Elephant locations in Myanmar

29 locations has kept elephants in Myanmar
There is presently 2817 (6,19) living elephants in locations in Myanmar (in this database)

Region: Myanmar is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Myanmar has about 1619 (min. 1181, max. 2056) wild elephants. Source:Leimgruber et al. (2011)

Location holdings:

29 locations has kept 4836 elephants in Myanmar

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in locations2817 (6,19) living2019 (3,11) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
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 Male  6 
 0% 
 2817 
 12% 
 Female  19 
 0% 
 2817 
 12% 
 Free contact  2816 
 12% 
 2817 
 12% 
 Protected contact  0 
 0% 
 2817 
 12% 
 No contact  0 
 0% 
 2817 
 12% 
 Unknown contact  1 
 0% 
 2817 
 12% 
 wild  0 
 0% 
 2817 
 12% 


Earlier figures: 3,000-4,000 (Sukumar), earlier 4 000-6 000 (Santiapillai, IUCN 1996)

Most large herds live in forested hills by the borders with Bangladesh, India, China, and Thailand. Wild capture was banned in 1994, but captives are still taken to join 4,500 working elephants in logging camps.

Myanmar has some 5000 wild elephants, and has around 2,800 registered working elephants in the timber industry, belonging to a single government logging agency, the Myanma Timber Enterprise (MTE), and perhaps another 4,000 privately owned domesticated animals.(IUCN’s Species Survival Commission’s Asian Elephant Specialist Group)


Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in Myanmar. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2021) available online retrieved 2021-11-30 at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Myanmar.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others

  • Current status of elephants in Myanmar, by Leimgruber et al. (2011), http://www.asesg.org/gajah35.htm">Gajah nr 35, 2012. (Journal of the IUCN/SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group)

Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in Myanmar (From the sister site Elephant News)

  • NameElephant collectionTypePlace
    Amerapoora Palace of the White Elephant
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathscampMandalay
    Ayeyarwady Region
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 2 births1 relocated1 deathswild
    (map) Ayeyarwady Region
    Bombay Burmah Trading Corporation (BBTC)
    Kept totally 2004 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 2 births0 relocated2004 deathscampRangoon
    Bombay Lumber Company
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathscamp
    Burma Forest Department
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 2 births0 relocated4 deathscamp
    Green Hill Valley elephant sanctuary
    Kept totally 8 elephants
    , 6 present (1,5) 0 births0 relocated2 deathssanctuaryKalaw
    (map)Taunggyi District Southern Shan State
    Htar Wai elephant camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathscamp
    King Thibaw Min of Burmah
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateMandalay
    (map)Mandalay District Shan State Mandalay Region
    MacGregor and Co
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateRangoon
    Magwe elephant camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathscampMagwe Magwe
    Mahamyaing Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathscamp
    Mandalay zoological garden
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathszooMandalay
    Myaing Hay Wun elephant ground
    Kept totally 32 elephants
    , 32 present (1,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathscampTaikkyi, Yangon division
    (map)
    Myanmar Timber Enterprise (MTE)
    Kept totally 2746 elephants
    , 2725 present (0,0) 0 births21 relocated0 deathsorganizationYangon
    (map)
    Myanmar unspecified location
    Kept totally 21 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 2801 births21 relocated0 deathscamp
    Nat Pauk Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathscampIndaw
    (map)Katha District Sagaing Division northern Burma
    Naypyidaw Zoo (Nay Pyi Taw Zoo)
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 9 present (1,2) 2 births0 relocated0 deathszooNaypyidaw
    Ngwesaung Elephant Camp
    Kept totally 15 elephants
    , 15 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathscamp Pathein District
    Pho Kyar elephant camp (MTE)
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 6 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathscampThargara Bago
    Port of Rangoon
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsseaportRangoon
    (map)
    Saw Durmay (Po Min)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births3 relocated1 deathsprivateToungoo
    Sein Ye forest camp
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathscampOaktwin Bago division
    Steel Brothers Burma Trading Company Ltd
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathscampRangoon
    Tharyawady forest division
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1) 1 births1 relocated0 deathscampBago Yoma
    U Khoon Sandah
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateKayah State
    Uppatasanti Pagoda
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathstempleNaypyidaw
    Wingabaw Elephant Camp (Bago)
    Kept totally 12 elephants
    , 11 present (0,5) 2 births0 relocated1 deathscampBago
    (map)
    Yadana White Elephants Garden
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (1,2) 0 births0 relocated0 deathszooYangoon
    Yangon Zoo (Rangoon Zoo)
    Kept totally 45 elephants
    , 6 present (1,4) 2 births35 relocated4 deathszooYangon
    (map)