African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) at
Ibadan Zoo in Nigeria

dead elephant ☨ ⚪ unknown  dead elephant



Species:African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis)
Sex and age:, unknown age
Management:Assumed dead
Born:* 1963-12-00 wild
Birth place: in Africa unspecified location
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Ibadan Zoo, in Nigeria

Date of arrival

1963-12-13Ibadan Zoo
Record history
History of updates2021-11-18

Latest document update2021-11-18 23:33:32
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† unknown is a dead African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis), , assumed dead at the Ibadan Zoo in , in Nigeria.


unknown was born wild 1963-12-00 at Africa unspecified location.

Comments / pictures

When lecturing professor at Ibadan University, Nigeria in 1963, the biologist Niels Bolwig successfully reared an orphaned infant African forest elephant from a few days old, by developing his own rich milk formula consisting of cows' milk and butter fat. This is believed to be the first successful rearing of an elephant outside Asia, and maybe world wide, since until then most rearing attempts had been unsuccessful due to diet intolerance.

In the International Zoo Yearbook article Observations on the early behaviour of a young african elephant from January 1965, Bolwig describes how an orphaned African forest elephant was brought to Ibadan University on the 13th of December 1963, after her mother was shot in self-defence, when charging a hunter.

The elephant calf was assumed to be about a week old, still having its umbilical cord, and was in good condition, but thin after a week without food. The successful rearing in a garage on the University, is the first scientific description of its kind, and therefore considered being the first documented succesful attempt.

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). unknown, African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) located at Ibadan Zoo in Nigeria. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 21 July 2024 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=10633. (archived at the Wayback machine)

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CategoriesAssumed dead | 1963 births | Elephants from Ibadan Zoo | Nigeria | African forest elephants

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