Anthrax


Definition of Anthrax
(Scientific name: Bacillus anthracis)

From the elephant glossary Section: disease


Random Literature
Rodshaped gram-positive bacteria, spread from contaminated food, clay (mudbath) or water.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the United States, anthrax is a bacteria found naturally in soil and commonly affects domestic and wild animals when they breathe in or ingest spores in contaminated soil, plants, or water. Anthrax is not contagious and humans can only get infected by ingesting the bacteria. It can be prevented in animals via regular vaccination.

Syndroms:
  • Skin form (common in India)
  • Intestinal form (Zoos and parks)
Caracterics
  • Sudden death
  • High fever
  • Tremors
  • Lethargy
  • Colic
  • Swellings
  • Foam and blood from body openings
Diagnosis:
  • Blood smears show capsules with the bacteria
Treatment:
  • Penicillin

2019-10-23: More than 100 elephants die in Botswana in suspected anthrax outbreak

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Anthrax mentioned in The Elephant Database

1 articles about countries in the elephant database match the word Anthrax.

1 locations holdings in the elephant database match the word Anthrax.

3 elephants in the elephant database match the word Anthrax




Reference list Koehl, Dan, (2023). Anthrax. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 20 September 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/index.php?id=193. (archived at the Wayback machine)


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Categories glossary | disease


About this documentThis document was created: 2021-10-18. Latest update: 2023-09-03 03:00:43 included 1160 characters with valid HTML5 Valid CSS



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