Deceased elephants at Unknown in Unknown

This database list 26 assumed dead elephants

NrIdName
Species-Sex
OriginAgeBirthDeath dateParentsArrivalArrival from location
1 SSP id: 58 Judy
EM F
51 years1970-05-13Thonglaw x Pet1978-09-17Winston Wildlife Safari
2Elu
EM F
71 years1950? x 2009-04-00Elephant Nature Park (ENP)
3Aygul
EM F
43 years1978-04-21Dubas x Palma1980-00-00Almaty Zoo (Alma-Ata Zoo)
4Bibi?
EM F
x Copenhagen Zoo
5Merry
EM F
x Zoocentrum Moskwa (Objed)
6Mohan
EM M
51 years1970-12-00 x Chipperfield organisation (Chilworth)
7Samba
EM F
x Zoocentrum Moskwa (Objed)
8Ellen
EM F
x Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
9Kanchana
EM F
~1991 x 2011-12-26FAE Elephant Hospital
10unknown
LA F
39 years1982-01-00? x 1985-05-29Katowice Zoo
11Mimi
LA
44 years1977 x Southampton Zoo
12Fifi
EM F
x 1985-05-15La Palmyre Zoo
13Unknown
EM F
x Firma Carl Hagenbeck
14Dong Dong
EM M
19 years2002-03-10Bamo x BannaShanghai Zoo
15Letzi Mie
EM F
x Aarhus Zoo (Århus Zoologisk Have)
16Jumbo
LA F
53 years1968 x Longleat Safari Park
17Sambo
LA F
53 years1968 x Longleat Safari Park
18Stump
LA F
53 years1968 x Longleat Safari Park
19unknown
EM M
<1957 x 1958-00-00C.H. Kragh
20Trixie
EM F
x Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
21Guitara
EM F
52 years1969? x 1995-11-15Longleat Safari Park
22Kismeth
EM F
51 years1970 x 1996-12-31Louis Lenaerts
23Myriam
EM F
51 years1970 x 1996-12-31Louis Lenaerts
24Mony (Moni)
EM F
66 years1955 x Josef Holzmüller
25Duna
EM F
72 years1949 x 1960-10-03Zoocentrum Moskwa (Objed)
26Trakoun
EM F
x Khmer Rouge cadres labour camp

