Elephant locations in Malaysia

33 locations has kept elephants in Malaysia

There is presently 103 (33,67) living elephants in locations in Malaysia in this database

Malaysia
Region: Malaysia is in this database included in asia
Wild elephants: Malaysia has about 3000wild elephants. Source:
Location holdings: 33 locations has kept 147 elephants in Malaysia

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)
Elephants in locations103 (33,67) living 44 (12,17) dead


Wild population numbers are divided into: (1. Malaysia (Peninsular): 1450, 2. Borneo: 2435)

Hundreds have been removed to national parks since the 1970s, to stop raids on plantations as jungles were cleared. Translocation has ensured healthy elephant populations.

Malaysia also has a new (2003) subspecies of Asian elephant, officially named as Borneo pygmy elephant, (Elephas maximus borneensis), estimated to be less than 1,500, most of them living in Sabah.

2008: population was 1,250-1,466 Peninsula and 1,100-1,600 Borneo (Sukumar 2008)

2011: Malaysia has about 3885 (min. 2423, max. 5347) wild elephants. Source:Malaysia (Peninsular): Saaban et al. (2011), Borneo: Alfred et al. (2011). Malaysia put into place the Management & Ecology of Malaysian Elephants (MEME) project in 2011 to further study and collect data on the country’s wild elephant populations with the end goal of developing evidence-based approaches to HEC.

2020: It is estimated that there are less than 3000 individual elephants left in Peninsular Malaysia including the endangered Borneo Pygmy elephants found in Sabah.

Human-elephant conflict (HEC)


Data revealed that elephants in Peninsular Malaysia have lost 68% percent of their natural range to human encroachment in the last 40 years.

In the remaining 32% of space that they occupy, elephants are said to be living very close to human settlements, and often enough resulting in HEC in around 60% of these areas.

Captive elephants


Elephant ownership in Malaysia is regulated by the Act 716 (which replaced Act 76). Before Act 76 was implemented (in 1972), there was no proper registration of captive elephants.

In 1960, only two captive elephants were recorded in Malaya (Harrison 1960). This trend has reversed since the creation of EMU and the number of captive elephants increased to 20 in the mid-nineties (Daim 1995), and to as many as 62 in 2011.

Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in Malaysia. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2021) available online retrieved 2021-12-08 at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Malaysia.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others


Internal relevant links



NameElephant collectionPlace
AFamosa Animal World Safari
(zoo) Kept totally 9 elephants
, 9 present (1,8) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsMelaka
(map) Alor Gajah
Borneo Company Ltd (BCL)
(camp) Kept totally 7 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated7 deathsKuching?
(map) Sarawak Borneo
Borneo Elephant Sanctuary (BES)
(sanctuary) Kept totally 3 elephants
, 1 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated2 deathsKinabatangan
(map)Sandakan Division Sabah Borneo
Borneo unspecified location
(wild) Kept totally 3 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 3 births3 relocated0 deaths
(map) Borneo
Danga Bay Pet Zoo (Teluk Danga)
(zoo) Kept totally 1 elephants
, 1 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsJohor Bahru, Johor
Gunung Rara Forest Reserve
(wild) Kept totally 12 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 12 births0 relocated12 deaths Sabah, Borneo
Ibrahim Yahya
(private) Kept totally 4 elephants
, 4 present (1,3) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsKota Bharu Kelantan
Johor Bahru Zoo
(zoo) Kept totally 2 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsJohor Bahru
Kemaman Recreational Park and Mini Zoo
(zoo) Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsChukai Terengganu
Kenyir Elephant Village (KEV)
(camp) Kept totally 13 elephants
, 13 present (6,7) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsKuala Berang
(map) Terengganu
Kinabatangan Wildlife Sanctuary
(wild) Kept totally 7 elephants
, 7 present (1,6) 7 births0 relocated0 deathsKinabatangan
Kong Thai Sawmill
(camp) Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsBorneo
Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
(camp) Kept totally 53 elephants
, 28 present (8,19) 0 births19 relocated6 deaths Pahang
Kuala Krai Mini Zoo
(zoo) Kept totally 2 elephants
, 1 present (1,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsKuala Krai
Lahad Datu District
(wild) Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 1 births1 relocated0 deathsLahad Datu Sabah, Borneo
Langkawi Elephant Adventures
(zoo) Kept totally 2 elephants
, 1 present (1,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsLangkawi
Lata Rek Forest Reserve
(wild) Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 1 births1 relocated0 deathsKuala Krai
(map)Kuala Krai District Kelantan
Lok Kawi Wildlife Park (Sabah Zoo)
(zoo) Kept totally 20 elephants
, 13 present (5,8) 3 births3 relocated4 deathsPenampang
(map) Sabah, Borneo
Malaysia unspecified location
(camp) Kept totally 16 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 36 births16 relocated0 deaths
(map)
Melaka Zoo (Malacca Zoo)
(zoo) Kept totally 17 elephants
, 5 present (2,3) 0 births11 relocated1 deathsAyer Keroh
Muhammad Shah II of Terengganu
(private) Kept totally 4 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated4 deathsTerengganu
Negara National Zoo
(zoo) Kept totally 5 elephants
, 3 present (1,2) 1 births1 relocated1 deathsNegara
Pekan Forest Reserve
(wild) Kept totally 2 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsPahang
Piah Forest Reserve
(wild) Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsPerak
Royal London Circus
(circus) Kept totally 3 elephants
, 1 present (1,0) 0 births0 relocated2 deaths
Saleng Zoo
(zoo) Kept totally 0 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deaths Johor
Sepilok Rehabilitation Centre
(sanctuary) Kept totally 2 elephants
, 1 present (1,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsSandakan, Sabah
Sultan Muizz ud-Din of Sulu
(private) Kept totally 1 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsSabah, Borneo
Sungai Ketiar elephant sanctuary
(camp) Kept totally 5 elephants
, 5 present (2,3) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsKuala Terengganu
(map) Terengganu
Taiping Zoo and Night Safari Malaysia
(zoo) Kept totally 10 elephants
, 8 present (1,7) 5 births0 relocated2 deathsTaiping
(map) Negeri Perak
Taman Negara National Park
(wild) Kept totally 4 elephants
, 2 present (1,1) 4 births2 relocated0 deathsKuala Tahan
Ulu Terengganu Forest Reserve
(wild) Kept totally 4 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births4 relocated0 deathsTerengganu
Zainal Abidin III of Terengganu
(private) Kept totally 5 elephants
, 0 present (0,0) 0 births4 relocated1 deathsTerengganu



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