Elephants at dealer locations in United States

29 dealer locations has kept elephants in United States
There is presently 0 (0,0) living elephants in dealer locations in United States (in this database)

Region: United States is in this database included in northamericaOther regions
Location holdings:

29 dealer locations has kept 57 elephants in United States

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in dealer locations0 (0,0) living57 (11,40) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  0 / 0  0%
 Female  0 / 0  0%
 Free contact  0 / 0  0%
 Protected contact  0 / 0  0%
 No contact  0 / 0  0%
 Unknown contact  0 / 0  0%
 wild  0 / 0  0%

The first captive elephants in U.S.A.


1. Buffon, imported 1795 by captain Jacob Crowninshield.
2, 3 and 4. Old Bet imported 1804, Betty (Little Bet), and Columbus (first elephant male in America), both imported 1817, all those three elephants were owned by Hachaliah Bailey,
5. Horatio imported 1819 (died 1820). (second elephant male in America),
6. Tippoo Sultan (Tippoo Saib) imported 1821,
7. Hannibal 1824.
8. Flora imported 1827
9. Timour (Mogul II)
10 and 11. Hyder Ali, and his mother imported 1830
12, 13, 14 and 15 Columbus II (Mogul?), Caroline, Juliet, and Helen McGregor 1831 (died 1832).
16 and 17. Romeo, Runjet Singh 1832.
18 and 19.Siam, Virginius (Gold Button) 1833.
20 and 21 Basil and Pizarro 1834.

1835: The Zoological Institute absorbed all the menageries in the country - there were sixteen extant in 1834, and ended the first phase of individual management.
1837: While the economic panic of 1837 just two years later all but wiped out The Zoological Institute, the organization formalized the menagerie business, which eventually became the modern circus, and thus the Articles of Association document is arguably the “birth certificate” of the American circus.

In the next 100 years, there was a large number of import of elephants to Circuses and Zoos in North America. The first Zoo in USA, Philadelphia Zoo, displayed the first elephant in an American Zoo, at the opening in 1874.

From 1875 the import from Firma Hagenbeck and Firma Reiche to the Zoos and the apr. 55 US circuses, rocketed as the owners competed with large collections. Carl Hagenbeck claimed in a letter to Ringling that he exported abt 100 elephants to USA between 1875 and 1882, most of them to Adam Forepaugh and P. T. Barnum. After the last Reiche brother died in 1887, Carl Hagenbeck almost monopolized the trade, until 1907, when the Firma Ruhe became a preferred trader to zoos, who started to view Hagenbecks Tierpark, founded 1907 in Hamburg.Stellingen as competition.
,
1933: An elephant census in USA was performed in 1933: Karl Knecht recorded 194 elephants traveling with circuses, carnivals, vaudeville troupes, fairs etc. Another 80 were in zoos. There was not one African with a circus and only 5 in zoos.

Sources claim there were 284 elephants in 79 accredited U.S. zoos, according to the Association of Zoos and Aquariums that accredited totally 217 zoos in USA.

2018_ A census for the United States and Canada was published in February 2019 in The Elephant Managers Association.
publication Gray Matters; claimed 236 Asians and 195 African elephants in the human care population.

Zoos that have eliminated elephant exhibits since 2000:

Zoos in the midst of eliminating elephant exhibits:


Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2021) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=United States.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others

  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger2


Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in United States (From the sister site Elephant News)

  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Animal Distributors Inc
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsdealerLong IslandNew York
    Bartell Wild Animal Farm (William Bartel)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births0 relocated1 deathsdealerBellevueNew Jersey
    Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
    Kept totally 18 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births16 relocated2 deathsdealerBowling GreenKentucky
    Catalina Wild Life Expeditions (Noel Rosefelt)
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births6 relocated0 deathsdealerAvalonCalifornia
    Catskill Game Farm
    Kept totally 22 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births19 relocated3 deathsdealerCatskill
    (map)
    New York
    Charles Mayer
    Kept totally 23 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births9 relocated14 deathsdealer
    Charles P Chase Company Inc
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsdealerMiamiFlorida
    Chet Juszyk
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsdealer
    Coulson H Glick
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsdealerOntarioCalifornia
    David Hale
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsdealerCape GirardeauMissouri
    Ellis Stanley Joseph
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births6 relocated0 deathsdealerThe BronxNew York state
    Firma Reiche
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births4 relocated0 deathsdealerNew York
    (map)
    Frank Thompson (Bradenton)
    Kept totally 22 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births22 relocated0 deathsdealerBradenton
    (map)
    Florida
    George´s Pet Shop (George Flemming)
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated1 deathsdealerBladensburgPrince Georges County, Maryland
    Howard Y. Bary
    Kept totally 8 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births4 relocated4 deathsdealerBuckingham, Pennsylvania
    Inland Zoo and Livestock
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsdealerNorco, California
    International Animal Exchange (Ferndale)
    Kept totally 124 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births108 relocated16 deathsdealerRoyal Oak, Michigan
    International Fertilizer and Chemical Company (Fred Zeehandelaar)
    Kept totally 34 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births34 relocated0 deathsdealerNew Rochelle
    (map)
    New York
    Jacob Crowninshield
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsdealerNew York
    (map)
    Jurgen C. Schulz
    Kept totally 52 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births47 relocated5 deathsdealerLampasas, Texas
    Meems Brothers and Ward
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births6 relocated0 deathsdealerLong IslandNew York
    Murray Hill Enterprises
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births3 relocated3 deathsdealerBurlingtonWisconsin
    Rimberg & Fox (Harry Rimberg and Jack Fox)
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births6 relocated0 deathsdealer
    Thompson & Dundee
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births3 relocated0 deathsdealerNew York
    Trefflichs Bird and Animal Company
    Kept totally 23 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births21 relocated2 deathsdealerNew York
    (map)
    New York
    Vivo Animales
    Kept totally 9 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births9 relocated0 deathsdealerLorena
    (map)
    Texas
    William P Hall Animal Farm
    Kept totally 78 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births72 relocated6 deathsdealerLancaster
    (map)
    Schuyler CountyMissouri
    Worldwide Primates
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births2 relocated0 deathsdealerMiami, Florida
    Zoological Animal Exchange (Mogensen)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0) 0 births1 relocated0 deathsdealerNatural BridgeVirginia



    This document was updated: 2020-10-23 03:49:41



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