† Shanthi is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant, (Elephas maximus), who died at Smithsonian National Zoological Park, in United States, of euthanised in 2020-06-26. Official death reason described as advanced osteoarthritis. (see detailed list).
Shanthi was born wild 1976, captured 1976 . and imported 1976
Shanthi means peace in Sinhalese. It also is translated to mean blessing.
In November 2001, the 320 pound newborn calf of the Smithsonian National Zoo was only the second Asian elephant in the world to be born through Artificial Insemination, following the birth of Haji two years previous at the Dickerson Park Zoo in November 1999. He was the fifth elephant in the world conceived via the method. Kandula's one hundred percent Sri Lankan heritage from his mother Shanthi and father Calvin would leave him visibly tuskless, as less than ten percent of those males grow long tusks.
In April 2007, three attempts were made to Artificially Inseminate Shanthi by zoo veterinarians and fertility experts from Germany.
In January 2008, two separate Artificial Insemination procedures were performed on Shanthi in an effort to conceive a calf.
In 2010, 34 year old Shanthi weighed 9000 pounds.
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