Relocated elephants from Firma Carl Hagenbeck in Germany


Firma Carl Hagenbeck had previously 129 elephants relocated to new location.

Nr Sex Species Name Id Status Arrival
Departure
Present locationImport
1 † ♀ EM - Manyula
dead: Born wild 1950 Dead: 2010-09-21, 60 yrs Reason: age: cardiac/respiratory arrest due to kidney failure 1954-04-00
San Salvador Zoo (Parque Zoológico Nacional de San Salvador) 1955
2 † ♂ EM - Sultan II
EEP id: 4901
dead: Born wild 1945-00-00 Dead: 1979-03-27, 34 yrs Reason: disease: Infection
1945-00-00
Budapest Zoo 1948?
3 † ♀ EM - Kala
EEP id: 3514
dead: Born wild 1935 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1938-00-00
Firma Ruhe 1938?
4 † ♀ EM - Mutu
EEP id: 3605
dead: Born wild 1936 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1938-00-00
Unknown 1938?
5 † ♀ EM - Sandry
dead: Born wild ~1934 Dead: 1987-07-10, ? yrs Reason: age: weak, age related problems 1938-00-00
1938-00-00
Circus Knie 1938?
6 † ♀ EM - Latschini
EEP id: 3515
dead: Born wild 1935 Dead: 1940-08-15, 5 yrs Reason: unknown:
1938-00-00
Frankfurt Zoo 1938?
7 † ♀ EM - Bambina
EEP id: 3710
dead: Born wild 1937 Dead: 1967-01-22, 30 yrs Reason: disease: sepsis foot problem
Stockholm Zoo (Skansen) 1938?
8 † ♂ EM - Baby
EEP id: 3302
dead: Born wild 1932 Dead: 1960-06-00, 28 yrs Reason: unknown: 1933-00-00
1933-00-00
Kiev Zoo 1933
9 † ♀ EM - Minnie
SSP id: 567
dead: Born wild Dead: 1978-07-00, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
0000-00-00
Moorpark College Exotic Animal Training and Management (EATM) Program 1923
10 † ♀ EM - Dolly
dead: Born wild Dead: 1950-03-29, ? yrs Reason: anesthesia: shot
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus 1923
11 † ♀ EM - Ringling Rosy
dead: Born Dead: 1942-08-04, ? yrs Reason: accident: died in Cleveland Menagerie Fire
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus 1923
12 † ♀ EM - Baby
dead: Born wild 1911? Dead: 1918, 7 yrs Reason: unknown: war related? 1912-00-00
1912-00-00
Circus Durov (Animal Theater V.L. Durov Nook) 1912?
13 † ♂ LA - Toto
dead: Born wild Dead: 1939, ? yrs Reason: disease: 1910-00-00
1910-00-00
Rome Zoo 1910
14 † ♀ LA - Sultana
SSP id: 305
dead: Born wild 1905 Dead: 1919-12-27, 14 yrs Reason: euthanised: foot problems?
1907-06-25
Bronx Zoo 1907?
15 † ♂ LC - Congo
SSP id: 302
dead: Born wild 1900 Dead: 1915-11-03, 15 yrs Reason: euthanised: shot; foot probelms
1904-00-00
Bronx Zoo 1905?
16 † ♀ EM - Ella
dead: Born wild 1901? Dead: 1918, 17 yrs Reason: accident: tornardo
Sun Brothers Circus 1902?
17 † ♀ EM - Veneda
EEP id: 0202
dead: Born wild Dead: 1942-10-15, ? yrs Reason: shot: Musculoskeletal 1902-00-00
1902-00-00
Frankfurt Zoo 1902
18 † ♀ EM - Salt
dead: Born wild Dead: 1952-10-05, ? yrs Reason: disease: pneumonia 1947-00-00
1898-00-00
Ringlands Circus (Big Tom Fosset) 1898?
19 † ♀ EM - Vinager
dead: Born wild Dead: 1921?, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Herbert Taylor 1898?
20 † ♀ EM - Mustard II
dead: Born wild Dead: 1905?, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Herbert Taylor 1898?
