Captive born elephants at India unspecified location in India


NrIdNameSpecies
Sex
AgeBirthDeath dateParentsPresent or last LocationArrival
1 DCEMTN id: +138? (N/A) Giri
EM M>2009 x Theppakadu Mudumalai Forest Camp (MFC)
2 DCEMWB id: 00 unknown
EM unknown 22019? x Dhupjhora elephant camp (Gorumara Central Pilkhana)2020-11-10
3 Local id: 18 DCEK id: 00 Sreekutty
EM F 22019-08-00 x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC) 2019-11-09
4 Local id: 14 DCEK id: 00 Manu
EM M 42017? x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC)
5 Local id: 15 DCEK id: 00 Maya
EM F 42017? x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC)
6 Local id: 12 DCEK id: 00 Arjun
EM M 52016? x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC)
7 Local id: 13 DCEK id: 00 Poorna
EM F 52016? x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC)
8 Local id: 10 DCEK id: 00 Raja
EM M 82013? x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC)
9 Local id: 7 DCEK id: 00 Agasthyan
EM M 112010? x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC)
10 DCEMK id: 175 CHIP:00065DD8B7 Owner Certificate nr:477 Gowri Nandanan
EM M 172004 x S. K. Jayachandran
11 DCEK id: 62 CHIP:0006590D6A Certificate nr:409 + Ambady Kannan Kalarikavu
EM M 241997?2021-03-00 x Prakasan M V Athrangattu
12 DCEK id: 622 CHIP:00065EBB1E Certificate nr:474 Vallabhan
EM M 271994? x Malayinkeezhu Sree Krishna Swami Temple2002-00-00
13Banumathi
EM F 321989? x Sakrebyle elephant camp (Sacrebyle, Sakrebail)
14 Local id: 3 DCEK id: 702 Rajkumar
EM M 321989 x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC)
15 DCEK id: 579 CHIP:00065D75ED Certificate nr:493 Thiruvambadi Cheriya Chandrasekharan
EM M 411980? x Thiruvambadi Devaswom temple
16Alisa Kali
EM F 421979? x Jungle Safari Resort
17Champa Kali
EM F 441977 x Chitwan Sapana Village Lodge2007-00-00
18 SSP id: 125 Mari
EM F 461975 x Honolulu Zoo (Kapiolani Park Zoo)1982-07-24
19 DCEK id: 471 CHIP:000652BA05 Certificate nr:380 + Cherpulassery Neelakandan
EM M 4719732020-05-18 x Sunil Kumar P2019-10-00
20Jasmin
EM F 491972-00-00 x Ban Santour Ch. Surinder Singh Elephant Rehabilitation Centre2019-09-20
21 EEP id: 8404 + Shiva
EM F 2119721993-09-21 x Cricket St Thomas Wildlife Park1992-06-07
22 Local id: 2 DCEK id: 19 CHIP:00065DA371 Jaysree
EM F 491972 x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC) 2008-08-00
23 DCEK id: 355 CHIP:00065299D0 Certificate nr:567 Reena
EM F 501971? x V. M. Rajappan
24 DCEK id: 583 CHIP:00065DE38C Certificate nr:672 + Ambalappuzha Vijayakrishnan
EM M 501971?2021-04-08 x Ambalappuzha Sree Krishna Swamy Temple
25 DCEK id: 356 CHIP:0006593C35 Certificate nr:94 Rani
EM F 511970? x V. M. Rajappan
26Mara
EM F 521969 x Elephant Sanctuary Brazil (ESB)2020-05-09
27+ Lakshmi
EM F 541966?2020-10-18 x Dawood Meeran
28Arya
EM F 561965? x Mathura Elephant Care Centre (Wildlife SOS India)2020-10-00
29 DCEK id: 582 CHIP:0006592ED5 Certificate nr:90 Chandra Sekharan
EM M 571964? x Kottiyoor Devaswom
30 DCEMK id: 372 CHIP:0006592107 Owner Certificate nr:323 + KR Sivaprasad
EM M 591962?2021-01-28 x Ratheesh Chandran
