Columbus II
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Raymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♂ Columbus II  dead elephant



Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Male ♂

People killed:1: George Crumb
Born:* wild
Birth place: in Asia unspecified location
Dead: 1851-10-00
Death reason: accident: fell through a bridge
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Raymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United, in United States

Date of arrival

Raymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United
from James Raymond

1846-00-00James Raymond
from Raymond, Weeks & Co.s American Menagerie of Wild Beasts

1842-00-00Raymond, Weeks & Co.s American Menagerie of Wild Beasts
from Humphrey & Lines United Menagerie

1841-00-00Humphrey & Lines United Menagerie
from James Raymond

1841-00-00James Raymond
from Seeleys Menagerie and Circus (Foster Menagerie)

1840-00-00Seeleys Menagerie and Circus (Foster Menagerie) 1840-00-00
from Ludingtons Menagerie

1837-00-00Ludingtons Menagerie
from The Zoological Institute

1837-00-00The Zoological Institute
from J. R. & Wm. Howe and Cos New York Menagerie

1832-00-00J. R. & Wm. Howe and Cos New York Menagerie
from Unknown

Record history
History of updates2022-04-10

Latest document update2022-04-09 18:47:40
Random literature

† Columbus II is a dead Male ♂ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 1851-10-00 at Raymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United, in United States, . Official death reason described as fell through a bridge.


Columbus II was born wild at Asia unspecified location.

Comments / pictures

Sometimes confusingly referred to as Mogul, but they were two different elephants.

Records about Columbus II from Bob Cline

Male Asian 1832 to 1834 - J. R. & Wm. Howe and Co's New York Menagerie
1835 - Zoological Institute in New York
1837 - Ludington's Menagerie
1840 - Foster Menagerie
Seeley's Menagerie and Circus
1841 - Humphrey & Lines United Menagerie
1842 to 1845 - Raymond, Weeks, & Co. shows
1846 to 1847 - Raymond & Waring Caravan
Died in Oct. 1851 after falling through a bridge in North Adams, Ma.
Bob Cline, author of the book "Americas elephants".

Also in 1817, Hachaliah Bailey and his two partners Benjamin Lent and Andrew Brunn, paid $8,000 for a six year old male elephant named Columbus for the ship on which he was transported. He was exhibited in Boston on December 13th according to this ad in the Columbian Centinel, which claims it to be the only elephant in America at the time. Columbus later was sold or leased to other traveling shows, including J.R and William Howe of North Salem, and James Raymond of Carmel, both New York towns near Somers. Columbus lived until 1851, when he fell through a bridge in North Adams, Massachusetts.
Somers Historical Society

During a Raymond Waring roundup close to Algier in 1841, Columbus attacked the bull Hannibal. The Staff managed to separate the elephants, but while Columbus attacked Hannibal a second time, he became furious and started to kill people and animals on the place, the first human victim was William Crum.

James Raymond had two of his three 1840 menagerie-circus combinations in the South. These were D. R. Lines & Co., and what was called Grand Caravan of Living Animals (a generic title), managed by J. L. Humphrey. Lines had Columbus, as we said, and Humphrey had Bolivar. The two caravans were combined in Algiers, Louisiana, prior to crossing the river to New Orleans as one entity. It was here that Columbus went berserk, attacking Bolivar, killed Bolivar’s keeper, George Crumb, broke up a cage, and lunged at spectators.

Lem Word and I saved several children by throwing them down an embankment, Stone reported. Over 100 men with shotguns followed Columbus thirty miles down the coast, and peppered his hide with shot. George Graver, the keeper, finally recaptured the animal in a swamp. They opened the combined show on 25 February at St. Charles and Poydras Streets, in New Orleans with Columbus in leg chains. Thousands of people paid a dollar each to see him.
Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2021). Columbus II , Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Raymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 4 December 2022 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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Categories1851 deaths | Elephants from Raymond & Warings Menagerie, Museum and Circus United | United States | Mankillers | Asian elephants

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