21 † ♂ EM - Plai
EEP id: 911
dead: Born wild 1891 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1899-09-08
Unknown 1894
22 † ♀ LA - Mary
dead: Born wild 1875 Dead: 1924-02-02, 49 yrs Reason: unknown: 1888-00-00
1888-00-00
Berlin Zoo 1888
23 † ⚪ EM - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1883-00-00
1883-00-00
Unknown 1883
24 † ⚪ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Berlin Zoo 1879
25 † ⚪ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Berlin Zoo 1879
26 † ♂ EM - Baldy
SSP id: 375
dead: Born wild 1878 Dead: 1916, 38 yrs Reason: unknown: 1879-00-00
1879-00-00
Ringling Bros. Circus 1879
27 † ♀ EM - Reynolds Jennie
dead: Born wild Dead: 1918-05-17, ? yrs Reason: unknown: in Columbus, Ohio 1879-00-00
1879-00-00
Ringling Bros. Circus 1879
28 † ♂ LA - Mike
dead: Born wild Dead: 1907-12-19, ? yrs Reason: accident: burned to death
Ringling Bros. Circus 1875-1877?
29 † ♂ LA - Ali
dead: Born wild Dead: 1882?, ? yrs Reason: pathological: lung problems 1874-00-00
1875-00-00
Budapest Zoo 1875
30 † ♀ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: 1875-03-00, ? yrs Reason: disease:
1874-00-00
Hannover Zoo 1874?
31 † ♀ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: 1891, ? yrs Reason: euthanised:
1874-00-00
Hannover Zoo 1874?
32 † ♀ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild 1870 Dead: 1873-12-00, 3 yrs Reason: accident: suffocated
1872-00-00
Hannover Zoo 1872?
33 † ♂ LA - Neptun
dead: Born wild Dead: 1883-04-02, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: poisoned with Potassium cyanide 1870-00-00
1870-00-00
Vienna Zoo 1870?
34 † ⚪ LA - Unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1870-00-00
1870-00-00
Dresden Zoo 1870
35 † ♀ LA - Annie
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1867-00-00
1867-00-00
Adam Forepaugh Circus 1867
36 † ♂ LA - Bismarck
dead: Born wild 1865? Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1866-00-00
Adam Forepaugh Circus 1866
37 † ♀ LA - Princess
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1866-00-00
1866-00-00
Unknown 1866
38 † ⚪ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1866-00-00
1866-00-00
Unknown 1866
39 † ⚪ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1866-00-00
1866-00-00
Unknown 1866
40 † ⚪ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1866-00-00
1866-00-00
Unknown 1866
41 † ⚪ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1866-00-00
1866-00-00
Unknown 1866
42 † ⚪ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1866-00-00
1866-00-00
Unknown 1866
43 † ♀ LA - Alice
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1865-00-00
1865-00-00
Barnum & Bailey Circus 1865?
44 † ♀ LA - Jenny
dead: Born wild 1865 Dead: 1882, 17 yrs Reason: unknown: 1865-00-00
1865-00-00
Berlin Zoo 1865
45 † ⚪ LA - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: 1860, ? yrs Reason: : stucked 1860-00-00
1860-00-00
Hamburg Natural History Museum 1860
46 ♀ EM - Mara
unknown: Born wild 1969
Elephant Sanctuary Brazil (ESB)
47 † ♀ EM - Jenny
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
0000-00-00
South America unspecified circus
48 † ♀ EM - Icky
dead: Born wild Dead: 1979, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Circus World (Polk City)
49 † ♀ EM - Mena
dead: Born wild Dead: 1943-10-25, ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
Kelly Miller Circus
50 † ♀ EM - Tess (Tessie)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1940-09-27, ? yrs Reason: disease: Tetanus and Lung problems
1897-00-00
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
51 † ♀ EM - Mama Mary (Mom)
SSP id: 12
dead: Born wild 1874 Dead: 1933-11-09, 59 yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
0000-00-00
Dixie Dime Circus
52 † ♂ EM - Tommy
dead: Born wild 1905 Dead: 1935-08-22, 30 yrs Reason: euthanised: executed by Police Chief Edward Hobbs in Peru, IN Winterquarters
Al G. Barnes Circus
53 † ♀ EM - Tillie
dead: Born wild Dead: 1947, ? yrs Reason: disease: uremic poisoning
Dailey Bros. Circus
54 † ♀ EM - Bughouse Alice
SSP id: 376
dead: Born wild 1882 Dead: 1933, 51 yrs Reason: unknown: 1886-00-00
1888-00-00
Christy Brothers Circus
55 † ♀ EM - Rannich
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1905-00-00
Unknown
56 † ♀ EM - Maldaa
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1883-00-00
Unknown
57 † ♀ EM - Lissy
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: : 1868-00-00
Unknown
58 † ♀ EM - Maude
SSP id: 622
dead: Born wild Dead: 1933-10-01, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1902-10-01
Atlanta Zoo
59 † ♂ EM - Albert
dead: Born wild Dead: 1896, ? yrs Reason: killed: shot because of aggressiveness.
