Elephants at wild locations in South Africa


21 wild locations has kept elephants in South Africa
There is presently 46 (21,10) living elephants in wild locations in South Africa (in this database)

Region: South Africa is in this database included in africaOther regions
Wild elephants:

South Africa has about over 20 000 (2006)wild elephants. Source:

Location holdings:

21 wild locations has kept 71 elephants in South Africa

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in wild locations46 (21,10) living25 (12,5) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  21 / 46 
 46%
 Female  10 / 46 
 22%
 Free contact  0 / 46  0%
 Protected contact  0 / 46  0%
 No contact  0 / 46  0%
 Unknown contact  5 / 46 
 11%
 wild  40 / 46 
 87%

Before 1981 South Africa had only elephants in KNP, Addo elephant park, Tembe elephant reserve in KwaZulu Natal and some migrating animals from Botswana and Zimbabwe.

The present (2006) wild elephant population is maybe more than 20 000 elephants;
* KNP had in 2005 abt 17 000 elephants (Outside KNP Limpopo area has 831 elephants)
* Swaziland 38
* KwaZulu Natal abt 1 000
* Eastern Cape abt 540
* Northwest 622
* Eastern Cape 6 elephants
* Addo elephant park more than 400 elephants.

South Africa has a legal export of 60 elephant trophies a year. The cost of shooting an elephant is about 20 000 US$, money which partly is financing protection against poaching.

The first elephant back safaris in SA was offered in 2002 by Randall Moore.


Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in South Africa. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2021) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=South Africa.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in South Africa (From the sister site Elephant News)

  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Addo Elephant National Park
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathswildPort ElizabethEastern Cape
    Atherstone Nature Reserve
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathswildDwaalboom
    (map)
    Limpopo
    Balule Nature Reserve
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathswildPhalaborwaLimpopo Province
    Buffalo Kloof Private Game Reserve
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 4 present (2,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathswildMakhanda
    (map)
    Eastern Cape province
    Dinokeng Game Reserve
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathswildHammanskraal
    (map)
    Gauteng
    Djuma Game Reserve
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathswildSabi Sand Reserve
    Knysna forest
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births2 relocated1 deathswild
    Kruger National Park
    Kept totally 140 elephants
    , 7 present (6,1)154 births132 relocated1 deathswildKruger National Park
    (map)
    Limpopo province
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathswildPolokwane
    (map)
    Limpopo province
    Mabilingwe Game reserve
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births6 relocated0 deathswildBela Bela, Limpopo
    Marakele National Park
    Kept totally 14 elephants
    , 13 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathswildWaterberg mountain, Limpopo Province
    Mpumalanga province
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)2 births2 relocated0 deathswild
    (map)
    Mpumalanga province
    Pilanesberg National Park
    Kept totally 32 elephants
    , 10 present (8,2)4 births10 relocated12 deathswildSun City
    (map)
    North West Province
    Sabi Sands game reserve
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births4 relocated0 deathswild
    Samara Private Game Reserve
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (2,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathswildGraaff-Reinet
    (map)
    Sanbona Wildlife Reserve
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathswild
    Selati Game Reserve
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births2 relocated0 deathswildNelspruit
    (map)
    Limpopo province
    South Africa unspecified location
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)6 births5 relocated0 deathswild
    (map)
    Tembe Elephant Park
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)5 births3 relocated2 deathswild
    (map)
    Thula Thula Private Game Reserve
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 5 present (1,3)2 births0 relocated1 deathswildEmpangeni
    (map)
    KwaZulu-Natal province
    Tshukudu Game Lodge
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathswildHoedspruit



    This document was updated: 2020-09-19 13:05:08


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