Elephants at private locations in Nepal


22 private locations has kept elephants in Nepal
There is presently 35 (1,23) living elephants in private locations in Nepal (in this database)

Region: Nepal is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Nepal has about 126 (min. 109, max. 142) wild elephants. Source:Pradhan et al. (2011)

Location holdings:

22 private locations has kept 42 elephants in Nepal

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in private locations35 (1,23) living7 (0,4) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  1 / 35 
 3%
 Female  23 / 35 
 66%
 Free contact  35 / 35 
 100%
 Protected contact  0 / 35  0%
 No contact  0 / 35  0%
 Unknown contact  0 / 35  0%
 wild  0 / 35  0%


1914: A total of 17 captive elephants were released into the wild in 1914

1945-1970: 10 wild elephants were captured for taming during 1954-1970.

1973: capture of wild elephants became strictly prohibited.

Wild elephants


Many wild elephants migrate between India and Nepal, where rapidly rising human populations devastated lowland forest herds. Small herds have stabilised in protected reserves.

1996: population was estimated to 50-60 (Santiapillai, IUCN 1996).

2008: 100-170 (Sukumar 2008)

2011: 128 elephants. (Pradhan et al., 2011)

Captive elephants


Gaja or Prasad denotes a male, and Kali denotes a female elephant.

Phanit denotes an official driver and senior keeper, Pachuwa: assistant, and Mahut, 2nd assistant.

The Rana rulers established Hattisars (elephant stables) as part of their big game hunting exploits. Between 1898 and 1970 there were 31 such hattisars for captive elephants, stretching from Jhapa in east Nepal to Kanchanpur in far west Nepal. The last wild elephant was captured near Parsa in 1969

Government elephant stables are called sarkari hattisar.

2011: 236 registered captive elephants. (Locke, 2011)

2014: Nepal has about 150 captive elephants under both government and private individuals distributed in three locations such us the Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Chitwan National Park, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Bardia National Park.
Surendra Varma, Suparna Ganguly (2011)

Other sources state: There are around 200 captive elephants in Nepal. Around 100 of them are owned by the Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation and 100 by private institutions
Jeewan Thapa

Bardia


17 elephants have 41 handlers in the Bardia National Park. All the adult female elephants had been bought. Surendra Varma, Suparna Ganguly (2011)



Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in Nepal. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2021) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Nepal.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others


Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in Nepal (From the sister site Elephant News)


  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Bikash Mishra
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateRatnanagarChitwan District
    Chitwan Island Jungle Resort
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 3 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Chitwan Jungle Villa Resort
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Chitwan Sapana Village Lodge
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 6 present (1,5)1 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateSauraha
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Eco Adventure Resort
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateRatnanagar
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Happy House (Om Rijal)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated2 deathsprivateBaratpur
    Holiday Safari
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateSaurahaChitwan District
    Hotel Jungle Vista
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Hotel Parkland
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateRatnanagar
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Hotel Wildlife Camp
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateRatnanagar
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Jung Bahadur Rana (Bir Narsingh Kunwar)
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated3 deathsprivateKathmandu
    (map)
    Jungle Safari Resort
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,3)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateSaurahaChitwan District
    Jungle Wildlife Camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateRatnanagar
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Jungle World Resort
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateBharatpur
    King Birendra of Nepal
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateKathmandu
    (map)
    Machan Wildlife Resort
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateNawalparasi
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Nature Safari Camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateSaurahaChitwan District
    Rainbow Safari Resort
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Rhino Lodge and Hotel
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateRatnanagar
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    River Bank Inn
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateSauraha
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Safaris Barahi Jungle Lodge
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 4 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Traveller Jungle Camp
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateRatnanagar
    (map)
    Chitwan District



    This document was updated: 2020-11-10 10:48:18


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