Frankfurt Zoo
60 † ♀ EM - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: 1892, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
1888-00-00
Berlin Zoo
61 † ♀ EM - Lilly (Lilli)
dead: Born wild 1860 Dead: 1911-05-00, 51 yrs Reason: disease: pneumonia
1863-07-08
Dresden Zoo
62 † ♂ EM - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: euthanised: killed by hanging
Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Neue Pferdemarkt)
63 † ♂ EM - Bosco
dead: Born Dead: , ? yrs Reason: :
Unknown
64 † ♀ EM - Dolly
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: : 0000-00-00
0000-00-00
Famous Hunt Circus
65 † ♀ EM - Blanche
dead: Born wild 1895 Dead: 1965, 70 yrs Reason: age: 0000-00-00
0000-00-00
Elephant Encounters (Bill Morris)
66 † ♂ EM - Sahib (August)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1968-03-17, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: pain because of inflammation in soles of both front feet 1958-00-00
Circus Atlas (Circus Frankello)
67 † ♀ EM - Pooly (Pulley, Puly, Patho)
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: :
Bellini Zoo
68 † ♀ EM - Hungoly
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Bloemfontein Zoo
69 † ♀ EM - Ringling Nellie
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: :
1910-00-00
Cuba unspecified location
70 † ♀ EM - Shanti
dead: Born wild 1947 Dead: 1975-06-29, 28 yrs Reason: disease: sepsis and fracture in pelvis after fights 1950-00-00
1950-00-00
Berlin Zoo
71 † ♀ EM - Safari
dead: Born wild 1926 Dead: 1976-02-12, 50 yrs Reason: age:
Dresden Zoo
72 † ♀ EM - Wallace Pinto
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
1904-03-00
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
73 † ♀ EM - Frieda
dead: Born wild Dead: 1956, ? yrs Reason: disease: Cerebral hemmorage
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
74 † ♀ EM - Yasso (Jasso)
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Hickory Tree Wild Animal farm
75 † ♀ EM - Barnes Trilby
dead: Born wild 1902 Dead: 1952-07-01, 50 yrs Reason: unknown: in Davenport, Iowa 1904-00-00
1904-00-00
Mills Brothers Circus
76 † ♀ EM - Magiula (Manjoulah)
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: :
Circus Darix Togni
77 † ♀ EM - Jenny
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: :
Circus Darix Togni
78 † ♀ EM - Lechmey
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Boswell Circus
79 † ♀ EM - Kathol
dead: Born unknown Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Boswell Circus
80 † ♂ EM - Charlie Ed
SSP id: T2031
dead: Born wild 1910 Dead: 1937-06-19, 27 yrs Reason: euthanised: shot, agressive
San Francisco Zoo
81 † ♀ EM - Tony
dead: Born wild Dead: 1957, ? yrs Reason: : 1939-00-00
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
82 † ♀ EM - Roma I
EEP id: 1803
dead: Born wild 1905-1910 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
Circus Carl Hagenbeck-Stellingen
83 † ♂ LA - Jumbo II (Safari)
SSP id: 308
dead: Born wild 1924 Dead: 1936-11-26, 12 yrs Reason: disease: Tuberculosis
1927-00-00
Cole Brothers Circus
84 † ♀ EM - Topsy
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
1904-03-00
South America unspecified circus
85 † ♀ EM - Roma II
dead: Born wild Dead: 1934-01-03, ? yrs Reason: accident: burning fire in Paris stables 1928-00-00
1928-00-00
Paris Zoo Vincennes
86 † ♂ EM - Black Diamond
dead: Born wild 1897 Dead: 1929-10-16, 32 yrs Reason: shot: execution by gunshot 0000-00-00
0000-00-00
Al G. Barnes Circus
87 † ♀ EM - Mabel
dead: Born unknown Dead: 1941-11-06, ? yrs Reason: disease: poisoned 1923-11-00
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
88 † ♀ EM - Barnum Queen
dead: Born wild 1894? Dead: 1942?, 48 yrs Reason: unknown:
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
89 † ♀ EM - Jess
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1921-04-00
1921-04-00
Unknown
90 † ♀ EM - Mom (Moms)
dead: Born Dead: 1923, ? yrs Reason: unknown: 0000-00-00
0000-00-00
Rice Brothers Circus
91 † ♂ EM - Todles
dead: Born wild Dead: 1917, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Great J. E. Henry Show
92 † ♂ EM - Rio (Ryo)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1928-06-20, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: executed in New Haven Conn. after stampade
1910-00-00
Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
93 † ♂ EM - Monte
dead: Born Dead: 1911-05-01, ? yrs Reason: killed: in Dixon, KS
1904-03-00
Kit Carson Show
94 † ♂ EM - Tommy
dead: Born wild Dead: 1919, ? yrs Reason: pathological: tetanus, after stepping on a rusty nail?
