Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Kolmarden Zoo in Sweden

dead elephant ☨ ♀ Sandai  dead elephant
Elephantkeeper Peter Schröer riding on Sandai in Duisburg Zoo
Elephantkeeper Peter Schröer riding on Sandai in Duisburg Zoo
Alternative name: Sita II


EEP nr8807


Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 18 years old
Born:* 1985 wild
Birth place: in Vietnam unspecified location
Freight:ship from Saigon
Dead: 2003-05-14
Death reason: euthanised: Positive Elephant Elephant TB (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) trunk-wash test, delivery problem
Total: 1 babies

1. Born 2003-05-14
(dead † 2003-05-14)
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Kolmarden Zoo, in Sweden

Date of arrival

2000-08-23Kolmarden Zoo
from Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)

1994-02-03Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
from Duisburg Zoo

1988-07-07Duisburg Zoo
from Usti nad Labem Zoo

Usti nad Labem Zoo
from International Zoo Services (John Rens)

1987-06-18International Zoo Services (John Rens)
from Saigon Zoo (Ho Chi Minh Zoo)

1988-00-00Saigon Zoo (Ho Chi Minh Zoo) 1988-00-00
from Vietnam unspecified location

Record history
History of updates2009-03-05: alternative name Sita II
2018-05-10: import
2021-11-20: Born in Vietnam

Latest document update2021-11-20 13:12:30
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† Sandai is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 2003-05-14 at Kolmarden Zoo, in Sweden, . Official death reason described as Positive Elephant Elephant TB (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) trunk-wash test, delivery problem.

Affiliated people

1: Dan Koehl (elephant keeper from 2000 to 2000)


  1. (M) 2003-05-14 -- † 2003-05-14 stillborn


Sandai was born wild 1985 at Vietnam unspecified location. and imported 1987, ship from Saigon

Comments / pictures

Sandai was imported from Saigon Zoo to Usti nad Labem in 1987-06-18 with the name Sita. She was small and thin and in poor condition.

She was later transfered through Duisburg (where her name was changed) to Hagenbecks in Hamburg.

Together with the whole grup of elephants in Kolmarden she was infected with TBC shortly after her arrival in 2000. She became pregnant with the bull Brahma in Kolmarden Zoo, and efforts was made to save her baby, but without success, and she was euthanized, as well as the total Group of elephants in Kolmarden.

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). Sandai, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Kolmarden Zoo in Sweden. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 21 February 2024 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:


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Categories2003 deaths | 1985 births | Breeding cows | 1987 imports | Elephants from Kolmarden Zoo | Sweden | Asian elephants

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