|Region:||Sri Lanka is in this database included in asia||Other regions|
Sri Lanka has about 5879 (min. 5879, max. 5879) wild elephants. Source:Fernando et al. (2011)
|Elephants in orphanage locations||91 (31,46) living||28 (12,9) dead|
|Sex ratio and |
Sri Lanka is an island with a land area of approximately 62,000 km2 situated in the Indian Ocean, 35 km from the southern end of the Indian Peninsula.
2019: In 2019 alone, 407 elephants and 122 humans were killed due to the country’s worsening HEC. Man-elephant conflicts are the major cause for the elephant killings whilst a number of elephants were run over by trains accidentally. In some other cases elephants were killed as they fell in man-made structures like farming wells.
1946: In 1946 Sri Lanka was said to have 736 elephants in captivity (Santiapillai and de Silva, 1994)
1955: there were said to still be 670 elephants (Deraniyagala, 1955).
1967: census conducted by the University of Peradeniya and the Smithsonian Elephant Research Programme showed 532 elephants, with two owned by government and the remaining 530 in private hands (Jayasinghe and Jainudeen, 1970). In the early 1980s a census conducted by the DWLC listed 344 elephants, including 29 tuskers and 154 mukhnas (Anon., 1982d); but A.B. Fernando, who handed the mimeographed single page to the author, estimated that about 10% were uncounted, the addition of which would give about 380 elephants (A.B. Fernando, 1988).
|Bentota Tourist Complex elephant orphanage|
Kept totally 7 elephants
|, 0 present (0,0)||0 births||7 relocated||0 deaths||orphanage||Bentota||Southern province|
|Pinnawala elephant orphanage|
Kept totally 146 elephants
|, 69 present (21,37)||66 births||54 relocated||23 deaths||orphanage||Kegalle|
|Kegalle District||Sabaragamuwa Province|
|Ritigala Yaan Oya Elephant Transit Home|
Kept totally 0 elephants
|, 0 present (0,0)||0 births||0 relocated||0 deaths||orphanage||Ritigala Strict Nature Reserve|
|Uda Walawe Elephant Transit Home Udawalawa Eth Athuru Sewana|
Kept totally 95 elephants
|, 22 present (10,9)||0 births||68 relocated||5 deaths||orphanage||Uda Walawe National Park|
|Ulankulama interim elephant orphanage|
Kept totally 0 elephants
|, 0 present (0,0)||0 births||0 relocated||0 deaths||orphanage||North Central Province|
|Wilpattu elephant orphanage|
Kept totally 6 elephants
|, 0 present (0,0)||0 births||6 relocated||0 deaths||orphanage||Wilpattu national park|