Deceased elephants at Unknown in Unknown


This database list 25 assumed dead elephants

NrIdName
Species-Sex
OriginAgeBirthDeath dateParentsArrivalArrival from location
1Merry
EM F
x Zoocentrum Moskwa (Objed)
2Mohan
EM M
52 years1970-12-00 x Chipperfield organisation (Chilworth)
3Samba
EM F
x Zoocentrum Moskwa (Objed)
4Ellen
EM F
x Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
5Kanchana
EM F
~1991 x 2011-12-26 FAE Elephant Hospital
6unknown
LA F
40 years1982-01-00? x 1985-05-29 Katowice Zoo
7Mimi
LA
45 years1977 x Southampton Zoo
8Fifi
EM F
x 1985-05-15 La Palmyre Zoo
9Unknown
EM F
x Firma Carl Hagenbeck
10Dong Dong
EM M
20 years2002-03-10 Bamo x Banna Shanghai Zoo
11Letzi Mie
EM F
x Aarhus Zoo (Århus Zoologisk Have)
12Jumbo
LA F
54 years1968 x Longleat Safari Park
13Sambo
LA F
54 years1968 x Longleat Safari Park
14Stump
LA F
54 years1968 x Longleat Safari Park
15unknown
EM M
<1957 x 1958-00-00 C.H. Kragh
16Trixie
EM F
x Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
17Guitara
EM F
53 years1969? x 1995-11-15 Longleat Safari Park
18Kismeth
EM F
52 years1970 x 1996-12-31 Louis Lenaerts
19Myriam
EM F
52 years1970 x 1996-12-31 Louis Lenaerts
20Mony (Moni)
EM F
67 years1955 x Circus Holzmüller
21 SSP id: 58 Judy
EM F
52 years1970-05-13 Thonglaw x Pet 1978-09-17 Winston Wildlife Safari
22Elu
EM F
72 years1950? x 2009-04-00 Elephant Nature Park (ENP)
23Aygul
EM F
44 years1978-04-21 Dubas x Palma 1980-00-00 Almaty Zoo (Alma-Ata Zoo)
24Bibi?
EM F
x Copenhagen Zoo
25Trakoun
EM F
x Khmer Rouge cadres labour camp

This database list 133 dead elephants

Nr Sex Species Name Id Status Arrival locationImport
1+ ♂ LA Kilgoris Local id: 445 AERP id: KB 20Born: wild 1987-04.00 x Kizzy Dead:2007-03-00, unknown 2007-01-25 Amboseli National Park
2+ ♂ EM Duke EEP id: 200409 2Born: captive-born 2004-10-17Tarun x Vendi (Vendy) Dead:2006?, unknown intestinal problems2005-00-00 Odessa Zoo
3+ ♀ EM Bambi 43Born: wild 1962 x Dead:2005-03-02, unknown
4+ ⚪ EM unknown 73Born: captive-born 1925 x Dead:1998, disease Rabies
5+ ♀ EM Connie SSP id: 713 22Born: wild 1958 x Dead:1980, unknown 1980-00-00 Carson and Barnes Circus
6+ ♀ EM Sundermala EEP id: 2201 22Born: wild x Dead:1926-12-28 (3 years after arrival), unknown 1923-12-29 London Zoo
7+ ♀ EM Hebe (Babe) SSP id: 2 52Born: wild 1860 x Dead:1912?, unknown 1911-00-00 Barnum and London Circus1871
8+ ♂ LA Jingo 52Born: wild x Dead:1903-03-12, unknown 1903-03-12 Port of Liverpool
9+ ♀ EM Conqueror (Bismarck?) 52Born: wild x Dead:1885?, accident pushed a foot through the floor in Box-car Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
10+ ♂ EM Hannibal 53Born: wild 1812 x Dead:1865-05-06, unknown 1865-00-00 Unknown
11+ ♂ EM Plai EEP id: 911 53Born: wild 1891 x Dead:, unknown Firma Carl Hagenbeck1894
12+ ♀ EM Zohra EEP id: 3401 53Born: captive-born 1933-10-00Kludsk x Birma I (Hamburg, Hamburk) Dead:, unknown 1938-00-00 Hannover Zoo
13+ ♀ EM Sukhi 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1923-11-23 London Zoo
14+ ♀ EM unknown EEP id: 1901 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1919-10-10 London Zoo
15+ ♀ EM unknown EEP id: 1902 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1920-01-02 London Zoo
16+ ♀ EM unknown EEP id: 1903 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1920-00-00 London Zoo
17+ ♀ EM Mariska EEP id: 2002 53Born: wild 1920 x Dead:, unknown 1929-05-01 Budapest Zoo
18+ ♀ EM Sundermoni EEP id: 2202 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1923-11-23 London Zoo
19+ ♂ EM Chang EEP id: 2704 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1929-06-27 London Zoo
20+ ♀ EM unknown EEP id: 3505 53Born: wild 1935 x Dead:, unknown 1946-01-01 Dudley Zoo
21+ ♀ EM Mutu EEP id: 3605 53Born: wild 1936 x Dead:, unknown 1945-07-01 Frankfurt Zoo1938?