Atterbury Brothers Circus
95 † ♀ EM - Mama
dead: Born Dead: , ? yrs Reason: :
1897-00-00
Don Robinson circus
96 † ♀ EM - Princess Alice
SSP id: 8
dead: Born wild 1884 Dead: 1953-03-30, 69 yrs Reason: unknown: 1904-00-00
1904-00-00
Hogle Zoo (Salt City Zoo)
97 † ♂ EM - Josky
dead: Born wild Dead: 1913-04-00, ? yrs Reason: accident: in the Floods in Peru, Indiana
Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus
98 † ♀ EM - Trilby
dead: Born wild Dead: 1913-04-00, ? yrs Reason: accident: in the Floods in Peru, Indiana
1904-03-00
Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus
99 † ♀ EM - Nancy
dead: Born wild Dead: 1913-04-00, ? yrs Reason: accident: in the Floods in Peru, Indiana
1904-03-00
Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus
100 † ♀ EM - Baby Jumbo
dead: Born captive-born Dead: 1913-04-00, ? yrs Reason: accident: in the Floods in Peru
Hagenbeck-Wallace Circus
101 † ♀ EM - Alice (Al, Luna)
SSP id: 391
dead: Born wild 1893 Dead: 1943-08-27, 50 yrs Reason: unknown: 1904-00-00
1904-00-00
Bronx Zoo
102 † ♀ EM - Floto
dead: Born Dead: 1921-11-19, ? yrs Reason: euthanised: execution by gunshot
1903-00-00
Sells-Floto Circus
103 † ♂ EM - Snyder
SSP id: 7
dead: Born wild 1897 Dead: 1920-09-13, 23 yrs Reason: euthanised: shot in Salinas, aggressive, mankiller
Sells-Floto Circus
104 † ♂ LA - Jingo
dead: Born wild Dead: 1903-03-12, ? yrs Reason: unknown: 1882-00-00
1882-00-00
Unknown
105 † ♀ EM - Clara
dead: Born wild 1893 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Johnny J. Jones Exposition
106 † ♀ EM - Unknown
Assumed dead: Born wild
1899-09-08
Unknown
107 † ♀ EM - Lizzie
dead: Born Dead: 1920-10-24, ? yrs Reason: disease:
1897-00-00
Wirth Circus
108 † ♂ EM - Teodor (Mlo)
EEP id: 702
dead: Born wild Dead: 1896-07-15, ? yrs Reason: : 1888-00-00
1888-00-00
Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
109 † ♀ EM - Kiri
dead: Born wild 1930 Dead: 1960-05-24, 30 yrs Reason: disease: elephant smallpox
Leipzig Zoo
110 † ♀ EM - Old Pitt (Petit)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1943-08-06, ? yrs Reason: accident: killed by lightning
Cole Brothers Circus
111 † ♀ EM - Aga
dead: Born Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Sir Robert Fossetts Circus
112 † ♀ EM - Paulina
SSP id: 570
dead: Born wild 1885 Dead: 1950-01-26, 65 yrs Reason: unknown:
1928-06-20
Belle Isle Nature Zoo (Safariland, Detroit Zoo)
113 † ♀ EM - Aneta
SSP id: 569
dead: Born wild 1924 Dead: 1943-12-29, 19 yrs Reason: unknown:
1928-06-20
Belle Isle Nature Zoo (Safariland, Detroit Zoo)
114 † ♀ EM - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Circus Carl Hagenbeck-Stellingen
115 † ♀ EM - unknown
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Circus Carl Hagenbeck-Stellingen
116 † ♀ EM - Tony
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
John Robinson Circus
117 † ♀ EM - Minnie (Minni)
