaryana
    Bandhavgarh elephant camp (Bathan)
    Kept totally 20 elephants
    , 11 present (1,3)9 births2 relocated7 deathscampBandhavgarh National Park
    (map)
    Umaria districtMadhya PradeshCentral India
    Bandipur forest camp (BEC)
    Kept totally 22 elephants
    , 13 present (8,1)13 births9 relocated0 deathscampKarnataka
    Bheemeshwari elephant camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampMalavalli Taluk, Mandya DistrictKarnataka
    Bhopal operation Durga
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampBhopalMadhya Pradesh
    Bombax elephant camp (Mudumalai)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampUdhagamandalamTamil Nadu
    Bori logging camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births3 relocated0 deathscamp
    (map)
    Madhya Pradesh
    Camp King Elephant camp (Rajaji National Park)
    Kept totally 21 elephants
    , 17 present (3,10)0 births3 relocated1 deathscampDehradunUttarakhand
    Carmelagiri Elephant Park
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscamp
    (map)
    Kerala
    Chadivayal elephant camp (Sadivayal)
    Kept totally 10 elephants
    , 2 present (2,0)1 births8 relocated0 deathscampCoimbatore
    (map)
    Tamil Nadu
    Chandaka Elephant Sanctuary camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampBhubaneswar
    (map)
    Chilapata Jungle Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births0 relocated0 deathscampDooars, Jalpaiguri DistrictNorth Bengal
    Chilla elephant camp (Rajaji National Park)
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2)0 births3 relocated0 deathscampDehradunUttarakhand
    Chinnar elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampIdukki
    (map)
    Kerala
    CWRC in Manas National Park
    Kept totally 13 elephants
    , 8 present (4,2)0 births5 relocated0 deathscampGuwahariAssam
    Dhikala elephant camp (Corbett National park)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated2 deathscampCorbett National park
    Dhrangadhra Indian Ornithological Garden
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampDhrangadhra, Gujarat
    Dhupjhora elephant camp (Gorumara Central Pilkhana)
    Kept totally 19 elephants
    , 13 present (2,7)2 births4 relocated2 deathscampJalpaiguri
    (map)
    West Bengal
    Doddaharve Elephant camp
    Kept totally 8 elephants
    , 4 present (1,3)0 births4 relocated0 deathscampBylakuppeKarnataka
    Dubare elephant camp (Aanekaadu)
    Kept totally 38 elephants
    , 25 present (16,4)5 births7 relocated6 deathscampCoorg
    (map)
    Karnataka
    Dudhwa elephant base camp (Dudhwa National Park)
    Kept totally 24 elephants
    , 15 present (3,6)2 births4 relocated5 deathscampPaliaUttar Pradesh
    Eruttukanam Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampIdukki
    (map)
    Kerala
    Ghoghi elephant camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated1 deathscampSidhi
    (map)
    Sidhi districtMadhya Pradesh
    Hollong elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathscampDooars, Jalpaiguri DistrictNorth Bengal
    Holong Philkhana (Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary)
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 3 present (0,2)2 births1 relocated1 deathscampWest Bengal
    (map)
    Uttar Pradesh
    India Forest Department of Andaman (FDA)
    Kept totally 21 elephants
    , 21 present (5,14)5 births0 relocated0 deathscampPort BlairAndaman islands
    Jaldapara Wildlife Sanctuary (WLS camp)
    Kept totally 73 elephants
    , 44 present (18,24)28 births26 relocated3 deathscampSiliguri, Coochbehar Forest DivisionUttar Pradesh
    K Gudi Wilderness Camp (Kyathadevara Gudi)
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 3 present (1,1)0 births1 relocated2 deathscampChamarajanagar
    (map)
    CoimbatoreKarnatakaSouth India
    Kallalla elephant camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKodaguKarnataka
    Kanha unspecified elephant camp (Kanha National Park)
    Kept totally 8 elephants
    , 5 present (4,1)0 births3 relocated0 deathscampMandla
    (map)
    Madhya Pradesh
    Katarniya Ghat Wildlife Park
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampBahraich
    Kaziranga Center for Wildlife Rehabilitation and Conservation (CWRC)
    Kept totally 22 elephants
    , 4 present (2,2)0 births14 relocated4 deathscampPo-Gobindadham
    (map)
    Bankura, Assam
    Kaziranga unspecified elephant camp
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 3 present (2,1)1 births1 relocated1 deathscampKaziranga National Park
    Kipling Camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKanha National ParkMadhya Pradesh
    Kodanadu Elephant training centre
    Kept totally 16 elephants
    , 9 present (3,6)1 births4 relocated3 deathscampErnakulam DistrictKerala
    Konni Elephant Kraal Reserve
    Kept totally 19 elephants
    , 4 present (1,3)1 births8 relocated7 deathscampPathanamthitta
    (map)
    Pathanamthitta districtKerala
    Kunjanagar elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampFalakata, Jalpaiguri districtNorth Bengal
    Madanpur elephant camp (Valmiki National Park)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampWest Champaran district
    (map)
    Bihar
    Mailani depot camp
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 9 present (2,7)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampMailani, Lakhimpur Kheri District
    (map)
    Uttar Pradesh
    Makulakocha rehabilitation centre (Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampJamshedpur
    Mala forest elephant camp (Pilibhit Tiger Reserve)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPilibhit district
    (map)
    Uttar Pradesh
    Mangalamkunnu elephant camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSreekrishnapuram
    (map)
    Kerala
    Mathigodu elephant Camp
    Kept totally 30 elephants
    , 9 present (6,2)1 births16 relocated5 deathscampThithimathi