This database list 131 dead elephants

NrIdName
Species-Sex
AgeBirthDeath dateDeath reasonParentsArrivalArrival from locationImport
1 Local id: 445 AERP id: KB + Kilgoris
LA M
20wild
1987-04.00
2007-03-00 (0 years after arrival)unknown x Kizzy2007-01-25Amboseli National Park
2 EEP id: 200409 + Duke
EM M
2captive-born
2004-10-17
2006? (1 years after arrival)unknown intestinal problemsTarun x Vendi (Vendy)2005-00-00Odessa Zoo
3+ Bambi
EM F
43wild
1962
2005-03-02unknown x
4+ unknown
EM
73captive-born
1925
1998disease Rabies x
5 SSP id: 713 + Connie
EM F
22wild
1958
1980 (0 years after arrival)unknown x 1980-00-00Carson and Barnes Circus
6 EEP id: 2201 + Sundermala
EM F
22wild
1926-12-28 (3 years after arrival)unknown x 1923-12-29London Zoo
7 SSP id: 2 + Hebe (Babe)
EM F
52wild
1860
1912? (1 years after arrival)unknown x 1911-00-00Barnum and London Circus1871
8+ Jingo
LA M
52wild
1903-03-12 (0 years after arrival)unknown x 1903-03-12Port of Liverpool
9+ Conqueror (Bismarck?)
EM F
52wild
1885?accident pushed a foot through the floor in Box-car x Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
10+ Hannibal
EM M
53wild
1812
1865-05-06 (0 years after arrival)unknown x 1865-00-00Unknown
11 EEP id: 911 + Plai
EM M
53wild
1891
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Firma Carl Hagenbeck1894
12 EEP id: 3401 + Zohra
EM F
53captive-born
1933-10-00
(-1938 years after arrival)unknown Kludsk x Birma I (Hamburg, Hamburk)1938-00-00Hannover Zoo
13+ Sukhi
EM F
53wild
(-1923 years after arrival)unknown x 1923-11-23London Zoo
14 EEP id: 1901 + unknown
EM F
53wild
(-1919 years after arrival)unknown x 1919-10-10London Zoo
15 EEP id: 1902 + unknown
EM F
53wild
(-1920 years after arrival)unknown x 1920-01-02London Zoo
16 EEP id: 1903 + unknown
EM F
53wild
(-1920 years after arrival)unknown x 1920-00-00London Zoo
17 EEP id: 2002 + Mariska
EM F
53wild
1920
(-1929 years after arrival)unknown x 1929-05-01Budapest Zoo
18 EEP id: 2202 + Sundermoni
EM F
53wild
(-1923 years after arrival)unknown x 1923-11-23London Zoo
19 EEP id: 2704 + Chang
EM M
53wild
(-1929 years after arrival)unknown x 1929-06-27London Zoo
20 EEP id: 3505 + unknown
EM F
53wild
1935
(-1946 years after arrival)unknown x 1946-01-01Dudley Zoo
21 EEP id: 3605 + Mutu
EM F
53wild
1936
(-1945 years after arrival)unknown x 1945-07-01Frankfurt Zoo1938?
22+ Piccolo
EM M
53wild
1923
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Circus Amar
23 EEP id: 4601 + Maneki
EM F
53wild
1942
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Chipperfield organisation (Chilworth)
24+ Sindy (Cindy)
EM F
53wild
1970
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Josef Gärtner
25+ Topsy
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
26 SSP id: 462 + Little Ruth
EM F
53wild
1933
(-1971 years after arrival)unknown x 1971-12-00Audubon Zoo
27 SSP id: 479 + unknown
EM F
53wild
(-1899 years after arrival)unknown x 1899-07-30Smithsonian National Zoological Park
28 SSP id: 482 + Jenny
EM F
53wild
1944
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Oklahoma City Zoo
29+ Tom Thumb
EM M
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Sparks Circus
30 SSP id: T2213 + Lucy
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Central Park Zoo
31 SSP id: T2338 + unknown
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
32 SSP id: 452 + Winkie
EM F
53wild
1958
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Hoist Shopping Center
33+ Judy
EM F
53wild
1934
(-1950 years after arrival)unknown x 1950-00-00Haag Circus
34+ Shirley Temple
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Paul Kelly
35 SSP id: 660 + Baby Roger
EM
53wild
1889?
(-1915 years after arrival)unknown x 1915-00-00Roger Williams Park Zoo
36+ Adele
EM F
53wild
(-1960 years after arrival)unknown x 1960-00-00Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
37 SSP id: 703 + Barnes Big Ruth
EM F
53wild
1896
(-1966 years after arrival)unknown x 1966-00-00Animaland (Eddie Billetti)
38+ Kitty
LA F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Unknown
39+ Riko
EM M
53captive-born
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Ria
40+ Lizzie
EM F
53wild
(-1960 years after arrival)unknown x 1960-00-00Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
41+ Mo
EM F
53wild
(-1960 years after arrival)unknown x 1960-00-00Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
