Mandarin
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Barnum and Baileys circus European tour in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♂ Mandarin  dead elephant

Identification

SSP nr1

Description

Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Subspecies: Elephas maximus maximus
Sex and age:Male ♂ 48 years old
Dentition
Incisivestuskless
Origin
Born:* 1854 wild
Birth place: in Sri Lanka unspecified location
Capture: 1870
Imported:1871 by Elbert Howes
Freight:by ship from Colombo
Death
Dead: 1902-11-08
Death location: New York Harbour
Death reason: killed: strangled by a steam winch outside the New York Harbor
Burial: 1902-11-08, at outside the New York Harbor
Offspring
Total: 2 babies

1. Born 1875-05-31
(dead † <1875-06-01)
Joe

2. Born 1880-03-10
(dead † 1907-11-08)
Columbia (Young America) SSP id: 3
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Barnum and Baileys circus European tour, in United States

Date of arrival

1897-00-00Barnum and Baileys circus European tour
from Barnum & Bailey Circus

Barnum & Bailey Circus
from Barnum and London Circus

1881-00-00Barnum and London Circus
from Cooper and Bailey Circus

1878-00-00Cooper and Bailey Circus
from Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie

1871-07-23Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie
from Hudson River Railroad horse stables

1871-07-22Hudson River Railroad horse stables 1871-07-22
from New York Harbour

1871-07-22New York Harbour
from Port of Colombo

1871-00-00Port of Colombo
from Elbert Howes

1870-00-00Elbert Howes
from Sri Lanka unspecified location

Record history
History of updates2009-03-25: Death, Text
2009-11-14: text
2012-08-28: corr prev locations
2021-09-15: Unknown importer

Latest document update2021-09-17 22:46:51
Relevant literature
Biography

† Mandarin is a dead Male ♂ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 1902-11-08 at Barnum and Baileys circus European tour, in United States, . Official death reason described as strangled by a steam winch outside the New York Harbor.

Offspring


Total: 2 babies

  1. (M) 1875-05-31 -- † <1875-06-01 Joe
  2. (F) 1880-03-10 -- † 1907-11-08 Columbia (Young America) SSP id: 3

Origin


Mandarin was born wild 1854 at Sri Lanka unspecified location, captured 1870 . and imported 1871 by Elbert Howes, by ship from Colombo


Comments / pictures

From the Ceylon-import 1871.

The famous elephant trainer George M. Bates considered Mandarin,the worst elephant ever brought to America. However Mandarin did the yeomans work of the Barnum Herd. When he was killed and sent to the bottom of New York Harbour off Sandy Hook, New Jersey, in November 1902, he was reportedly worth twelve thousand dollars (thats 1902 American dollars).
Barnum & Bailey Elephant Herd/ European Tour, Buckles Web Log, 2005-10-04

Reference list

References

Koehl, Dan, (2021). Mandarin, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Barnum and Baileys circus European tour in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 24 May 2022 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=910. (archived at the Wayback machine)


Sources used for this article is among others:

  • Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
  • Wild Animals in and out of the Zoo by William M. Mann
Links

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Categories1902 deaths | 1854 births | Born in Sri Lanka | Breeding bulls | 1870 captures | 1871 imports | Elephants from Barnum and Baileys circus European tour | United States | Asian elephants


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