22+ ♂ EM Piccolo 53Born: wild 1923 x Dead:, unknown Circus Amar
23+ ♀ EM Maneki EEP id: 4601 53Born: wild 1942 x Dead:, unknown Chipperfield organisation (Chilworth)
24+ ♀ EM Sindy (Cindy) 53Born: wild 1970 x Dead:, unknown Josef Gärtner
25+ ♀ EM Topsy 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
26+ ♀ EM Duna EEP id: 5208 53Born: wild 1949 x Dead:, unknown 1960-10-03 Zoocentrum Moskwa (Objed)
27+ ♀ EM Little Ruth SSP id: 462 53Born: wild 1933 x Dead:, unknown 1971-12-00 Audubon Zoo
28+ ♀ EM unknown SSP id: 479 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1899-07-30 Smithsonian National Zoological Park
29+ ♀ EM Jenny SSP id: 482 53Born: wild 1944 x Dead:, unknown Oklahoma City Zoo
30+ ♂ EM Tom Thumb 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Sparks Circus
31+ ♀ EM Lucy SSP id: T2213 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Central Park Zoo
32+ ♀ EM unknown SSP id: T2338 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
33+ ♀ EM Winkie SSP id: 452 53Born: wild 1958 x Dead:, unknown Hoist Shopping Center
34+ ♀ EM Judy 53Born: wild 1934 x Dead:, unknown 1950-00-00 Haag Circus
35+ ♀ EM Shirley Temple 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Paul Kelly
36+ ♀ EM Barnes Big Ruth SSP id: 703 53Born: wild 1896 x Dead:, unknown 1966-00-00 Animaland (Eddie Billetti)
37+ ⚪ EM Baby Roger SSP id: 660 53Born: wild 1889? x Dead:, unknown 1915-00-00 Roger Williams Park Zoo
38+ ♀ EM Adele 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1960-00-00 Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
39+ ♀ LA Kitty 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Unknown
40+ ♂ EM Riko 53Born: captive-born x Ria Dead:, unknown
41+ ♀ EM Lizzie 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1960-00-00 Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
42+ ♀ EM Mo 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1960-00-00 Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
43+ ♀ EM Mary 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1962-00-00 Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
44+ ♀ EM Wallace Jewel 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1959-00-00 Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
45+ ♀ EM Rannich 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Firma Carl Hagenbeck
46+ ♀ EM Rani 53Born: unknown 1932 x Dead:, unknown Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
47+ ♀ EM Maldaa 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Firma Carl Hagenbeck
48+ ♂ EM unknown 53Born: wild 1928 x Dead:, unknown 1978-00-00 Sri Lanka unspecified location
49+ ♂ EM unknown 53Born: wild 1934 x Dead:, unknown 1979-00-00 Sri Lanka unspecified location
50+ ♀ EM unknown 53Born: wild 1942 x Dead:, unknown Sri Lanka unspecified location
51+ ⚪ EM Bonzo 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Tilburg Zoo
52+ ♀ EM Ranni 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Ermenonville Zoo (Zoo Jean Richard d´Ermenonville)
53+ ♀ EM Penny SSP id: 683 53Born: wild 1945 x Dead:, unknown 1955-00-00 Atlanta Zoo
54+ ♂ EM Sambo 53Born: wild 1933 x Dead:, unknown Hague Zoo (Haagse Dierentuin)
55+ ♀ EM Sally 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Carson and Barnes Circus
56+ ♀ EM Rosie 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Grimsby Zoo
57+ ♀ EM Nekli EEP id: 3407 53Born: wild 1935 x Dead:, unknown 1944-04-07 Poznan Zoo
58+ ⚪ EM unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Charles Mayer
59+ ⚪ EM unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Charles Mayer
60+ ♀ EM unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1932-00-00 Pratap Chandra
61+ ♂ LA Jumbo 53Born: x Dead:, unknown Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
62+ ♀ EM Kaska EEP id: 912 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1891-12-31 Warsaw Zoo (Bagatelle Garden)
63+ ♀ EM Jenny EEP id: 3207 53Born: 1932 x Dead:, unknown 1939-04-00 Warsaw Zoo (Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw)
64+ ♂ LA Hannibal 53Born: wild 1975 x Dead:, unknown probably dead? Circus Arena (Alois Köllner)
65+ ♂ EM Jumbo 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Circus Kossmayer (Willy and Hans Kossmayer)
66+ ⚪ EM unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Peter Ryhiner