    (map)
    Kodagu districtKarnataka
    Medla elephant camp
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 6 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampJalpaiguri Wildlife Division-2North Bengal
    Moiradanga elephant camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampDooars, Jalpaiguri DistrictNorth Bengal
    Mudumalai Game Hut elephant camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampUdhagamandalam
    Murkal elephant camp (Nagarhole)
    Kept totally 27 elephants
    , 14 present (12,2)4 births12 relocated1 deathscampNagarhole National Park
    Muthanga elephant camp (East Wayanad)
    Kept totally 17 elephants
    , 9 present (8,0)1 births7 relocated1 deathscampSulthan Bathery
    (map)
    Wayanad districtKerala
    Naniyala elephant camp (Kuppam Chittoor district)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 2 present (2,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampKuppamChittoor district, Andhra Pradesh
    Nedunkayam elephant camp (Nilambur)
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births5 relocated0 deathscampNilambur
    (map)
    Kerala
    Octavius Steel and Co (Gyles Mackrell)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated4 deathscampShillongAssam
    Orang National Park elephant camp
    Kept totally 31 elephants
    , 24 present (8,16)19 births2 relocated5 deathscampTezpur
    (map)
    Assam
    Palamau elephant camp
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 3 present (0,1)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampRanchi
    Palamu elephant camp (Betla National Park)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampPalamauJharkhand
    Pansoli elephant camp (Dandeli forest)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births1 relocated1 deathscampDandeli Anashi Tiger reserve
    (map)
    Uttara Kannada, Karnataka
    Peepertola elephant camp (Panna National Park)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)1 births0 relocated1 deathscampPannaMadhya Pradesh
    Pobitora wildlife sanctuary elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampGuwahati
    Ramnagar Fort Varanasi (Benares)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampVaranasi
    (map)
    Uttar Pradesh
    Rampura camp
    Kept totally 13 elephants
    , 5 present (1,4)2 births7 relocated1 deathscampBandipur
    (map)
    Karnataka
    Sakrebyle elephant camp (Sacrebyle, Sakrebail)
    Kept totally 40 elephants
    , 19 present (4,10)9 births12 relocated9 deathscampShivamogga
    (map)
    Karnataka
    Salukapur camp (Dudhwa National Park)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampDudhwa National Park
    (map)
    Uttar Pradesh
    Satkosia Tiger Reserve elephant camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (2,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampHakimapada
    (map)
    Angul districtOdisha
    Satpura elephant camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampBhopalMadhya Pradesh
    Satpura elephant camp (Hoshangabad)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampHoshangabadMadhya Pradesh
    Shiltorsha elephant camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampDooars, Jalpaiguri DistrictNorth Bengal
    Sidhi elephant camp (Sanjay National Park)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathscamp
    (map)
    Madhya Pradesh
    Sijusa elephant camp (Nameri National Park)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSonitpur district
    (map)
    Assam
    Sildubi elephant camp (Kaziranga)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampKaziranga National Park
    (map)
    Assam
    Similpal Wildlife Sanctuary elephant camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathscampBaripada
    (map)
    Odisha
    Sironcha forest range divison
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births4 relocated0 deathscampGadchiroli District, Maharashtra
    Smiling Tusker Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampManas National ParkAssam
    Sungam elephant camp (Anaimalai)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscamp
    Sunkadakatte elephant camp
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)4 births8 relocated1 deathscampNagarhole National Park
    Suttur Mutt
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births3 relocated0 deathscampNanjangudu TalukKarnataka
    Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve
    Kept totally 11 elephants
    , 5 present (3,2)6 births2 relocated4 deathscampChandrapur, Maharashtra
    Tala gate elephant camp (Bandhavgarh National Park)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathscampBandhavgarh National Park
    (map)
    Umaria districtMadhya PradeshCentral India
    Thekkampatti elephant rejuvenation camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated2 deathscampMettupalayam
    (map)
    Coimbatore DistrictTamil NaduTamil Nadu
    Theppakadu Mudumalai Forest Camp (MFC)
    Kept totally 64 elephants
    , 27 present (20,5)14 births18 relocated19 deathscampUdhagamandalam
    (map)
    Tamil Nadu
    Tholpetty Elephant Camp (North Wayanad)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampMananthawady, Wayanad districtKerala
    Thungru Kohora elephant camp (Kaziranga)
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births2 relocated2 deathscampKaziranga National Park
    (map)
    Assam
    Top Slip Kozhikkamuthy Elephant camp (Annaimalai)
    Kept totally 47 elephants
    , 21 present (11,9)5 births19 relocated7 deathscampPollachi
    (map)
    Tamil Nadu
    Varagaliar elephant camp
    Kept totally 8 elephants
    , 5 present (3,2)0 births1 relocated2 deathscampPollachi
    (map)
    Tamil Nadu
    Yamuna Bridge elephant camp (New Delhi)
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births5 relocated0 deathscampNew Delhi
    (map)



    This document was updated: 2020-10-29 07:28:47


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