31Devi Kali
EM F 611960 x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
32+ Ranga
EM F 631956?2019? x Circus Kornilov1991-00-00
33+ Ravi
EM M 1519541969-06-00 x Kiev Zoo1956-07-15
34+ Shashi
EM F 719541961-06-00 x Kiev Zoo1956-07-15
35 EEP id: 5502 + Siwa
EM F 4819522000-10-12 x Wuppertal Zoo1955-08-31
36+ Mary
EM F 261919?1945? x Kaliningrad Zoo
37+ Columbus
EM M 2618031829-03-22 x U.S.A. unspecified Location
38+ Lockhart Jenny (Jennie)
EM F 261928-12-23 x Orton Brothers Circus1923-00-00
39 EEP id: 761 + Omar
EM M 261903 x Berlin Zoo1881-04-17
40+ The Crowninshield Elephant
EM F 26 x U.S.A. unspecified Location
41 EEP id: 762 + Rostom (Rustum)
EM M 261892 x Berlin Zoo1881-04-17
42 Local id: 8 Sashi Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
43 Local id: 5 Bhawani Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
44 Local id: 14 Sitashma Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
45 Local id: 9 DCEK id: 00 Rana
EM F x Kottoor elephant rehabilitation centre (ERC)
46+ Chita
EM F x Circus Kornilov1991-00-00
47 Local id: 4 Bhairab
EM unknown x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
48+ Chengallor Ranganathan
EM M1917 x Chengalloor Sree Mahadeva Temple
49 Local id: 7 Menaka Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
50 DCEMK id: 00 Indhumathi
EM F x M. R. Palayam Thiruchinapaili Elephant Rescue and Rehabilitation Centre (ERRC)2019-00-00
51 Local id: 6 Bhagwati Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
52 Local id: 18 + Dhirendra Prasad
EM M2005? x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
53 Local id: 2 Lambodhar Prasad
EM M x Ghidenighat hattisar2015-11-00
54 Local id: 15 Rambha Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
55 Local id: 3 Binayek
EM unknown x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
56Shankar (wild)
EM M x Gudalur forest
57 Local id: 12 Gauri Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
58 Local id: 10 Indra Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
59Srinivas
EM M x Theppakadu Mudumalai Forest Camp (MFC)2016-00-00
60 Local id: 9 Mangola Kali
EM F x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
61Lalitha
EM F x Sheik Mohammed2000-00-00
62 Local id: 1 + Airawat
EM unknown2007-08-21 x Sauraha elephant breeding centre1986-00-00
63+ Guruvayur Vailya Kesavan
EM M2021-03-29 x Guruvayur Devaswom Aanathavalam (Punnathur Kota)2000-05-09
64Kaneni
EM F x Sakrebyle elephant camp (Sacrebyle, Sakrebail)2021-03-05
65Raja
EM M x Vizag Zoo (Indira Gandhi Zoological Park)
66Krishna
EM M x Vizag Zoo (Indira Gandhi Zoological Park)
67 Local id: 13 Parvati Kali
EM F x Meghauli hattisar
68 Local id: xx DCEK id: 702+? unknown
EM x India unspecified location
69 Local id: 88 DCEK id: 43 CHIP:000658532C Manikandan
EM M x C. Ali
70 DCEMK id: 00 Jayanthi
EM F x M. R. Palayam Thiruchinapaili Elephant Rescue and Rehabilitation Centre (ERRC)2019-00-00
71 DCEMK id: 00 Sandhya
EM F x M. R. Palayam Thiruchinapaili Elephant Rescue and Rehabilitation Centre (ERRC)2019-00-00
72Champa Kali
EM F x Nature Safari Camp


