Berlin Zoo in Germany

Berlin Zoo

First elephant arrived1857
AddressHardenbergpl. 8 and Budapester Str. 34
YouTube userhauptstadtzoo

Directors1844-1869: Martin Hinrich Lichtenstein (prev. director of Berlin zoological museum), Alexander von Humboldt, and Peter Joseph Lenné
1869-1884: Dr Heinrich Bodinus
(prev. director of Cologne Zoo)
1884-1888: Dr Maximilian Schmidt
(prev. director of Frankfurt Zoo)
1888-1931: Ludwig Heck
(prev. director of Cologne Zoo)
1932-1945? : Lutz Heck
(son of Ludwig Heck)
1945?-1956: Dr. Katharina Heinroth
1956-1991: Dr Heinz-Georg Klös
(prev. director of Osnabrück Zoo)
1991-2002: Dr Hans Frädrich
2002-2007: Dr Jürgen Lange
2007-2008: Dr Bernd Blaszkiewitz
2008-2013: Gabriele Thöne
2014-Present: Andreas Knieriem

Head keepers
of elephants
?-1867: Pechler (killed 1867)
1963-1974 Robert Jung
1974-1988 Gunther Goncz
1989- now Rudiger Pankow
Google map

The elephant gate

The elephant gate
Relevant literature

1844: Berlin Zoological Garden is the oldest Zoo in Germany, opened 1844.

1857: The first elephant was bought 1857 for 2 500 Taler from Menagerie Liphard.

The elephant Pagoda in 1930

1939: before World war II, Berlin Zoo kept over 4 000 mammals, and over 1400 species of birds.

1941: Bombs fell on Berlin Zoo, an antelope was the only animal to die (Heck, 1952, 142-143).

Photo: Caroline Skene DHD Multimedia Gallery
1943: The elephants and many other animals in Berlin Zoo were killed by the air attacks of November 22 and 23, 1943, and the BBC at the time reported incorrectly that animals had escaped from the zoo during the bombardment and had been machine-gunned in the streets (Heck, 1952, 168) The famous old elephant house in pagod style was totally destroyed by bombings the 22 November 1943, when also 7 elephants died, and a bull had to be shot because he went out in the zoo from the destructed stables. Only 91 animals survived the war, among them the the elephant bull Siam, who died in 1947 because of enteritis. During the next three years, Berlin Zoo had no elephant
1950: the director Dr. Katharina Heinroth received the three year old Shanti, as a gift from Pandit Nehru and India. She had to be housed in the sebra stable until the new house was erected in 1955.

The new elephant house was enlarged in the 90s and now has a pool and two bullboxes prepared for Protected contact.

1999: The house was reconstructed 1999, and has now more space for the elephants, while the visitors area was reduced.

During the 90s breeding has once again been succesful in Berlin Zoo

Source and citings for the article Berlin Zoo

Reference list

Berlin Zoo, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2020), (available online at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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Elephant Encyclopedia and database

Established 1995
Established 2006
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