African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) at
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♀ Sudan  dead elephant
© Buckles Woodcock
© Buckles Woodcock


SSP nr311


Species:African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 11 years old
Born:* 1936 wild
Birth place: in Africa unspecified location
Capture: 1936
Dead: 1947-12-25
Death reason: killed:
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, in United States

Date of arrival

1936-00-00Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
from Al G Barnes-Sells Floto Circus

1936-00-00Al G Barnes-Sells Floto Circus
from Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus

1936-00-00Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
from New York Harbour

1936-00-00New York Harbour
from Alexandria Port

1936-00-00Alexandria Port
from Port of Juba

1936-00-00Port of Juba 1936-00-00
from Howard Y. Bary

1936-00-00Howard Y. Bary
from Gangala-na-Bodio Elephant Domestication Center

Record history
History of updates2009-01-01: Previous locations, Text, Source, Image, Birth RE
2011-04-26: SSP, Death RE
2012-04-17: on loan 1939?

Latest document update2020-10-18 06:25:24
Random literature

† Sudan is a dead Female ♀ African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana), , who died 1947-12-25 at Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus, in United States, .


Sudan was born wild 1936 at Africa unspecified location, captured 1936 .

Comments / pictures

Records about Sudan from William "Buckles" Woodcocks Blog at
Sudan in Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
A young african elephant was on loan to Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. exhibit at the 1939 New York World’s Fair.

Richard Reynolds bet she was RBBB’s Sudan: There were only two on circuses, both with RBBB. Very few zoos had them at the time - -per my hurried count, Bronx had (1), Philadelphia (1), National zoo (1), Cincinnati (1), and Brookfield (4). I cannot imagine one of these zoos loaning an African to Firestone at the World’s Fair. Besides some of the zoo Africans were old and hardly tractable.
Richard Reynolds

William "Buckles" Woodcock

Records about Sudan from Bob Cline

SUDAN 1936 - brought to US ( African Bush elephant )
African Female 1936 to 1938 - RBBB
1938 - Al G. Barnes / Sells-Floto Circus after RBBB closed in June
1939 to 1947 - RBBB
Died - Dec. 25, 1947 in quarters

Bob Cline, author of the book "Americas elephants".

"These so-called pygmy elephants were obtained by Howard Bary around the end of 1935 or early in 1936.
He got them for RBBB from the elephant training station at Gangala na bodio in the eastern Belgian Congo (now Dem. Republic of Congo). This litho shows the number of elephants (5) that he took out of the Congo. It was an arduous journey involving an overland trek from Gangala to Juba, Sudan on the Nile, then down the Nile to Alexandria and thence by ocean vessel from there. Two of the elephants died en route.
Three arrived in New York for the opening in the Garden in 1936. They were a male “Congo”, female “Pouquois (Puqua)” and another female “Sudan.” The first two were genuine forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) with the straight down tusks, typical of that Species (It is now classified as a separate Species instead of a jungle version of the big bush elephants).
The third one, Sudan, was a bush elephant and later photos of her show the physical features of that Species as contrasted to the forest elephants. She lived the longest dying in Sarasota at the end of 1947 (There are some rumors that she was killed). Congo had died in Sarasota in early 1937 and Puqua died in Atlanta in November 1941 in the infamous elephant poisoning incident."

Richard Reynolds

"Fred Logan said that when the show came in Shipley was dismissed and Hugo took over. On Christmas Day he said he was standing by the water tank when he heard a loud "thud", "Sudan" had dropped dead while standing on the picket line." //Buckles Woodcock
Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). Sudan, African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) located at Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 28 February 2024 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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Categories1947 deaths | 1936 births | 1936 captures | Elephants from Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus | United States | African savanna elephants

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