Source for the list of elephants born at India unspecified location

Reference list

Facts about Captive born elephants at India unspecified location in India, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2021), available online retrieved 10 May 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=3008 (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this list:

Latest updateName of elephantSource (if it is a website, the target website will open in new window)
2021-04-09 Ambalappuzha Vijayakrishnan:
  • http://travancoredevaswomboard.org/2014/06/27/ambalappuzha-vijayakrishnan/

  • https://web.facebook.com/Ambalapuzha-Vijayakrishnan-168776839831707/

  • https://www.thenewsminute.com/article/injured-kerala-elephant-dies-days-after-it-was-deemed-fit-temple-fest-146807

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7656
  • 2021-04-09 Kaneni:
  • https://www.aninews.in/videos/national/female-elephant-brought-shivamogga-camp-breeding/
  • 2021-04-07 Guruvayur Vailya Kesavan:
  • https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/kochi/tusker-valiya-kesavan-of-guruvayur-temple-dies/articleshow/81749070.cms

  • https://english.mathrubhumi.com/news/kerala/tusker-guruvayur-valiya-kesavan-dies-at-52-1.5554349

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7654
  • 2021-03-24 Rani:
  • http://www.kcems.in/kcems/pages/DistList.php
  • 2021-03-24 Reena:
  • http://www.kcems.in/kcems/pages/DistList.php
  • 2021-03-24 Thiruvambadi Cheriya Chandrasekharan:
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiruvambadi_Cheriya_Chandrasekharan

  • http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/Ordeal-of-elephants-continues/article16865451.ece
  • 2021-03-24 Chandra Sekharan:
  • http://www.kcems.in/kcems/pages/DistList.php
  • 2021-03-17 Cherpulassery Neelakandan:
  • https://keralakaumudi.com/web-news/en/2020/05/NMAN0146534/image/cherpulassery-neelakandan.1.604244.jpg

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7634
  • 2021-02-10 Shankar (wild):
  • https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/coimbatore/officials-fail-to-capture-rogue-elephant/articleshow/80776379.cms
  • 2021-01-28 KR Sivaprasad:
  • http://www.forest.kerala.gov.in/images/cekerala.pdf
  • 2021-01-17 Gowri Nandanan:
  • https://english.mathrubhumi.com/news/kerala/angry-elephant-hurls-mahout-to-death-in-tvm-1.5365167

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7599
  • 2021-01-07 Lalitha:
  • https://www.livelaw.in/news-updates/elephant-emotional-bonding-madras-high-court-allows-custody-wildlife-protection-act-167821

  • https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/hc-permits-caretaker-to-retain-custody-of-elephant/article33476609.ece
  • 2021-01-05 Indhumathi:
  • http://www.vijayvaani.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx

  • https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/rescued-elephants-get-a-fresh-start-at-this-exclusive-rehabilitation-camp-in-tamil-nadu/article29854758.ece through Chandrika Varadachari
  • 2021-01-05 Sandhya:
  • http://www.vijayvaani.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx

  • https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/rescued-elephants-get-a-fresh-start-at-this-exclusive-rehabilitation-camp-in-tamil-nadu/article29854758.ece through Chandrika Varadachari
  • 2020-11-16 Alisa Kali:
  • Vries, de L. (2014) An Elephant is Not a Machine, A Survey into the Welfare of Private Captive Elephants in Sauraha, Chitwan National Park, Animal Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal. Available online at https://animalnepal.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/report-an-elephant-is-not-a-machine.pdf
  • 2020-11-14 Devi Kali:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf

  • https://risingnepaldaily.com/miscellany/himanikali-becomes-mother
  • 2020-11-14 Chengallor Ranganathan:
  • http://popularblogsblog.blogspot.com/2012/08/chengalloor-ranganathan-tallest.html
  • 2020-11-14 Dhirendra Prasad:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf

  • http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/pdf_files/119/1195552449.pdf
  • 2020-11-14 Airawat:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf

  • http://www.rhinoresourcecenter.com/pdf_files/119/1195552449.pdf
  • 2020-11-14 Sreekutty:
  • https://www.timesnownews.com/the-buzz/article/sreekutty-the-elephant-had-a-jumbo-birthday-bash-these-adorable-pictures-are-proof/679453

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7549
  • 2020-11-13 Sashi Kali:
  • http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/AD031E/ad031e0e.htm

  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Bhawani Kali:
  • http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/AD031E/ad031e0e.htm

  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Sitashma Kali:
  • http://www.fao.org/docrep/005/AD031E/ad031e0e.htm

  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Bhairab:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Menaka Kali:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Bhagwati Kali:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Lambodhar Prasad:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf

  • https://www.news.com.au/technology/science/animals/lambodhar-prasad-the-elephant-desperate-for-kindness-after-spending-60-years-in-chains/news-story/4e201420a0a5bbb2a49e36a143d567fc
  • 2020-11-13 Rambha Kali:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Binayek:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Gauri Kali:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Indra Kali:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Mangola Kali:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf
  • 2020-11-13 Champa Kali:
  • http://sapanalodge.com/responsible-tourism/