42+ Mary
EM F
53wild
(-1962 years after arrival)unknown x 1962-00-00Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
43+ Wallace Jewel
EM F
53wild
(-1959 years after arrival)unknown x 1959-00-00Beech Bend Amusement Park (Charles Garvin)
44+ Rannich
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Firma Carl Hagenbeck
45+ Rani
EM F
53unknown
1932
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
46+ Maldaa
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Firma Carl Hagenbeck
47+ unknown
EM M
53wild
1928
(-1978 years after arrival)unknown x 1978-00-00Sri Lanka unspecified location
48+ unknown
EM M
53wild
1934
(-1979 years after arrival)unknown x 1979-00-00Sri Lanka unspecified location
49+ unknown
EM F
53wild
1942
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Sri Lanka unspecified location
50+ Bonzo
EM
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Tilburg Zoo
51+ Ranni
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Ermenonville Zoo (Zoo Jean Richard d´Ermenonville)
52 SSP id: 683 + Penny
EM F
53wild
1945
(-1955 years after arrival)unknown x 1955-00-00Atlanta Zoo
53+ Sambo
EM M
53wild
1933
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Hague Zoo (Haagse Dierentuin)
54+ Sally
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Carson and Barnes Circus
55+ Rosie
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Grimsby Zoo
56 EEP id: 3407 + Nekli
EM F
53wild
1935
(-1944 years after arrival)unknown x 1944-04-07Poznan Zoo
57+ unknown
EM
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Charles Mayer
58+ unknown
EM
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Charles Mayer
59+ unknown
EM F
53wild
(-1932 years after arrival)unknown x 1932-00-00Pratap Chandra
60+ Jumbo
LA M
53
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
61 EEP id: 912 + Kaska
EM F
53wild
(-1891 years after arrival)unknown x 1891-12-31Warsaw Zoo (Bagatelle Garden)
62 EEP id: 3207 + Jenny
EM F
53
1932
(-1939 years after arrival)unknown x 1939-04-00Warsaw Zoo (Ogrod Zoologiczny Warsaw)
63+ Hannibal
LA M
53wild
1975
(0 years after arrival)unknown probably dead? x Circus Arena (Alois Köllner)
64+ Jumbo
EM M
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Circus Kossmayer (Willy and Hans Kossmayer)
65+ unknown
EM
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Peter Ryhiner
66+ unknown
LA
53wild
(-1866 years after arrival)unknown x 1866-00-00C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
67+ Princess
LA F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x John Robinson Circus1866
68+ unknown
LA
53wild
(-1866 years after arrival)unknown x 1866-00-00C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
69+ unknown
LA
53wild
(-1866 years after arrival)unknown x 1866-00-00C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
70+ unknown
LA
53wild
(-1866 years after arrival)unknown x 1866-00-00C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
71+ unknown
LA
53wild
(-1866 years after arrival)unknown x 1866-00-00C. Hagenbecks Handlungs-Menagerie1866
72+ unknown
EM
53wild
(-1889 years after arrival)unknown x 1889-00-00Carl Hagenbeck Circus1883
73+ Ceylon
EM
53wild
(-1889 years after arrival)unknown x 1889-00-00Carl Hagenbeck Circus
74+ Mary
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Vienna Zoo
75+ Lissi (Lizzy)
EM F
53wild
(-1958 years after arrival)unknown x 1958-00-00Circus Kossmayer (Willy and Hans Kossmayer)
76+ Bambi
EM F
53wild
(-1958 years after arrival)unknown x 1958-00-00Circus Kossmayer (Willy and Hans Kossmayer)
77+ Blondie
EM F
53wild
(-1958 years after arrival)unknown x 1958-00-00Circus Kossmayer (Willy and Hans Kossmayer)
78+ Minna
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Circus Franz Althoff
79+ Sara
EM F
53wild
(-1968 years after arrival)unknown x 1968-00-00Circus Franz Althoff
80+ Baby
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Circus Knie
81+ Jumbo
EM M
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Ceylon Zoological Gardens Company
82+ Little Audrey
LA F
53wild
(-1967 years after arrival)unknown x 1967-00-00Animal Kingdom (Bernie Hoffmann)
83 SSP id: 393 + Unknown
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Trefflichs Bird and Animal Company
84 SSP id: 394 + Unknown
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Trefflichs Bird and Animal Company
85+ Shandra
