Elephant locations in Sri Lanka


83 locations has kept elephants in Sri Lanka
There is presently 253 (99,112) living elephants in locations in Sri Lanka (in this database)

Region: Sri Lanka is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Sri Lanka has about 5879 (min. 5879, max. 5879) wild elephants. Source:Fernando et al. (2011)

Location holdings:

83 locations has kept 349 elephants in Sri Lanka

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in locations253 (99,112) living96 (49,23) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  99 / 253 
 39%
 Female  112 / 253 
 44%
 Free contact  153 / 253 
 60%
 Protected contact  0 / 253  0%
 No contact  0 / 253  0%
 Unknown contact  3 / 253 
 1%
 wild  89 / 253 
 35%

Sri Lanka is an island with a land area of approximately 62,000 km2 situated in the Indian Ocean, 35 km from the southern end of the Indian Peninsula.

2004: In 2004 a rare albino elephant was spotted roaming Sri Lankas Ruhunu National Park, the first recorded sighting in the country.

2011: The first-ever nationwide elephant census in August 2011 produced a total of 7,379 jumbos across the island: 5,879 of them were spotted near parks and sanctuaries, while another 1,500 were estimated to be living in other areas. (Earlier 2 000-3 000, Santiapillai, IUCN1996, SUKUMAR 2008)

Human-elephant conflict


2019: In 2019 alone, 407 elephants and 122 humans were killed due to the country’s worsening HEC. Man-elephant conflicts are the major cause for the elephant killings whilst a number of elephants were run over by trains accidentally. In some other cases elephants were killed as they fell in man-made structures like farming wells.

Captive elephants


1946: In 1946 Sri Lanka was said to have 736 elephants in captivity (Santiapillai and de Silva, 1994)

1955: there were said to still be 670 elephants (Deraniyagala, 1955).

1967: census conducted by the University of Peradeniya and the Smithsonian Elephant Research Programme showed 532 elephants, with two owned by government and the remaining 530 in private hands (Jayasinghe and Jainudeen, 1970). In the early 1980s a census conducted by the DWLC listed 344 elephants, including 29 tuskers and 154 mukhnas (Anon., 1982d); but A.B. Fernando, who handed the mimeographed single page to the author, estimated that about 10% were uncounted, the addition of which would give about 380 elephants (A.B. Fernando, 1988).


Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in Sri Lanka. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2020) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Sri Lanka.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others


Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in Sri Lanka (From the sister site Elephant News)