67+ ⚪ LA unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1866-00-00 C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
68+ ♀ LA Princess 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown John Robinson Circus1866
69+ ⚪ LA unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1866-00-00 C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
70+ ⚪ LA unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1866-00-00 C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
71+ ⚪ LA unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1866-00-00 C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
72+ ⚪ LA unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1866-00-00 C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
73+ ⚪ EM unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1889-00-00 Carl Hagenbeck Circus1883
74+ ⚪ EM Ceylon 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1889-00-00 Carl Hagenbeck Circus
75+ ♀ EM Mary 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Vienna Zoo
76+ ♀ EM Lissi (Lizzy) 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1958-00-00 Circus Kossmayer (Willy and Hans Kossmayer)
77+ ♀ EM Bambi 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1958-00-00 Circus Kossmayer (Willy and Hans Kossmayer)
78+ ♀ EM Blondie 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1958-00-00 Circus Kossmayer (Willy and Hans Kossmayer)
79+ ♀ EM Minna 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Circus Franz Althoff
80+ ♀ EM Sara 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1968-00-00 Circus Franz Althoff
81+ ♀ EM Baby 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Circus Knie
82+ ♂ EM Jumbo 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Ceylon Zoological Gardens
83+ ♀ LA Little Audrey 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1967-00-00 Animal Kingdom (Bernie Hoffmann)
84+ ♀ EM Unknown SSP id: 393 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Trefflichs Bird and Animal Company
85+ ♀ EM Unknown SSP id: 394 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Trefflichs Bird and Animal Company
86+ ♂ EM Hyder Ali 53Born: captive-born x Great Indian Elephant Dead:, unknown Grand Zoological and Ornithological Exhibition1830-06-00
87+ ♀ EM Jess 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Circus Carl Hagenbeck-Stellingen
88+ ♀ EM Shandra 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown Fossett Brothers Circus (Fossetts Circus)
89+ ♀ EM Nero (Baby Carl, Carl II) 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown Carl G. Fisher
90+ ♀ EM Jane ASMP id: 9 53Born: unknown 1917 x Dead:, unknown 1922-12-22 Sydney Zoo (Moore Park)
91+ ♀ EM Marijon ASMP id: 11 53Born: 1917 x Dead:, unknown 1935-06-07 Sydney Zoo (Moore Park)
92+ ♀ EM Chandra ASMP id: 17 53Born: unknown 1926 x Dead:, unknown 1931-12-00 Perth Zoo
93+ ♂ EM Timour 53Born: unknown 1826 x Dead:, unknown The Zoological Institute1828
94+ ♀ EM Lizzie 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown Thomas Ward
95+ ♀ EM unknown 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown Warwick Castle menagerie
96+ ♀ EM Sunderi 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown Southport Zoo
97+ ♂ EM Blackie 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Fossett Brothers Circus (Fossetts Circus)1947
98+ ♀ LA Mighty Mouse 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown 1977-01-30 Los Angeles Zoo
99+ ♀ EM Monica 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Fossett Brothers Circus (Fossetts Circus)
100+ ♂ EM Moto 53Born: wild 1964 x Dead:, unknown Dreamland Safari Wild Animal Park
101+ ♀ EM Anuka 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown George B. Chapman
102+ ♀ EM Mary 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown George B. Chapman
103+ ♀ EM unknown 53Born: 1931 x Dead:, unknown Belfast Zoo (Bellevue Gardens)
104+ ♀ EM Punchi 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
105+ ♀ EM Mona 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
106+ ♀ EM Letchimy 53Born: unknown x Dead:, unknown Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
107+ ⚪ EM unknown 53Born: x Dead:, unknown Peter Ryhiner
108+ ♀ EM Kim 53Born: wild x Dead:, 1916-00-00 Halifax Zoo
109+ ⚪ LA Hola elephant 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown
