Bak Kham
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Yo Nie in Vietnam

♀ Bak Kham



Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Subspecies: Elephas maximus indicus
Sex and age:Female ♀
Management:Free contact
Born:* wild
Birth place: in Vietnam unspecified location
Total: 1 babies

1. Born 2019-12-01
(dead † 2019-12-01)
Thong Nang (stillborn)
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Yo Nie, in Vietnam

Date of arrival

Yo Nie
from Vietnam unspecified location

Record history
History of updates2021-10-17

Latest document update2021-09-17 07:30:44
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Bak Kham is a living Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) , located with the private owner Yo Nie, in Vietnam.

Bak Kham arrived to Yo Nie unknown date, relocated from Vietnam unspecified location, in Vietnam.

In Yo Nie, Bak Kham lives as single living elephant at this location


  1. (M) 2019-12-01 -- † 2019-12-01 Thong Nang (stillborn)


Bak Kham was born wild at Vietnam unspecified location.

Comments / pictures

2019: Female Bak Kham had a stillborn elephant baby,

VN Express – 26.12.2019No calves have survived birth since 1989 in a Central Highlands district where elephants are considered kin and buried among family members. Y Yo Ni, of the M’nong ethnic minority, wades through the mud to reach a cemetery near his home in Bhok Village of Yang Tao Commune, Lak District, Dak Lak Province in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. The 21-year old is visiting Thong Nang, a baby elephant that died earlier this year.

The Mahout is unclear why Thong Nang succumbed at birth, though he ascribes the incident to the mother being too old, heavily exploited by tourism, and confined to a small space. Five years ago, Yo Ni married and moved to Yang Tao Commune. Here, his father-in-law had made a living by providing tourist rides on a 40-year-old elephant named Bak Kham. When Bak Kham grew pregnant, she was transferred deeper into the mountain. Protected by nature, Yo Ni cared for her during the next two years. On the morning of December 1, Bak Kham gave birth to a stillborn infant the family was unable to resuscitate, having blown air into its Trunk for nearly 30 minutes. “My father-in-law couldn’t let go of the corpse. He just held it and wailed. Thong Nang weighed 100 kg,” Yo Ni explains. As the M’nong consider elephants kin, often cohabiting beneath the same roof, Thong Nang was interred next to Yo Ni’s family ancestors.
Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2023). Bak Kham, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Yo Nie in Vietnam. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 3 December 2023 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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CategoriesBreeding cows | Elephants from Yo Nie | Vietnam | Single living | Asian elephants

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