dead: Born wild Dead: 1924-02-11, ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Rome Zoo
118 † ♀ EM - Hagenbeck Jennie
dead: Born Dead: , ? yrs Reason: :
1910-00-00
Forepaugh-Sells Show
119 † ♂ LA - Khartoum
SSP id: 304
dead: Born wild 1903 Dead: 1931-10-23, 28 yrs Reason: disease: heart failure
1907-06-25
Bronx Zoo
120 † ♀ EM - Topsy
dead: Born 1896? Dead: 1909?, 13 yrs Reason: :
Cuneos menageri (John G. Cuneo)
121 † ♂ EM - Gunda
SSP id: 399
dead: Born wild 1897 Dead: 1915-06-21, 18 yrs Reason: euthanised: shot, aggressive 1903-00-00
Bronx Zoo
122 † ♀ EM - Lizzie (Empress)
SSP id: 432
dead: Born wild 1898 Dead: 1940-06-24, 42 yrs Reason: unknown:
1902-05-15
Philadelphia Zoo
123 † ♀ EM - Ella
dead: Born wild Dead: 1901-06-28, ? yrs Reason: accident: lightning
Great Wallace Brothers
124 † ♂ EM - Bosco
dead: Born wild Dead: 1923, ? yrs Reason: disease: died from eating poisoned grass in Dumfries, Scotland
Pinders Circus
125 † ⚪ EM - Ceylon
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Unknown
126 † ♂ EM - Bosco
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: :
Unknown
127 † ♀ EM - Nayan
dead: Born wild 1879 Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Buenos Aires Zoo
128 † ♀ EM - Meni
dead: Born wild Dead: , ? yrs Reason: unknown:
Carl Hagenbecks Tierpark (Stellingen)
129 † ♂ EM - Siam (Sayan)
dead: Born wild 1859 Dead: 1909-03-28, 50 yrs Reason: euthanised: aggressive, mankiller
Buenos Aires Zoo

Source for the list of elephants relocated, previously living at Firma Carl Hagenbeck

Reference list

Facts about previously kept elephants, relocated from Firma Carl Hagenbeck in Germany, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2023), available online retrieved 2 December 2023 at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=1003 (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this list:

Latest updateName of elephantSource (if it is a website, the target website will open in new window)
2021-01-31 Albert:• http://www.fws-ffm.de/Frankfurter%20Wilde%20Tiere.htm
•  http://igsherder-blog.de/es-gibt-keine-elefanten-im-zoo/
2020-10-17 Baby:• Saminda Prashath, Colombo
•  Elephants from CR and SR (Zoo Usti nad Labem)
•  Jana Havlová
•  87-year history of elephants maintenance in Kyiv Zoo, Ukraine, by Kirill Trantin, Kiev Zoo
2020-10-15 Baby:• Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 33/2019, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-31-35/
2020-10-11 Manyula:• Jonas Livet, France
•  Flor García, El Salvador Zoo
•  El Salvador’s search for new jumbo begins in Calcutta, again
2020-05-09 Mara:• https://www.infobae.com/sociedad/2020/05/07/la-elefanta-mara-sera-trasladada-al-santuario-de-brasil-este-sabado/
2020-05-09 Sandry:• Page 130,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
•  100 Jahre Knie Elefanten, by Franco Knie and Kurt Müller.