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7482
  • 2020-11-13 Parvati Kali:
  • 25 Years of Achievements on Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Environment (2018). Available at https://www.cbd.int/api/v2013/documents/BD049A13-5D91-67D5-5B38-90108F6A4D29/attachments/MOFE_IBD_2018_Final%20(1).pdf

  • https://elephantaidinternational.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/EAI_2014_Annual_Report.pdf
  • 2020-11-11 unknown:
  • https://www.telegraphindia.com/west-bengal/lost-elephant-calf-sent-to-rescue-hub/cid/1797136

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7550
  • 2020-11-09 Raja:
  • https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Visakhapatnam/two-new-guests-arrive-in-city-zoo/article21616708.ece

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indira_Gandhi_Zoological_Park
  • 2020-11-09 Krishna:
  • https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/visakhapatnam/visitors-irked-as-zoo-jumbo-krishna-refuses-to-socialise/articleshow/73643430.cms
  • 2020-11-08 Vallabhan:
  • https://english.mathrubhumi.com/news/offbeat/vallabhan-waiting-for-tusk-trimming-with-1-5-metre-long-tusks-1.5187850

  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7541
  • 2020-10-19 Lakshmi:
  • https://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:DYAYL7k-ctwJ:https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Madurai/domesticated-elephant-dies-in-mukoodal/article32886319.ece+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=kh
  • 2020-10-17 Mary:
  • Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, EEG: Haufellner, Kurt, Schilfarth, Schweiger

  • Kyiv city guide dated 1930 (Fedor Ernst)

  • https://zoo.kiev.ua/upload/files/31_Trantin_87%20Jahre%20Elefantenhaltungsgeschichte%20im%20Zoo%20Kiew_%d1%83%d0%ba%d1%801-1.pdf">87-year history of elephants maintenance in Kyiv Zoo, Ukraine, by Kirill Trantin, Kiev Zoo

  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_K%C3%B6nigsberg
  • 2020-10-17 Ravi:
  • https://zoo.kiev.ua/upload/files/31_Trantin_87%20Jahre%20Elefantenhaltungsgeschichte%20im%20Zoo%20Kiew_%d1%83%d0%ba%d1%801-1.pdf">87-year history of elephants maintenance in Kyiv Zoo, Ukraine, by Kirill Trantin, Kiev Zoo
  • 2020-10-17 Shashi:
  • https://zoo.kiev.ua/upload/files/31_Trantin_87%20Jahre%20Elefantenhaltungsgeschichte%20im%20Zoo%20Kiew_%d1%83%d0%ba%d1%801-1.pdf">87-year history of elephants maintenance in Kyiv Zoo, Ukraine, by Kirill Trantin, Kiev Zoo
  • 2020-10-16 Chita:
  • http://www.circopedia.org/Andrey_Dementiev-Kornilov_(2011)
  • 2020-10-16 Ranga:
  • https://www.mk-kuzbass.ru/culture/2018/07/31/slonyrekordsmeny-na-arene-kemerovskogo-cirka.html?fbclid=IwAR3WSy2K7pHioRcY7HO76P22_dH5B5B2SL4IzkVyKKYzWjbBQLkah4fmu_U
  • 2020-10-10 Arya:
  • https://www.thestatesman.com/india/blind-elephant-get-therapy-elephant-hospital-1502928571.html
  • 2020-10-09 Arjun:
  • http://forestsclearance.nic.in/DownloadPdfFile.aspx?FileName=0_0_51123121612181ERCDPR.pdf&FilePath=../writereaddata/Addinfo/
  • 2020-10-09 Poorna:
  • http://forestsclearance.nic.in/DownloadPdfFile.aspx?FileName=0_0_51123121612181ERCDPR.pdf&FilePath=../writereaddata/Addinfo/
  • 2020-10-09 Manu:
  • http://forestsclearance.nic.in/DownloadPdfFile.aspx?FileName=0_0_51123121612181ERCDPR.pdf&FilePath=../writereaddata/Addinfo/
  • 2020-10-09 Rana:
  • http://forestsclearance.nic.in/DownloadPdfFile.aspx?FileName=0_0_51123121612181ERCDPR.pdf&FilePath=../writereaddata/Addinfo/
  • 2020-10-09 Maya:
  • http://forestsclearance.nic.in/DownloadPdfFile.aspx?FileName=0_0_51123121612181ERCDPR.pdf&FilePath=../writereaddata/Addinfo/
  • 2020-10-09 Agasthyan:
  • http://forestsclearance.nic.in/DownloadPdfFile.aspx?FileName=0_0_51123121612181ERCDPR.pdf&FilePath=../writereaddata/Addinfo/
  • 2020-10-09 Raja:
  • http://forestsclearance.nic.in/DownloadPdfFile.aspx?FileName=0_0_51123121612181ERCDPR.pdf&FilePath=../writereaddata/Addinfo/
  • 2020-09-21 Jasmin:
  • https://www.hindustantimes.com/it-s-viral/delhi-s-last-elephant-lakshmi-completes-a-year-in-new-home/story-ccQxGe5o0dL0ra9Njiu7WO.html

