Definition of Kuruba

From the elephant glossary Section: anthrozoology

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The Kuruba or Jeenu Kuruba is an ethnic Group from Southern India. Among the Mahouts in S. India, 98.45% belonged to the Jenu Kuruba community in 2014. The tribal population, especially the Jenu Kurubas, is decreasing. According to a 1991 census, their population was just 43,000.

In Kannada, Jenu means honey and Kuruba is a caste. The name suggests that they are honey gatherers. However, of late, the community members claim that beehives are facing a threat from mites. Hence they also practice agriculture as a subsidiary occupation to eke out a living in the woods.

Records about Kuruba from the Gone Astray: Elephant care manual for Mahouts and camp managers (Thailand)

Krishnamurthy and Wemmer conclude that, “It is unlikely that a uniform elephant husbandry was practiced by the diverse Groups that came to be employed by the forest departments.” In south India many Mahouts are tribals. In Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, there are Jainu Kurubas and Betta or Hill Kurubas.

Elephant care manual for Mahouts and camp managers, Preecha Phuangkum, Richard C. Lair and Taweepoke Angkawanith

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Kuruba mentioned in The Elephant Database

1 articles about countries in the elephant database match the word Kuruba.

  • No location match the word Kuruba in the database.
  • No elephant match the word Kuruba in the database.

Reference list Koehl, Dan, (2023). Kuruba. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 20 September 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/index.php?id=233. (archived at the Wayback machine)

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Categories glossary | anthrozoology

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