Elephants at private locations in Thailand

66 private locations has kept elephants in Thailand
There is presently 46 (10,32) living elephants in private locations in Thailand (in this database)

Region: Thailand is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Thailand has about 1600 (min. NA, max. 2000) wild elephants. Source:Sompoad Srikosamatara, (2010)

Location holdings:

66 private locations has kept 68 elephants in Thailand

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in private locations46 (10,32) living22 (7,2) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  10 / 46 
 22%
 Female  32 / 46 
 70%
 Free contact  46 / 46 
 100%
 Protected contact  0 / 46  0%
 No contact  0 / 46  0%
 Unknown contact  0 / 46  0%
 wild  0 / 46  0%


Phu is a Karen word for a male elephant.

"Chang Pang" is a female elephant without tusks. There are females with a bit of tusks called "Khanai".

"Chang Plai" is a male elephant with tusks.

Chang Mae is the Thai word for mother and is added to the name after her first child is born.

Wild elephants


1996: 1 200-1 500 (Santiapillai, IUCN1996).
2002: 1000 elephants Lohanan (2002)
2010: 1600 Sompoad Srikosamatara, 2010

53 elephants were known to have been killed in Thailand in the wild from 1992 to 1997, 24 for their tusks.

captive population


In 1884, the north of Thailand alone had more than 20,000 captive elephants.

1965: the Department of Livestock Development reported that there were only 11,192 captive elephants.

1959-1969: 1138 elephants were legally exported (Storer 1981)

1979: Two female elephants (2 and ~ years old) were exported by the Dusit Zoo, Bangkok, to the Irish capitals Royal Zoological Society, in trade for 2 giraffes on 3 July, 1979. (Storer 1981)

1985: Later, in 1985, the number decreased to only 3,381.

1989: teak logging operations became banned, and some 2 000 elephants and owners became unemployed, in about the same time when tourism reached very high numbers, and those elephants became transferred into tourism activities in more than 100 camps and "elephant villages" (Baan Chaang).

1997: 2,180 left (Puttipong Khawnual 2005)

2012: 26 elephants without registration papers were confiscated and impounded at the Thai Elephant Conservation Center (TECC). At the March 13th National Elephant Day symposium in Bangkok, the DNP Chief estimated that 10% of the captive elephants in Thailand are not registered.

2014: a total of 4,435 elephants had the owner record. For the past 6 years, the birth rate (62.67±10.69) was higher than the dead rate (23.83±8.01) (p<0.0001). (Weerasak Pintawongs)

A typical elephant is valued at 400,000 baht ($1,200) and a baby (under 5 years) may cost upto 1 million baht (2010)

Export of elephants


1965: 76, 1966: 74, 1967: 77, 1968: 49, 1969: 52, 1970: 88, 1971: 84, 1972: 113, 1973: 43, 1974: 22, 1975: 12, 1976: 4 (Source: Department of Livestock Development, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives, (Anon, 1994d) and earlier years of the same annual publication. via Lair, Richard, FAO: http://www.fao.org/3/ac774e/ac774e0h.htm)

According to CITES trade database, exports 1980-2020: 1980: 1 (USA), 1981: 3 (USA+Soviet Union), 1982: 2 (Japan), 1986: 2 (India), 1987: 2 (Germany+Japan), 1988: 4 (Japan), 1989: 3 (Japan), 1990: 2 (Hong Kong), 1991: 2 (Hong Kong), 1993: 2 (Japan), 1994: 3 (Japan+USA), 1995: 9 (China+Israel+Japan+Myanmar+USA), 1996: 22 (China+Japan+Myanmar), 1997: 17 (India+Israel+Japan+Myanmar), 1998: 10 (China+Japan), 1999: 10 (Canada+China+Japan+S. Korea), 2000: 17 (China+Japan+Sri Lanka), 2001: 14 (Denmark+Sri Lanka+S. Korea; 9 elephants to Korea origin from Laos) 2002: 19 (Japan+Philippines), 2003: 15 (Japan+Myanmar), 2004: 26 (China+Japan+Myanmar+Sweden), 2005: 12 (China+Japan), 2006: 20 (Australia+China+Germany+Japan), 2008: 3 (S. Korea, origin from Laos), 2009: 4 (Canada+Japan), 2012: 3 (S. Korea), 2013: 3 (S. Korea), 2015: 1 (Japan, origin from Laos)
(Source: CITES trade database)


Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in Thailand. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2021) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Thailand.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others


Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in Thailand (From the sister site Elephant News)