2018-05-16 Princess Alice:• http://www.deseretnews.com/article/700066922/Hogle-Zoo-history-full-of-cute-cuddly-cantankerous-critters.html
•  Page 125 Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2018-05-16 Barnes Trilby:• The Ringling Elephants 1888-1967, Bandwagon
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2009/11/trilby-tessie.html
•  Buckles Woodcock
•  https://classic.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-1964Mar.htm
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/12/chris-zeitz-2.html
2018-05-16 Alice (Al, Luna):• Richard Chiger
•  Ryan Easley, USA
2018-05-16 Salt:• http://www.canterburypeople.co.uk/news/Circus-elephant-rsquo-s-sad-death-recalled/story-10927831-detail/story.html
•  The Legend of Salt and Sauce, by Jamie Clubb, 2009
• Jamie Club Weblog
2018-05-16 Monte:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2018-05-15 unknown:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
•  https://classic.circushistory.org/Query/Query06l.htm
2018-05-15 unknown:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
•  https://classic.circushistory.org/Query/Query06l.htm
2018-05-15 Bosco:• http://www.archive.org/stream/beastsmenbeingca00hage#page/158/mode/2up/search/bosco
•  http://www.archive.org/stream/beastsmenbeingca00hage#page/158/mode/2up/search/bosco
•  César Ortega, La Plata, Argentina, 2008
•  Wild and Dangerous Performances: Animals, Emotions, Circus By P. Tait, page 17
•  <a href="https://books.google.com.kh/books?id=s8EDEAAAQBAJ&pg=PA15&lpg=PA15&dq=%22elephant%22+%22bosco%22+%22circus%22&source=bl&ots=s6zpe7ywZW&sig=ACfU3U3qLQk32qHha2-PAR5ss6q0Cw2Z4Q&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjzsObno7r6AhXWmVYBHfpMAQ44HhDoAXoECBMQAw#v=onepage&q=%22elephant%22%20%22bosco%22%20%22circus%22&f=false">Lieut. Suresh Biswas: His Life and Adventures, by H. Dutt</a>
•  http://messybeast.com/captive-animals/hagenbeck-unabridged-animals-and-men.htm
•  Gustavo Guilherme Carlo https://www.blogger.com/comment.g?blogID=8897242&postID=1364705688524504710
2018-05-03 Ali:• https://zoobudapest.com/ezt-latnod-kell/hirek/155-ev-elefantjai-1
2016-02-04 Topsy:• Anders Landen, Sweden
2013-06-22 Jumbo II (Safari):• Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/12/safari-1.html
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/12/tommy-1994.html
•  •  https://collections.nmnh.si.edu/search/mammals/?ark=ark:/65665/3df3b812a593f4664b1136ccef29d996a
•  Roth, V. Sep 1984 ["Sep 1984"]. How Elephants Grow: Heterochrony and the Calibration of Developmental Stages in Some Living and Fossil Species. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 4 (1)
•  http://n2t.net/ark:/65665/3df3b812a-593f-4664-b113-6ccef29d996a
2013-05-21 Lizzie:• http://circuszooanimals.blogspot.com/2011/05/list-of-wirths-circus-elephants-to-date.html
2013-04-18 Charlie Ed:• Page 63, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/search?q=charlie+ed
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Chapter: Charlie-Ed in the Scout magazine Boys life, February 1932
2013-04-18 Trilby:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/09/1913-peru-flood.html
2013-04-18 Nancy:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2013-04-18 Josky:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2013-04-18 Topsy:• 2010
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2009/11/d-voss-and-with-dutton-circus.html
•  Howes Great London Circus, Season of 1921 By Joseph T. Bradbury. Bandwagon, Vol. 8, No. 5, 1964, pp. 4-13.
2013-04-18 Mom (Moms):• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2013-04-18 Baby Jumbo:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2013-04-16 Ella:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2013-04-16 Mama:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2013-02-23 Roma I:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
•  Peter Stolk, Netherlands
• Page 77,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2012-10-31 Barnum Queen:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/08/from-erik-jaeger.html
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/02/sparks-elephant-acts-6.html
2012-10-31 Rio (Ryo):• The Ringling Elephants 1888-1967, Bandwagon
2012-10-31 Veneda:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
•  Page 62, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• Buckles Weblog
• Page 49, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2012-10-31 Jess:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/02/sparks-elephant-acts-6.html
2012-10-31 Ringling Nellie:• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/05/from-nigel-rothfels.html
2012-10-31 Hagenbeck Jennie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-10-05 Aga:• Jim Clubb, at Buckles blog at http://bucklesw.blogspot.se/2006/09/bertram-w-mills-circus-1928-29-2.html
•  page 97, The Legend of Salt and Sauce, by Jamie Clubb, 2009
2012-10-05 Magiula (Manjoulah):• Bertram Mills - the Circus That Travelled by Train, by David Jamieson.
•  Jim Clubb, UK.
•  Raffael de Ritis, Pescara, Italy
2012-10-05 Pooly (Pulley, Puly, Patho):• Bertram Mills, by David Jamieson, 1998.
•  Jim Clubb, UK
•  Raffael de Ritis, Pescara, Italy
2012-10-05 Kathol:• Bertram Mills, by David Jamieson, 1998.
•  Jim Clubb, UK
•  Raffael de Ritis, Pescara, Italy
•  Jim Stockley, South Africa
2012-10-05 Lechmey:• Bertram Mills, by David Jamieson, 1998.