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Fossett Brothers Circus (Fossetts Circus)
86+ Nero (Baby Carl, Carl II)
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Carl G. Fisher
87+ Hyder Ali
EM M
53captive-born
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Great Indian ElephantGrand Zoological and Ornithological Exhibition1830-06-00
88 ASMP id: 9 + Jane
EM F
53unknown
1917
(-1922 years after arrival)unknown x 1922-12-22Sydney Zoo (Moore Park)
89 ASMP id: 11 + Marijon
EM F
53
1917
(-1935 years after arrival)unknown x 1935-06-07Sydney Zoo (Moore Park)
90 ASMP id: 17 + Chandra
EM F
53unknown
1926
(-1931 years after arrival)unknown x 1931-12-00Perth Zoo
91+ Timour
EM M
53unknown
1826
(0 years after arrival)unknown x The Zoological Institute1828
92+ unknown
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Warwick Castle menagerie
93+ Sunderi
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Southport Zoo
94+ Blackie
EM M
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Fossett Brothers Circus (Fossetts Circus)1947
95+ Mighty Mouse
LA F
53wild
(-1977 years after arrival)unknown x 1977-01-30Los Angeles Zoo
96+ Monica
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Fossett Brothers Circus (Fossetts Circus)
97+ Lizzie
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Thomas Ward
98+ Moto
EM M
53wild
1964
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Dreamland Safari Wild Animal Park
99+ Anuka
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x George B. Chapman
100+ Mary
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x George B. Chapman
101+ unknown
EM F
53
1931
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Belfast Zoo (Bellevue Gardens)
102+ Punchi
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
103+ Mona
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
104+ Letchimy
EM F
53unknown
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
105+ unknown
EM
53
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Peter Ryhiner
106+ Kim
EM F
53wild
(-1916 years after arrival) x 1916-00-00Halifax Zoo
107+ Hola elephant
LA
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x
108+ Lissy
EM F
53wild
(0 years after arrival) x Firma Carl Hagenbeck
109+ Phyllis
EM F
53wild
~1897
(-1955 years after arrival)age x 1955-00-00Theppakadu Mudumalai Forest Camp (MFC)
110+ Shemir
EM
53
(-1890 years after arrival) x 1890-12-11Eisfeldts menageri (Circus Leonard)
111+ Unknown
EM
53wild
(0 years after arrival)unknown x Tote-Em-In Zoo (now Tregembo Animal Park)
112+ Lou
EM F
53
(0 years after arrival) x Stebbing Royal European Circus
113+ Bosco
EM M
53
(0 years after arrival) x Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Neue Pferdemarkt)
114+ Gypsy
EM F
53
(-1895 years after arrival) x 1895-00-00Barnum and Bailey Circus
115 EEP id: 321 + unknown
EM M
53
(-1833 years after arrival) x 1833-08-09London Zoo
116+ Timba
LA M
53wild
(-1977 years after arrival) x 1977-00-00Enchanted Village
117 EEP id: 501 + unknown
EM F
53
(0 years after arrival) x London Zoo
118 EEP id: 841 + unknown
EM M
53
(-1884 years after arrival) x 1884-12-31London Zoo
119+ Mary
EM F
53
(0 years after arrival) x Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
120+ Charley (Hassan, Americus)
EM M
53
(0 years after arrival) x Sands, Nathans & Co
121+ Juno
EM F
53
(-1920 years after arrival) x 1920-00-00Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
122 SSP id: 463 + Wallace Trilby
EM F
53
(-1971 years after arrival) x 1971-00-00Audubon Zoo
123+ Karin
EM F
53
(0 years after arrival) x Cirque Pinder-Jean Richard
124+ Mapitigama tusker
EM M
53
(-1951 years after arrival) x 1951-00-00Panamure elephant kraal (Panamura Ethgala)
125+ unknown
EM F
53wild
(-1950 years after arrival) x 1950-00-00Panamure elephant kraal (Panamura Ethgala)
126+ unknown
EM F
53wild
(-1950 years after arrival) x 1950-00-00Panamure elephant kraal (Panamura Ethgala)
127+ unknown
EM
53wild
(-1950 years after arrival) x 1950-00-00Panamure elephant kraal (Panamura Ethgala)
128+ Ben
EM M
53
(-1906 years after arrival) x 1906-00-00Great Wallace Brothers
129+ Tony
EM F
53
(-1906 years after arrival) x 1906-00-00Great Wallace Brothers
130+ killed
EM
53captive-born
(0 years after arrival)killed by the mother x Boon Dee (Pang Boontan)
131+ Tempest
EM
53
(0 years after arrival) x Pagels Circus (William Pagel)