  • https://www.aninews.in/news/national/general-news/delhis-last-elephant-laxmi-sent-to-rehab-in-haryana20190920104150/

  • https://www.republicworld.com/india-news/general-news/elephant-laxmi-foundwill-be-moved-to-rehabilitation-center-in-haryana.html
  • 2020-05-09 Mara:
  • https://www.infobae.com/sociedad/2020/05/07/la-elefanta-mara-sera-trasladada-al-santuario-de-brasil-este-sabado/
  • 2020-05-08 Jayanthi:
  • http://www.vijayvaani.com/ArticleDisplay.aspx
  • 2018-10-20 The Crowninshield Elephant:
  • http://www.naturalhistorymag.com/editors_pick/1951_10_pick.html (dead link, https://web.archive.org/web/20151024122652/http://naturalhistorymag.com/editors_pick/1951_10_pick.html">Archived version)

  • A History of the Traveling Menagerie by Stuart Thayer, http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2b.htm

  • Page 9, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • http://www.seacoastonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070629/NEWS/706290388

  • 2018-05-19 Giri:
  • https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/coimbatore/theppakadu-elephant-camp-gets-new-recruit/articleshow/63672504.cms

  • https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/two-city-zoo-tuskers-in-musth-head-to-camps/articleshow/63634174.cms







  • 2018-05-07 Shiva:
  • Pertii Sariola

  • Dan Koehl

  • Martina Nagy

  • Elefanten - Mein Leben, by Karl Kock
  • 2018-05-06 Rajkumar:
  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=2139">News article
  • http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=2105">News article
  • 2018-03-20 Manikandan:
  • http://www.forest.kerala.gov.in/images/cekerala.pdf
  • 2018-03-19 Jaysree:
  • http://www.forest.kerala.gov.in/images/cekerala.pdf
  • 2018-03-19 unknown:
  • http://www.deccanchronicle.com/channels/cities/thiruvananthapuram/calf-elephants-under-forest-dept-care-957

  • http://www.forest.kerala.gov.in/images/cekerala.pdf
  • 2014-03-16 Champa Kali:
  • http://www.ekantipur.com/2014/03/16/national/mans-death-by-tusker-raises-concern/386796.html
  • 2012-10-02 Lockhart Jenny (Jennie):
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.
  • http://www.circushistory.org/Scrap/Scrap29Apr.htm">El Reno, Oklahoma, Daily Despatch, December 29, 1928
  • Page 46, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • 2012-05-29 Omar:
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • http://www.amazon.com/dp/0952709902?tag=elephantconsulta&camp=14573&creative=327641&linkCode=as1&creativeASIN=0952709902&adid=036H16M3HWMS9APTYVD6&">London Zoo from old photographs, by John C. Edwards 1996, pp. 83
  • 2012-05-29 Rostom (Rustum):
  • Elefanten in Berlin by Bernhard Blaszkiewitz, Berlin Zoo
  • http://www.amazon.com/dp/0952709902?tag=elephantconsulta&camp=14573&creative=327641&linkCode=as1&creativeASIN=0952709902&adid=036H16M3HWMS9APTYVD6&">London Zoo from old photographs, by John C. Edwards 1996, pp. 83
  • 2012-04-12 Columbus:
  • http://circustents.blogspot.com/">Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States.

  • A History of the Traveling Menagerie by Stuart Thayer, http://www.circushistory.org/Thayer/Thayer2b.htm

  • http://www.somershistoricalsoc.org/menageries2p2.html

  • Page 9, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger


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