  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Andreas du Plessis de Richelieu
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births3 relocated0 deathsprivateBangkok
    Baan Bang Thong coconut farm (Prasop Jerkaew)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateKathu
    (map)
    Kathu DistrictPhuket ProvinceSouthern Thailand
    Baan Tuek unspecified owner
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateTambon Baan Tuek
    Ban Ta Klang unspecified owner
    Kept totally 19 elephants
    , 4 present (1,3) 8 births14 relocated1 deathsprivateSurin
    (map)
    Tha Tum DistrictSurin ProvinceEast Thailand
    Bunleu Yiat-Lam
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateChumphon Buri
    C. F. Koebke
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsprivateBangkok
    (map)
    Central Thailand
    Chob Riang-ngern
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsprivateSurin Province
    Eknarin Riangngeon
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Jessadabodindra, king Rama III of Thailand
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateBangkok
    Journey to Freedom project (Sangduen Chailert)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivate
    Karen unspecified hilltribe family
    Kept totally 20 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2) 2 births18 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Lat Da
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 1 births2 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Pai Tun
    Kept totally 10 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 3 births10 relocated0 deathsprivateChiang Mai
    Khun Patjara
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births7 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Sanga Gasaen
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Sila
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Somboon
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Son Rod
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births7 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Su Da Porn
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births6 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Sudaporn
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births4 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Sutat
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Tong Lean
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Udome
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births3 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Khun Yod
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsprivate
    King Borommatrailokkanat (Trailok) of Ayutthaya and Sukhothai
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateAyutthaya
    King Maha Chakkraphat of Ayutthaya
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated7 deathsprivateAyutthaya
    King Naresuan Sanphet II of Ayutthaya
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateAyutthayaAyutthaya
    King Rama II of Siam
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated3 deathsprivateAyutthaya
    King Rama IX Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births7 relocated0 deathsprivateBangkok
    King Rama V Chulalongkorn of Siam
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births3 relocated1 deathsprivate
    King Rama VI Vajiravudh of Siam
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    King Rama VII Prajadhipok of Siam
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Klaivian Supasorn
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (2,0) 1 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateTatumSurin
    Kun Thong Suk
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateSurinSurin
    Laguna Beach Hotel
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateCherngtalay, Thalang District, Bangtao B
    Lo Salangam
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateChiang Rai
    (map)
    Mae Sot unspecified location
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births4 relocated0 deathsprivateMae Sot, Mae Sot DistrictTak Province
    Malee Cheoychit
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateMueang Trang DistrictTrang Province
    Mew Salangam
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateTatum
    (map)
    Surin
    Mr Pan
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 3 births3 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Mueang Buriram DistrictBuriram Provinceeastern Thailand
    Pan Jeyram
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateChumphon Buri DistrictSurin
    Pau Salangam
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateTatumSurin
    Phang Nga Elephant Park
    Kept totally 11 elephants
    , 11 present (1,10) 1 births0 relocated0 deathsprivatePhang-nga
    (map)
    Takua Pa DistrictPhang Nga Province
    Phu Phan Ratchaniwet Palace (Sakon Nakhon)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateSakon NakhonSakon Nakhon Province, Isan
    Phuket Sheraton Grande Laguna Cherngtalay
    Kept totally 7 elephants
    , 5 present (0,5) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsprivatePhuketPhuket
    Pra Arjarn Moche
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    (map)
    Pu Jay Mau Sabmak
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0) 1 births4 relocated0 deathsprivateChumphon Buri DistrictSurin
    Raewat Chernkaew
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Santawee Boonklao
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateTatoomSurin
    Seri Srisuj
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateKrabiKrabi
    Sinnarin Riangngeon
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Somchai Yoothongkham
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateNakhon Si Thammarat
    Somchoke Chooban
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivatePa Lian districtTrang Province
    Somdet Phra Narai Maharat of Ayutthaya (Lopburi royal elephant stable)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateLopburiCentral Thailand
    Sommai Salangam
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateThatum
    Sompoon Salangam
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateTatumSurin
    Somporn Sakchintadakul
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 3 present (0,3) 3 births0 relocated1 deathsprivateChiang Mai
    Somsak Riangngeon
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsprivate
    Suphap Salangam
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateTatumSurin
    Surat Termsak
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateChaiyaphum Province
    Thung Thong Sub - District Police Station
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateKathuPhuket
    Tony Jaa (Tatchakorn Yeerum)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateSurin
    Unnop Thanasamut
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 2 present (0,0) 0 births7 relocated0 deathsprivateSurinMueang Surin
    Wanchai Manapermpian
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated1 deathsprivateMae Cheam District, Chiang Mai
    Watcharapong Mohom
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1) 0 births0 relocated0 deathsprivateChumphon Buri
    Ya Sukhree
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsprivateSurin



    This document was updated: 2020-10-27 06:15:38



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