Source for the list of elephants deceased at Unknown

Reference list

Facts about Deceased elephants at Unknown in Unknown, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2021), available online retrieved 29 September 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=1 (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this list:

Latest updateName of elephantSource (if it is a website, the target website will open in new window)
2020-10-24 Tom Thumb:
  • Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2018-12-10 Baby:
  • Page 156-157, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2018-12-10 Anuka:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2018-12-09 Adele:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/06/to-henry-penndorf.html
  • 2018-11-12 Jumbo:
  • Page 51, Savages and beasts: the birth of the modern zoo, by Nigel Rothfels
  • 2018-05-18 Phyllis:
  • http://krishikosh.egranth.ac.in/bitstream/1/2056749/1/TNV-962.pdf
  • 2018-05-15 Bosco:
  • http://www.archive.org/stream/beastsmenbeingca00hage#page/158/mode/2up/search/bosco


  • http://www.archive.org/stream/beastsmenbeingca00hage#page/158/mode/2up/search/bosco


  • César Ortega, La Plata, Argentina, 2008


  • Wild and Dangerous Performances: Animals, Emotions, Circus
    By P. Tait, page 17

  • 2018-05-10 Rani:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo





  • 2018-05-10 unknown:
  • http://www.elephantsinsrilanka.org/docs/status_domestic_elephants_sl_2003.pdf' Status of the domestic elephant population in Sri Lanka by Jayantha Jayewardene



  • 2018-05-10 Hannibal:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.


  • http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2b.htm


  • Page 10, 12, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger

  • Page 286, Elephants: A Cultural and Natural History, by Karl Groning and Martin Saller
  • 2018-05-09 unknown:
  • http://www.elephantsinsrilanka.org/docs/status_domestic_elephants_sl_2003.pdf' Status of the domestic elephant population in Sri Lanka by Jayantha Jayewardene

  • 2018-05-09 unknown:
  • http://www.elephantsinsrilanka.org/docs/status_domestic_elephants_sl_2003.pdf' Status of the domestic elephant population in Sri Lanka by Jayantha Jayewardene


  • 2018-04-29 Duke:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands


  • http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Duke


  • Zoo Odessa, Ukraine: 1,0 Asiatischer Elefant, in: Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Nr. 7 (Mai 2005), S. 18 (zu Dukes Geburt).


  • Von Odessa, Ukraine, in den Circus: 1,0 Asiatisches Elefantenkalb, in: Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Nr. 9 (Mai 2006), S. 22 (zur Abgabe an den Zirkus).


  • Zoogeborenes Elefantenkalb stirbt in einem ukrainischen Circus, in: Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Nr. 10 (Nov. 2006), S. 25.
  • 2018-04-18 Conqueror (Bismarck?):
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.


  • Billboard - 25 Mar 1944


  • http://www.daytonhistorybooks.com/zoo.html


  • http://www.asianelephant.net/" Jonas Livet, France: http://www.asianelephant.net/cincinnati/cincinnati.htm
  • 2018-03-08 Mary:
  • Page 146-148, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf


  • Andres Araoz
  • 2016-01-05 Barnes Big Ruth:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/09/ruth-2.html
  • 2013-11-13 Lizzie:
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-24745705


  • Illustrated War News, 9 February 1916, pt. 79, p. 3.


  • http://www.nfa.dept.shef.ac.uk/jungle/index4d3.html
  • 2013-08-06 Nero (Baby Carl, Carl II):
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosie_the_Elephant


  • http://www.miamibeach411.com/History/photo_rosie_the_elephant_3.html


  • https://www.sun-sentinel.com/news/fl-xpm-1986-12-21-8603180221-story.html
  • 2013-07-13 Charley (Hassan, Americus):
  • The elephant in America 1840-1860, by Stuart Thayer, http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/BW.htm'>Bandwagon
  • 2013-05-22 Tempest:
  • http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-june1949.htm
  • 2013-04-16 Ben:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2013-04-16 Tony:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2013-03-22 Mapitigama tusker:
  • The Last Kraal in Sri Lanka, article by H. I. E. Katugaha, Gajah 29 (2008) 5-10.


  • Elapatha, S. Jnr. (1997) Elephant kraals at Panamure – A historical record. Loris 21: 118-125.
  • 2013-03-22 unknown:
  • The Last Kraal in Sri Lanka, article by H. I. E. Katugaha, Gajah 29 (2008) 5-10.