110+ ♀ EM Lissy 53Born: wild x Dead:, Firma Carl Hagenbeck
111+ ♀ EM Phyllis 53Born: wild ~1897 x Dead:, age 1955-00-00 Theppakadu Mudumalai Forest Camp (MFC)
112+ ⚪ EM Shemir 53Born: x Dead:, 1890-12-11 Eisfeldts menageri (Circus Leonard)
113+ ⚪ EM Unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, unknown Tote-Em-In Zoo (now Tregembo Animal Park)
114+ ♀ EM Lou 53Born: x Dead:, Stebbing Royal European Circus
115+ ♀ EM Gypsy 53Born: x Dead:, 1895-00-00 Barnum & Bailey Circus
116+ ♂ EM unknown EEP id: 321 53Born: x Dead:, 1833-08-09 London Zoo
117+ ♂ LA Timba 53Born: wild x Dead:, 1977-00-00 Enchanted Village
118+ ♀ EM unknown EEP id: 501 53Born: x Dead:, London Zoo
119+ ♂ EM unknown EEP id: 841 53Born: x Dead:, 1884-12-31 London Zoo
120+ ♂ EM Bosco 53Born: x Dead:, Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Neue Pferdemarkt)
121+ ♀ EM Mary 53Born: x Dead:, Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
122+ ♂ EM Charley (Hassan, Americus) 53Born: x Dead:, Sands, Nathans & Co
123+ ♀ EM Juno 53Born: x Dead:, 1920-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
124+ ♀ EM Wallace Trilby SSP id: 463 53Born: x Dead:, 1971-00-00 Audubon Zoo
125+ ♀ EM Karin 53Born: x Dead:, Cirque Pinder-Jean Richard
126+ ♂ EM Mapitigama tusker 53Born: x Dead:, 1951-00-00 Panamure elephant kraal
127+ ♀ EM unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, 1950-00-00 Panamure elephant kraal
128+ ♀ EM unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, 1950-00-00 Panamure elephant kraal
129+ ⚪ EM unknown 53Born: wild x Dead:, 1950-00-00 Panamure elephant kraal
130+ ♂ EM Ben 53Born: x Dead:, 1906-00-00 Great Wallace Brothers
131+ ♀ EM Tony 53Born: x Dead:, 1906-00-00 Great Wallace Brothers
132+ ⚪ EM killed 53Born: captive-born x Boon Dee (Pang Boontan) Dead:, killed by the mother
133+ ⚪ EM Tempest 53Born: x Dead:, Pagels Circus (William Pagel)

Source for the list of elephants deceased at Unknown

Reference list

Facts about Deceased elephants at Unknown in Unknown, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2021), available online retrieved 26 January 2022 at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=1 (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this list:

Latest updateName of elephantSource (if it is a website, the target website will open in new window)
2020-10-24 Tom Thumb:• Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
2020-10-17 Duna:• Elephants from CR and SR (Zoo Usti nad Labem)
•  Jaroslav Vanìèek
•  Jana Havlová
•  Jonas Livet, France
•  87-year history of elephants maintenance in Kyiv Zoo, Ukraine, by Kirill Trantin, Kiev Zoo
2018-12-10 Baby:• Page 156-157,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2018-12-10 Anuka:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2018-12-09 Adele:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/06/to-henry-penndorf.html
2018-11-12 Jumbo:• Page 51, Savages and beasts: the birth of the modern zoo, by Nigel Rothfels
2018-05-18 Phyllis:• http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/bitstream/1/2056749/1/TNV-962.pdf
2018-05-15 Bosco:• http://www.archive.org/stream/beastsmenbeingca00hage#page/158/mode/2up/search/bosco
•  http://www.archive.org/stream/beastsmenbeingca00hage#page/158/mode/2up/search/bosco
•  César Ortega, La Plata, Argentina, 2008
•  Wild and Dangerous Performances: Animals, Emotions, Circus By P. Tait, page 17
2018-05-10 Rani:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2018-05-10 unknown:• Status of the domestic elephant population in Sri Lanka by Jayantha Jayewardene
2018-05-10 Hannibal:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2b.htm
•  Page 10, 12, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
•  Page 286, Elephants: A Cultural and Natural History, by Karl Groning and Martin Saller
2018-05-09 unknown:• Status of the domestic elephant population in Sri Lanka by Jayantha Jayewardene
2018-05-09 unknown:• Status of the domestic elephant population in Sri Lanka by Jayantha Jayewardene
2018-04-29 Duke:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
•  http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Duke
•  Zoo Odessa, Ukraine: 1,0 Asiatischer Elefant, in: Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Nr. 7 (Mai 2005), S. 18 (zu Dukes Geburt).
