Elephant locations in Malaysia

32 locations has kept elephants in Malaysia

There is presently 296 (25,59) living elephants in locations in Malaysia (in this database)

Region: Malaysia is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Malaysia has about 3000wild elephants. Source:

Location holdings:

32 locations has kept 339 elephants in Malaysia

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in locations296 (25,59) living43 (12,16) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  25 / 296 
 8%
 Female  59 / 296 
 20%
 Free contact  72 / 296 
 24%
 Protected contact  0 / 296  0%
 No contact  0 / 296  0%
 Unknown contact  5 / 296 
 2%
 wild  219 / 296 
 74%


Wild population numbers are divided into: (1. Malaysia (Peninsular): 1450, 2. Borneo: 2435)

Hundreds have been removed to national parks since the 1970s, to stop raids on plantations as jungles were cleared. Translocation has ensured healthy elephant populations.

Malaysia also has a new (2003) subspecies of Asian elephant, officially named as Borneo pygmy elephant, (Elephas maximus borneensis), estimated to be less than 1,500, most of them living in Sabah.

2008: population was 1,250-1,466 Peninsula and 1,100-1,600 Borneo (Sukumar 2008)

2011: Malaysia has about 3885 (min. 2423, max. 5347) wild elephants. Source:Malaysia (Peninsular): Saaban et al. (2011), Borneo: Alfred et al. (2011). Malaysia put into place the Management & Ecology of Malaysian Elephants (MEME) project in 2011 to further study and collect data on the country’s wild elephant populations with the end goal of developing evidence-based approaches to HEC.

2020: It is estimated that there are less than 3000 individual elephants left in Peninsular Malaysia including the endangered Borneo Pygmy elephants found in Sabah.

Human-elephant conflict (HEC)


Data revealed that elephants in Peninsular Malaysia have lost 68% percent of their natural range to human encroachment in the last 40 years.

In the remaining 32% of space that they occupy, elephants are said to be living very close to human settlements, and often enough resulting in HEC in around 60% of these areas.

Captive elephants


Elephant ownership in Malaysia is regulated by the Act 716 (which replaced Act 76). Before Act 76 was implemented (in 1972), there was no proper registration of captive elephants.

In 1960, only two captive elephants were recorded in Malaya (Harrison 1960). This trend has reversed since the creation of EMU and the number of captive elephants increased to 20 in the mid-nineties (Daim 1995), and to as many as 62 in 2011.

Reference list

Koehl, D., Facts about elephants in Malaysia. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2020) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Malaysia. (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others

NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
AFamosa Animal World Safari
Kept totally 9 elephants
, 9 present (1,8)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooMelakaAlor Gajah
Borneo Company Ltd (BCL)
Kept totally 7 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated7 deathscampKuching?Borneo
Borneo Elephant Sanctuary (BES)
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathssanctuaryKinabatanganSabahBorneo
Borneo unspecified location
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathswildBorneo
Danga Bay Pet Zoo (Teluk Danga)
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooJohor Bahru, Johor
Gunung Rara Forest Reserve
Kept totally 12 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)12 births0 relocated12 deathswildSabah, Borneo
Ibrahim Yahya
Kept totally 4 elephants
, 4 present (1,3)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateKota BharuKelantan
Johor Bahru Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathszooJohor Bahru
Kemaman Recreational Park and Mini Zoo
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooChukaiTerengganu
Kenyir Elephant Village (KEV)
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampTerengganu
Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
Kept totally 7 elephants
, 7 present (1,6)7 births0 relocated0 deathswildKinabatangan
Kong Thai Sawmill
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampBorneo
Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
Kept totally 53 elephants
, 28 present (8,19)0 births19 relocated6 deathscampPahang
Kuala Krai Mini Zoo
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszooKuala Krai
Lahad Datu District
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathswildLahad DatuSabah, Borneo
Langkawi Elephant Adventures
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathszooLangkawi
Lok Kawi Wildlife Park (Sabah Zoo)
Kept totally 20 elephants
, 13 present (5,8)3 births3 relocated4 deathszooPenampangSabah, Borneo
Malaysia unspecified location
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathscamp
Melaka Zoo (Malacca Zoo)
Kept totally 17 elephants
, 5 present (2,3)0 births11 relocated1 deathszooAyer Keroh
Muhammad Shah II of Terengganu
Kept totally 4 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated4 deathsprivateTerengganu
Negara National Zoo
Kept totally 5 elephants
, 3 present (1,2)1 births1 relocated1 deathszooNegara
Pekan Forest Reserve
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathswildPahang
Piah Forest Reserve
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathswildPerak
Royal London Circus
Kept totally 3 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathscircus
Saleng Zoo
Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooJohor
Sepilok Rehabilitation Centre
Kept totally 2 elephants
, 1 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathssanctuarySandakan, Sabah
Sultan Muizz ud-Din of Sulu
Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateSabah, Borneo
Sungai Ketiar elephant sanctuary
Kept totally 3 elephants
, 3 present (1,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKuala Terengganu
Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Malaysia
Kept totally 10 elephants
, 8 present (1,7)5 births0 relocated2 deathszooTaiping, Perak Darul Ridzuan
Taman Negara National Park
Kept totally 213 elephants
, 211 present (0,1)211 births2 relocated0 deathswildKuala Tahan
Ulu Terengganu Forest Reserve
Kept totally 4 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births4 relocated0 deathswildTerengganu
Zainal Abidin III of Terengganu
Kept totally 5 elephants
, 0 present (0,0)0 births4 relocated1 deathsprivateTerengganu
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