Earlier figures: 3,000-4,000 (Sukumar), earlier 4 000-6 000 (Santiapillai, IUCN 1996)
Most large herds live in forested hills by the borders with Bangladesh, India, China, and Thailand. Wild capture was banned in 1994, but captives are still taken to join 4,500 working elephants in logging camps.
Myanmar has some 5000 wild elephants, and has around 2,800 registered working elephants in the timber industry, belonging to a single government logging agency, the Myanma Timber Enterprise (MTE), and perhaps another 4,000 privately owned domesticated animals.(IUCN’s Species Survival Commission’s Asian Elephant Specialist Group)