  • Elapatha, S. Jnr. (1997) Elephant kraals at Panamure – A historical record. Loris 21: 118-125.
  • 2013-03-22 unknown:
  • The Last Kraal in Sri Lanka, article by H. I. E. Katugaha, Gajah 29 (2008) 5-10.


  • Elapatha, S. Jnr. (1997) Elephant kraals at Panamure – A historical record. Loris 21: 118-125.
  • 2013-03-22 unknown:
  • The Last Kraal in Sri Lanka, article by H. I. E. Katugaha, Gajah 29 (2008) 5-10.


  • Elapatha, S. Jnr. (1997) Elephant kraals at Panamure – A historical record. Loris 21: 118-125.
  • 2012-10-31 Mary:
  • The Ringling Elephants 1888-1968, http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/BW.htm'>Bandwagon


  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2012-10-31 Juno:
  • The Ringling Elephants 1888-1968, http://www.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/BW.htm'>Bandwagon


  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2012-10-02 Wallace Trilby:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2012-09-20 Monica:
  • Jim Stockley
  • 2012-09-18 Shandra:
  • Jim Stockley, South Africa.
  • 2012-09-06 Maneki:
  • http://www.asianelephant.net/" Jonas Livet, France
  • 2012-06-16 Zohra:
  • Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2012-06-16 Nekli:
  • Olga Dabrowska, Poznan Zoo, Poland
  • 2012-06-16 Jenny:
  • Olga Dabrowska, Poznan Zoo, Poland.
  • 2012-06-15 Rosie:
  • http://www.thisisgrimsby.co.uk/bygones/text/Jumbo-celebration/article-2207641-detail/article.html

  • http://www.thisisgrimsby.co.uk/news/Lions-pride-place-town-zoo/article-2384867-detail/article.html

  • http://www.nfa.dept.shef.ac.uk/history/invited_articles/bostock.html">The Life of Arthur Feely - Animal Trainer and Booking Agent with Bostock and Wombwells Menagerie
  • 2012-06-12 Kaska:
  • Olga Dabrowska, Poznan Zoo, Poland.
  • 2012-04-22 Gypsy:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2012-04-12 Timour:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2012-04-11 Hyder Ali:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.


  • http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2b.htm


  • http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2d.htm (Stuart Thayer, USA)
  • Page 10, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2012-04-10 Shemir:
  • http://aforum.genealogi.se/discus/messages/576/242697.html


  • Ann-Charlotte Eisfeldt
  • 2012-04-10 Lou:
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/08/royal-stebbing-circus-1978-3.html
  • 2012-03-31 Kim:
  • https://www.examinerlive.co.uk/news/history/forgotten-zoo-housing-estate-now-20957370


  • http://www.halifaxpeople.com/Halifax-Zoo.html
  • 2012-03-31 Hola elephant:
  • https://sverigesradio.se/artikel/6825531


  • Love Dahlén, Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM)


  • Adrian Lister, London Natural History Museum
  • 2012-03-31 Lissy:
  • Beasts and Men, by Carl Hagenbeck, p 150-151, available online at https://archive.org/details/beastsmenbeingca00hage/page/10/mode/2up
  • 2012-02-27 Sindy (Cindy):
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2012-02-11 unknown:
  • 1954 Ceylon Administration report, Sri Lanka national Archives, Colombo.
  • 2011-12-10 Connie:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2011-12-08 Jingo:
  • http://www.amazon.com/dp/0952709902?tag=elephantconsulta&camp=14573&creative=327641&linkCode=as1&creativeASIN=0952709902&adid=036H16M3HWMS9APTYVD6&">London Zoo from old photographs, by John C. Edwards 1996, pp. 107
  • 2011-11-27 Blackie:
  • Pamela Macgregor-Morris, Chipperfield's Circus, published 1957