•  Jim Clubb, UK
•  Raffael de Ritis, Pescara, Italy
•  Jim Stockley, South Africa
2012-10-05 Hungoly:• Bertram Mills, by David Jamieson, 1998.
•  Jim Clubb, UK
•  Raffael de Ritis, Pescara, Italy
•  Jim Stockley, South Africa
2012-10-04 Jenny:• Bertram Mills - the Circus That Travelled by Train, by David Jamieson.
•  Jim Clubb, UK.
•  Raffael de Ritis, Pescara, Italy
2012-10-02 Reynolds Jennie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  https://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2012/02/bingo-3.html
2012-10-02 Yasso (Jasso):• The Ringling Elephants 1888-1967, Bandwagon
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• Page 51, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2012-10-02 Mabel:• The Ringling Elephants 1888-1967, Bandwagon
•  Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck, online edition at https://archive.org/stream/animalsaremylife033071mbp/animalsaremylife033071mbp_djvu.txt
2012-10-02 Wallace Pinto:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-10-02 Ringling Rosy:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  https://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2006/09/circus-vargas-1974.html
2012-10-01 Dolly:• The Ringling Elephants 1888-1967, Bandwagon
•  Ryan Easley, USA
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/12/photo-sharing_29.html
2012-10-01 Dolly:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Buckles Woodcock
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/12/photo-sharing_29.html
2012-09-30 Baldy:• Page 46, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  https://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2012/02/bingo-3.html
2012-09-29 Sultana:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Richard Chiger
2012-09-27 Roma II:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Page 70,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2012-09-07 unknown:• Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2012-09-07 unknown:• Ein Garten Für Menschen Und Tiere, 125 Jahre Zoo Hannover
•  Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2012-09-07 unknown:• Ein Garten Für Menschen Und Tiere, 125 Jahre Zoo Hannover
•  Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2012-07-01 Toto:• Spartaco Gippoliti, One elephant, a museum specimen and two colonialisms: the history of M’Totofrom German Tanganyika to Rome
•  https://www.zoochat.com/community/threads/analyzing-the-history-and-evolution-of-romes-zoo-through-maps-and-medias.486417/
2012-07-01 Minnie (Minni):• Spartaco Gippoliti, Rome, Italy
2012-06-07 Tony:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-04-22 Black Diamond:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/09/black-diamond-2.html
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/10/black-diamond-3.html
• roadsideamerica.com
•  https://www.roadsideamerica.com/story/7832
2012-04-22 Todles:• Bandwagon, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Mar-Apr), 1959, p. 13.
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/05/from-anonymous.html
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2006/05/to-anonymous-toddles.html
2012-04-22 Vinager:• The Legend of Salt and Sauce, by Jamie Clubb, 2009
2012-04-22 Mustard II :• The Legend of Salt and Sauce, by Jamie Clubb, 2009
2012-04-20 Safari:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
• 
•  Jonas Livet, France
•  Birth year: Documentation 2002 - Elephants in European Zoos and Safari Parks published by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2012-04-20 Kiri:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
• Elefanten - Mein Leben, by Karl Kock
2012-04-20 Meni:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
• 
•  Elefanten - Mein Leben, by Karl Kock
2012-04-19 Shanti:• Animals Are My Life, by Lorenz Hagenbeck
•  Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2012-04-17 Snyder:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Page 124,125 Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
•  Susan Hawksworth, Director of the Smoky Hill Museum, Salina, Kansas, USA
2012-04-17 Frieda:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  https://classic.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-1964Mar.htm
2012-04-17 Blanche:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Kelly Weaver
•  A History of the Cole Bros. Circus 1935-40 by Joseph T. Bradbury. Bandwagon, Vol. 9, No. 5 (Sep-Oct), 1965, pp. 4-8.