•  Von Odessa, Ukraine, in den Circus: 1,0 Asiatisches Elefantenkalb, in: Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Nr. 9 (Mai 2006), S. 22 (zur Abgabe an den Zirkus).
•  Zoogeborenes Elefantenkalb stirbt in einem ukrainischen Circus, in: Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Nr. 10 (Nov. 2006), S. 25.
2018-04-18 Conqueror (Bismarck?):• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Billboard - 25 Mar 1944
•  http://www.daytonhistorybooks.com/zoo.html
•  Jonas Livet, France: http://www.asianelephant.net/cincinnati/cincinnati.htm
2018-03-08 Mary:• Page 146-148,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
•  Andres Araoz
2016-01-05 Barnes Big Ruth:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/09/ruth-2.html
2013-11-13 Lizzie:• http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-24745705
•  Illustrated War News, 9 February 1916, pt. 79, p. 3.
•  http://www.nfa.dept.shef.ac.uk/jungle/index4d3.html
2013-08-06 Nero (Baby Carl, Carl II):• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosie_the_Elephant
•  http://www.miamibeach411.com/History/photo_rosie_the_elephant_3.html
•  https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/fl-xpm-1986-12-21-8603180221-story.html
2013-07-13 Charley (Hassan, Americus):• The elephant in America 1840-1860, by Stuart Thayer, Bandwagon
2013-05-22 Tempest:• http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-june1949.htm
2013-04-16 Ben:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2013-04-16 Tony:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2013-03-22 Mapitigama tusker:• The Last Kraal in Sri Lanka, article by H. I. E. Katugaha, Gajah 29 (2008) 5-10.
•  Elapatha, S. Jnr. (1997) Elephant kraals at Panamure – A historical record. Loris 21: 118-125.
2013-03-22 unknown:• The Last Kraal in Sri Lanka, article by H. I. E. Katugaha, Gajah 29 (2008) 5-10.
•  Elapatha, S. Jnr. (1997) Elephant kraals at Panamure – A historical record. Loris 21: 118-125.
2013-03-22 unknown:• The Last Kraal in Sri Lanka, article by H. I. E. Katugaha, Gajah 29 (2008) 5-10.
•  Elapatha, S. Jnr. (1997) Elephant kraals at Panamure – A historical record. Loris 21: 118-125.
2013-03-22 unknown:• The Last Kraal in Sri Lanka, article by H. I. E. Katugaha, Gajah 29 (2008) 5-10.
•  Elapatha, S. Jnr. (1997) Elephant kraals at Panamure – A historical record. Loris 21: 118-125.
2012-10-31 Jess:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/02/sparks-elephant-acts-6.html
2012-10-31 Mary:• The Ringling Elephants 1888-1968, Bandwagon
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-10-31 Juno:• The Ringling Elephants 1888-1968, Bandwagon
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-10-02 Wallace Trilby:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-09-20 Monica:• Jim Stockley
2012-09-18 Shandra:• Jim Stockley, South Africa.
2012-09-06 Maneki:• Jonas Livet, France
2012-06-16 Zohra:• Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-06-16 Nekli:• Olga Dabrowska, Poznan Zoo, Poland
2012-06-16 Jenny:• Olga Dabrowska, Poznan Zoo, Poland.
2012-06-15 Rosie:• http://www.thisisgrimsby.co.uk/bygones/text/Jumbo-celebration/article-2207641-detail/article.html
•  http://www.thisisgrimsby.co.uk/news/Lions-pride-place-town-zoo/article-2384867-detail/article.html
•  The Life of Arthur Feely - Animal Trainer and Booking Agent with Bostock and Wombwells Menagerie
2012-06-12 Kaska:• Olga Dabrowska, Poznan Zoo, Poland.