  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    P.R. Karunarathna
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateHemmathagama
    Anamaduwa Wev Pitiya
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathscampPuttalam
    Anamaduwe Dhammadassi Thera
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Anuradhapura forest
    Kept totally 12 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)9 births12 relocated0 deathswild
    (map)
    B. B. Yayasekhara
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateDompe
    Bellanwila Rajamaha Viharaya temple
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 2 present (2,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathstempleBoralesgamuwa
    (map)
    Bentota Tourist Complex elephant orphanage
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births7 relocated0 deathsorphanageBentotaSouthern province
    Ceylon Department of Civil Engineering
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated4 deathscampKurunegala
    Ceylon department of the commissioner of roads
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathscampColombo
    Ceylon Zoological Gardens Company
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births3 relocated0 deathszooDehivela, Colombo
    (map)
    Champis elephant safari
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKegalleKegalle DistrictSabaragamuwa Province
    Colombo unspecified location
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathsprivateColombo
    (map)
    D. S. Senanayake
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    D.A.W. Kannangara
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivate
    Delgamu temple
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleRatnapura
    Deraniyagala Sri Saman Devalaya
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleDeraniyagala
    Devinda Senanayake
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateKerala
    Devinuwara Upulwan Sri Vishnu Devalaya
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathstempleMatara
    Dutugemunu of Anuradhapura
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathsprivateAnuradhapura
    Gangaramaya Temple
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births1 relocated2 deathstempleColombo
    Giritale Elephant Transit Home Medical Centre
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births4 relocated0 deathshospitalPolonnaruwa
    H. L. Yajarathna
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateRatnapura
    Hambantota wildlife zone
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 4 present (1,3)0 births1 relocated0 deathswildHambantotaSouthern Province
    J.P.I. Piyadasa
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    James Emerson Tennent
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateColombo
    John Hagenbeck
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births7 relocated0 deathsdealerColombo
    K.G. Punchi Apuhami
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated3 deathsprivateKegalla
    K.G. Sumarasekere
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Kaduwela Kotalawela Sankapitti Vihara
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleKaduwela
    Kandalama Walauwa
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathsprivateKandalamaMirigama, Western Sri Lanka
    Kandy Sri Dalada Maligawa Temple of the Tooth
    Kept totally 16 elephants
    , 8 present (8,0)0 births2 relocated6 deathstempleKandy
    (map)
    Kataragama Kiri Vehera Dewalaya
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (3,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleKataragama
    Kelaniya Raja Maha Vihara temple
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (2,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleKelaniya
    Kotte Rajamaha Viahara
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathstempleKotte
    Kurunegala District
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathswildKurunegalaNorth Western Province
    Kurunegala forest
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births5 relocated0 deathswildKurunegala
    Lahugala Elephant Sanctuary
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathswildPolonnaruwa
    Lucky Bandaranayake
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivatePamunuwa, Mawanella
    Lunugamvehera National park
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 4 present (3,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathswildLunugamvehera
    Maduru Oya National Park
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 4 present (1,1)1 births2 relocated0 deathswildPolonnaruwaUva Province
    Maharagama Temple
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleMaharagamaWestern Province
    Mahiyangana Raja Maha Viharaya
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleMahayangana
    Matara elephant stables
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsdealerMatara
    Matara Weherahena temple
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleMatara
    Millennium Elephant Foundation
    Kept totally 11 elephants
    , 9 present (4,5)0 births1 relocated1 deathsprivateKegalle
    (map)
    Kegalle DistrictSabaragamuwa Province
    Minneriya national park
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,1)3 births0 relocated0 deathswildPolonnaruwa
    (map)
    North Central Province
    Molagoda elephant village camp
    Kept totally 10 elephants
    , 5 present (2,3)0 births1 relocated4 deathscampMolagoda
    (map)
    Morahena Watte
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateAthurugiriya
    Morawatte Temple
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathstempleKegalleKegalle DistrictSabaragamuwa Province
    Nawagaththegama jungle
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births1 relocated0 deathswildPuttalam
    Nawala businessman
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooNawala, KotteWestern Province
    Olaboduwe Ralahami
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    P.W.Wijegunawardene
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births4 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Panagoda army camp
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births3 relocated0 deathsprivateKalutara
    Panamure elephant kraal (Panamura Ethgala)
    Kept totally 30 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births17 relocated13 deathsdealerSabaragamuwa
    Pelmadulla Purana Rajamaha Viharaya
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathstemplePelmadulla
    Pinnawala elephant orphanage
    Kept totally 146 elephants
    , 70 present (22,37)66 births53 relocated23 deathsorphanageKegalle
    (map)
    Kegalle DistrictSabaragamuwa Province
    Pinnawala elephant safari
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births1 relocated1 deathscampKegalle
    (map)
    Kegalle DistrictSabaragamuwa Province
    Pinnawala Zoo
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (2,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooKegalle
    (map)
    Polwatte temple
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathstempleKollupitiya
    Pradeep Nilanga Dela Bandara
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateKandy
    Ragama temple (unknown name)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated1 deathstempleRagama
    Ridi Vihara (Silver temple)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleKandy
    Ridiyagama Safari park
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (2,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathszooAmbalanthota
    (map)
    Hambantota
    Ritigala Yaan Oya Elephant Transit Home
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsorphanageRitigala Strict Nature Reserve
    Samaragiri Club Concept Elephant Bath
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)1 births2 relocated0 deathscampKegalleKegalle DistrictSabaragamuwa Province
    Sinharaja Forest Reserve
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (2,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathswild
    (map)
    Southern Province
    Siri Alanmathiniyaramaya Purana Viharaya
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleColombo
    Sri Dewram Wehera Depanama Pannipitiya
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstemple Pannipitiya
    Sri Lanka National Zoological Gardens (Dehiwela Zoo)
    Kept totally 67 elephants
    , 7 present (1,5)1 births52 relocated8 deathszooDehiwala, Colombo
    (map)
    Sri Lanka Ramanya Nikaya
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstempleWeveldeniya
    Sri Lanka unspecified location
    Kept totally 17 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)17 births14 relocated3 deathswild
    (map)
    Sumedha Basnayake
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateBalangoda
    Tikiri Bandara Mampitiya
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births2 relocated0 deathsprivateGiragama Walauwa, Yatinuwara
    Uda Walawe Elephant Transit Home Udawalawa Eth Athuru Sewana
    Kept totally 95 elephants
    , 22 present (10,9)0 births68 relocated5 deathsorphanageUda Walawe National Park
    (map)
    Uda Walawe Nationalpark
    Kept totally 71 elephants
    , 66 present (20,32)6 births4 relocated1 deathswildUda Walawe National Park
    (map)
    Udugama Plywood Corporation
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampUdugamaCentral Province
    Ulankulama interim elephant orphanage
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathsorphanageNorth Central Province
    Vipashyarama Purana Vihara
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathstemple
    Wewaladeniya Rajamaha Viharaya
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births1 relocated0 deathstempleKegalleKegalle DistrictSabaragamuwa Province
    Wilpattu elephant orphanage
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births6 relocated0 deathsorphanageWilpattu national park
    Wilpattu Nationalpark
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathswild
    (map)
    Yala Ruhunu National Park
    Kept totally 19 elephants
    , 12 present (5,7)10 births2 relocated5 deathswildHambantota
    (map)



    This document was updated: 2020-10-03 08:17:45


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