  • Jim Stockley
  • 2011-10-08 Mary:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2011-10-08 unknown:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2011-10-08 Punchi:
  • Postcard
  • 2011-10-08 Mona:
  • Postcard
  • 2011-10-08 Letchimy:
  • Postcard
  • 2011-05-10 Kitty:
  • Jaap Reijngoud
  • 2011-05-09 Sally:
  • http://www.geostan.ca/animals.html
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/05/george-emerson-6.html
  • 2011-01-02 Mighty Mouse:
  • Zoo records
  • 2010-10-13 unknown:
  • http://www.warwick-castle.co.uk/entertainment/the-great-outdoors.aspx?css=1
  • 2010-10-13 Sunderi:
  • http://www.facebook.com/profile.php?id=1450584365">Peter Stolk, Netherlands
  • 2010-10-01 Shirley Temple:
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/09/arthur-bros-circus-1945-4_06.html

  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2009/12/shirley-temple-4.html
  • 2010-05-12 Mo:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/06/to-henry-penndorf.html
  • 2010-03-28 Jumbo:
  • Page 127, 128, Funfundzwanzig Jahre Ceylonaswx, 1922, by John Hagenbeck.
  • 2010-03-01 Bonzo:
  • http://www.olifantenhuis.com/" Gerald Postma, Netherlands
  • 2009-12-13 Unknown:
  • http://showmeelephants.blogspot.com/">Ryan Easley, USA
  • 2009-12-13 Unknown:
  • http://showmeelephants.blogspot.com/">Ryan Easley, USA
  • 2009-12-01 Little Audrey:
  • Sandy Hoffmann
  • 2009-11-23 Little Ruth:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2006/06/sarasota-quarters-1956-57-7.html
  • 2009-11-14 Hebe (Babe):
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/09/hebe-and-young-america.html">Buckles Weblog 1
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/07/barnum-bailey-greatest-show-on-earth-10.html">Buckles Weblog 2
  • 2009-11-14 Princess:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.


  • Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim


  • Page 18, 20, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2009-11-11 Piccolo:
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2009-11-11 Lissi (Lizzy):
  • Page 148-152, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2009-11-11 Bambi:
  • Page 148-152, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2009-11-11 Blondie:
  • Page 148-152, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2009-11-11 Minna:
  • Page 153, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2009-11-11 Sara:
  • Page 154, Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
  • 2009-11-09 Rannich:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • 2009-11-09 unknown:
  • Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
  • 2009-11-09 unknown:
  • Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
  • 2009-11-09 unknown:
  • Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
  • 2009-11-09 unknown:
  • Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
  • 2009-11-09 unknown:
  • Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
  • 2009-11-07 Maldaa:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • 2009-11-07 unknown:
  • http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/vault/article/magazine/MAG1132029/2/index.htm">Sports illustrated July 9, 1956
  • 2009-10-14 unknown:
  • Trapping Wild Animals in Malay Jungles, by Charles Mayer
  • 2009-10-14 unknown:
  • Trapping Wild Animals in Malay Jungles, by Charles Mayer
  • 2009-10-14 unknown:
  • Elephants in Art, Architecture andHistory of Orissa, by Debabrata Swain
  • 2008-12-27 Sambo:
  • http://www.olifantenhuis.com/" Gerald Postma, Netherlands
  • 2008-09-02 Ranni:
  • http://www.asianelephant.net/" Jonas Livet, France
  • 2008-05-20 Lizzie:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/06/to-henry-penndorf.html
  • 2008-05-20 Mary:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/06/to-henry-penndorf.html
  • 2008-05-20 Wallace Jewel:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • 2007-07-24 unknown:
  • J. C. Danzansky, Washington Zoo
  • 2007-07-19 Judy:
  • http://www.darrenruby.com/haag_history_details.htm">Darren Ruby
  • 2007-05-14 Kilgoris:
  • https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:jpfZkesucUkJ:https://www.elephanttrust.org/index.php/family-histories-2%3Ftask%3Dcallelement%26format%3Draw%26item_id%3D359%26element%3D1fbffb74-67f1-4dc2-ab9a-12907d07930d%26method%3Ddownload+&cd=17&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=kh


  • Search more with Google for Unknown


    Search more on the Internet Web for Unknown

    Categories in Unknown | Unknown portal


    Elephant Encyclopedia and database
    ELEPHANT
    ENCYCLOPEDIA

    Established 1995
    ELEPHANT
    DATABASE
    Established 2006
    Search for keywords
    Your ip: 3.239.58.199