•  Cole Bros. Circus- Janesville,WI (7/19/45) #3, Buckles Web Log, 2007-02-05
•  William P. Hall #9, Buckles Web Log, 2007-06-25
•  Cole Bros. Circus 1946 #2, Buckles Web Log, 2008-03-13
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2009/11/to-erik-jaeger.html
2012-04-17 Floto:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/12/chris-zeitz-2.html
2012-04-12 Tommy:• Fred D. Pfening, Bandwagon, Vol. 10, No. 6 (Nov-Dec), 1966
•  Buckles Woodcock, WebLog
2012-04-12 Old Pitt (Petit):• <a href="http://www.roadsideamerica.com/pet/oldpitt.html">Roadsideamerica</a>
•  <a href="http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/10/john-robinson-circus-parade-4.html">Buckles Woodcock, WebLog</a>
2012-04-12 Clara:• Page 25, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
• Buckles Woodcock, WebLog
2012-04-12 Tony:• <a href="http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/10/john-robinson-circus-parade-4.html">Buckles Woodcock, WebLog</a>
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/10/john-robinson-circus-parade-4.html
2012-04-12 Annie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-04-12 Bosco:• Cesar Ortega, Argentina
2012-04-11 Mike:• White Tops, June 1931, page 6
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/12/1908-barnum-bailey-program-5_31.html#comment-c6186123854218006070
• Page 20, 50, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-03-31 Ella:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-03-31 Lissy:• Beasts and Men, by Carl Hagenbeck, p 150-151, available online at https://archive.org/details/beastsmenbeingca00hage/page/10/mode/2up
2012-02-01 Siam (Sayan):• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2012-01-16 Gunda:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
•  Richard Chiger
•  Chang Reynolds
•  60 years of chains still
2012-01-16 Congo:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Richard Chiger
2011-12-08 Jingo:• London Zoo from old photographs, by John C. Edwards 1996, pp. 107
2011-06-08 Sahib (August):• Page 76-77,
Jumbo auf dem Drahtseil - Elefanten dressuren von gestern und heute by Gerhard Zapf
2011-06-05 Nayan:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2011-04-26 Khartoum:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• W. Henry Sheak, The Elephant in Captivity
• Richard Chiger
2011-04-16 Paulina:• Ryan Easley, USA
2011-04-16 Aneta:• Ryan Easley, USA
2010-11-12 Bambina:• Erland Axel Wadsten
•  Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-10-06 Bosco:• Georg Pinder
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2009/08/from-sue-lenz.html
2010-09-26 Mena:• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2006/08/rowe-bros-circus-1940-6.html
2010-05-12 Mama Mary (Mom):• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Buckles weblog
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/12/chris-zeitz-3.html
2010-04-26 Bughouse Alice:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/05/from-jim-cole-1.html
•  <a href="http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/05/joe-metcalf-2.html">"Joe Metcalf #2," Buckles Web Log, 2008-05-27</a>
•  <a href="https://classic.circushistory.org/Bandwagon/bw-1964Sep.htm">Howes Great London Circus, Season of 1921 By Joseph T. Bradbury. Bandwagon, Vol. 8, No. 5, 1964, pp. 4-13.</a>
2010-02-28 Alice:• Wild animals in captivity, by A. D. Bartlett. Available online at https://archive.org/details/cu31924001566177
2009-12-17 Tess (Tessie):• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2009/12/from-buckles.html
2009-11-24 Minnie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/07/ringling-barnum-1930-minnie-and-dolly.html
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2005/07/al-g-barnes-circus-1934-working-in.html
•  http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/12/photo-sharing_29.html
2009-11-23 unknown:• Page 154,155, Beasts and Men, by Carl Hagenbeck
2009-11-23 unknown:• Page 153, 154 Beasts and Men, by Carl Hagenbeck
2009-11-14 Bismarck:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• https://classic.circushistory.org/Query/Query09a.htm
• Page 18, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-11-14 Princess:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
•  Page 18, 20, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-11-09 Neptun:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2009-11-09 unknown:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2009-11-09 unknown:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2009-11-09 Rannich:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-09 unknown:• Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
2009-11-08 Jenny:• p 84,
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• p 12, Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2009-11-07 Lilly (Lilli):• Jonas Livet, France
• Michael Mettler, http://www.tiergarten.com/forum.php?go=view&BeitragsID=1815&thema=Tiergruppen&subthema=Dickhäuter&subsub
• http://www.elbtal.com/dresden/zoo/geschichte/geschichte.html
2009-11-07 Maude:• https://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/07/from-richard-reynolds.html
2009-11-07 unknown:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2009-11-07 Maldaa:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2009-08-14 Icky:• https://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/08/ringling-barnum-1949-6.html
2008-06-22 Mary:• Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
2008-05-22 Tommy:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  https://classic.circushistory.org/Pdf/1922SellsFlotoRoute.pdf
2007-05-04 Tillie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Ryan Easley, USA, 2021
2007-05-01 Jenny:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Ryan Easley, USA, 2021


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