2012-04-22 Gypsy:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-04-12 Timour:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-04-11 Hyder Ali:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2b.htm
•  http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2d.htm (Stuart Thayer, USA)
• Page 10, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2012-04-10 Shemir:• http://aforum.genealogi.se/discus/messages/576/242697.html
•  Ann-Charlotte Eisfeldt
2012-04-10 Lou:• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/08/royal-stebbing-circus-1978-3.html
2012-03-31 Kim:• https://www.examinerlive.co.uk/news/history/forgotten-zoo-housing-estate-now-20957370
•  http://www.halifaxpeople.com/Halifax-Zoo.html
2012-03-31 Hola elephant:• https://sverigesradio.se/artikel/6825531
•  Love Dahlén, Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM)
•  Adrian Lister, London Natural History Museum
2012-03-31 Lissy:• Beasts and Men, by Carl Hagenbeck, p 150-151, available online at https://archive.org/details/beastsmenbeingca00hage/page/10/mode/2up
2012-02-27 Sindy (Cindy):• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-02-11 unknown:• 1954 Ceylon Administration report, Sri Lanka national Archives, Colombo.
2011-12-10 Connie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2011-12-08 Jingo:• London Zoo from old photographs, by John C. Edwards 1996, pp. 107
2011-11-27 Blackie:• Pamela Macgregor-Morris, Chipperfield's Circus, published 1957
•  Jim Stockley
2011-10-31 Moto:• Christoffer Brack, Wüppertal, Germany. Facebook: https://web.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100073098771893
2011-10-08 Mary:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2011-10-08 unknown:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2011-10-08 Punchi:• Postcard
2011-10-08 Mona:• Postcard
2011-10-08 Letchimy:• Postcard
2011-05-10 Kitty:• Jaap Reijngoud
2011-05-09 Sally:• http://www.geostan.ca/animals.html
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/05/george-emerson-6.html
2011-01-02 Mighty Mouse:• Zoo records
2010-10-13 unknown:• http://www.warwick-castle.co.uk/entertainment/the-great-outdoors.aspx?css=1
2010-10-13 Sunderi:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-10-01 Shirley Temple:• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/09/arthur-bros-circus-1945-4_06.html
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2009/12/shirley-temple-4.html
2010-05-12 Mo:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/06/to-henry-penndorf.html
2010-03-28 Jumbo:• Page 127, 128, Funfundzwanzig Jahre Ceylonaswx, 1922, by John Hagenbeck.
2010-03-01 Bonzo:• Gerald Postma, Netherlands
2009-12-13 Unknown:• Ryan Easley, USA
2009-12-13 Unknown:• Ryan Easley, USA
2009-12-01 Little Audrey:• Sandy Hoffmann
2009-11-23 Little Ruth:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2006/06/sarasota-quarters-1956-57-7.html
2009-11-14 Hebe (Babe):• Buckles Weblog 1
• Buckles Weblog 2
2009-11-14 Princess:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
•  Page 18, 20, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-11-11 Piccolo:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2009-11-11 Lissi (Lizzy):• Page 148-152,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2009-11-11 Bambi:• Page 148-152,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2009-11-11 Blondie:• Page 148-152,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2009-11-11 Minna:• Page 153,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2009-11-11 Sara:• Page 154,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2009-11-09 Rannich:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-07 Maldaa:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2009-11-07 unknown:• Sports illustrated July 9, 1956
2009-10-14 unknown:• Trapping Wild Animals in Malay Jungles, by Charles Mayer
2009-10-14 unknown:• Trapping Wild Animals in Malay Jungles, by Charles Mayer
2009-10-14 unknown:• Elephants in Art, Architecture andHistory of Orissa, by Debabrata Swain
2008-12-27 Sambo:• Gerald Postma, Netherlands
2008-09-02 Ranni:• Jonas Livet, France
2008-05-20 Lizzie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/06/to-henry-penndorf.html
2008-05-20 Mary:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/06/to-henry-penndorf.html
2008-05-20 Wallace Jewel:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2007-07-24 unknown:• J. C. Danzansky, Washington Zoo
2007-07-19 Judy:• Darren Ruby
2007-05-14 Kilgoris:• https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:jpfZkesucUkJ:https://www.elephanttrust.org/index.php/family-histories-2%3Ftask%3Dcallelement%26format%3Draw%26item_id%3D359%26element%3D1fbffb74-67f1-4dc2-ab9a-12907d07930d%26method%3Ddownload+&cd=17&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=kh


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