Wild born elephants at Africa unspecified location in Africa unspecified country


Nr Sex Species Name Id Age Birth Death date ParentsArrival Location
1 ♂ LA Sebas pickled elephant ><1753<1753 x Africa unspecified location
2 ♂ LA Vaarti >2019? x 2019-00-00 DSWT Kaluku Neonate Nursery
3 ⚪ LA noname >2006 x noname 2006-00-00 Djuma Game Reserve
4 ♂ LA Ahai >1997 x 1997-10-17 Wuhan Zoo
5 ♀ LA Jing Jing >1994 x 1997-00-00 Beijing Zoo
6 ♀ LA Reed >1993 x Yamaguchi Safariland
7 ♂ LA Congo >1991 x 1999-07-07 Bioparque Estrella Mexico
8 ♀ LA Curve >1990? x Pongola Game Reserve
9 ♀ LA Tonga >1990 x 2020-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
10 ♀ LA Kimba >1989 x 2020-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
11 ♀ LA Samba >1988 x Cirque de lEurope (Max Aucante)
12 ♀ LA Satara > JAZA id: XX? 19882021-05-09 x Fuji Safari Park
13 ♀ LA Citta >1987 x 2004-09-00 Platschow Elefantenhof
14 ♀ LA Sabi >1986-08-002020 x Circus-Hof Pohritzsch
15 ♀ LA Christi > SSP id: 241 1986 x 2023-10-19 Kansas City Zoo
16 ♀ LA Linda > EEP id: 8601 19862021-02-02? x 2009-08-20 Poznan Zoo
17 ♀ LA Salima >1986 x 2024-02-29 Greens Zoological Rescue And Rehabilitation Kingdom
18 ♀ LA Malaika > SSP id: 240 19862023-05-13 x 2008-12-13 Cheyenne Mountain Zoo
19 ♀ LA Somali >1985 x 2009-05-00 Platschow Elefantenhof
20 ♀ LA Jenny >19852003 x Circus Berolina (Spindler)
21 ♀ LA Bambi >19852024-03-00 x 2024-02-29 Greens Zoological Rescue And Rehabilitation Kingdom
22 ♂ LA Afrique > EEP id: 8315 1984-10-152022? x 2022-06-22 Port Saint-Pere Zoo (Planete sauvage)
23 ♀ LA Mocamba >1984 x 2009-05-00 Platschow Elefantenhof
24 ♀ LA Sheila >1984 x 2024-02-29 Greens Zoological Rescue And Rehabilitation Kingdom
25 ♀ LA Daisy >1984 x 1987-12-00 Blair Drummond Safari and Adventure Park
26 ♂ LA Tembo > EEP id: 8310 1983 x 1998-02-28 Colchester Zoo
27 ♀ LA Rosa >1983 x 2024-02-29 Greens Zoological Rescue And Rehabilitation Kingdom
28 ♂ LA Artie (Aardvark) > SSP id: 403 1983 x 2023-01-31 Tennessee Elephant Sanctuary (TES)
29 ♀ LA Edie > SSP id: 520 1983 x 2023-11-16 Tennessee Elephant Sanctuary (TES)
30 ♂ LA Mambo >19832020-08-16 x 2020-05-00 Szada Safari park
31 ♀ LA Nanda >1983 x 2020-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
32 ♂ LA Rambo (Dumbo) >19832012-07-00 x Circus Atlas (Circus Frankello)
33 ♂ LA Tempo (Tembo, Håkon) > EEP id: 8201 1982-00-002008-02-27 x 1985-09-13 Aalborg Zoo (Aalborg Zoologiske Have)
34 ♂ LA Sahib >19822011-03-01 x 2001-00-00 Platschow Elefantenhof
35 ♀ LA Zola > EEP id: 8206 1982 x 1985-11-09 Colchester Zoo
36 ♀ LA Mara > SSP id: 222 1982 x 2002-11-00 PAWS ARK 2000
37 ♀ LA Makonga >19822005 x Circus Carl Busch
38 ♀ LA Opal > EEP id: 8312 1982 x 1998-02-28 Colchester Zoo
39 ♀ LA Tara > SSP id: 220 1982 x 1986-11-14 Atlanta Zoo
40 ♀ LA Baby (Tonga?) >1982 x Bernhard Caselly
41 ♀ LA Megu > SSP id: 447 1982 x 2022-07-00 Six Flags Wild Safari (Six Flags Great Adventure)
42 ♀ LA Kosti > SSP id: 446 1982 x 2022-07-14 Memphis Zoo
43 ♀ LA Pai Tai > SSP id: 395 19822002-10-27 x 1986-09-15 Taipei Zoo
44 ♀ LA Tanya > EEP id: 8104 1981 x 1985-11-02 Colchester Zoo
45 ♂ LA Thai >19812013-02-05 x 2005-06-03 Stukenbrock Safaripark
46 ♀ LA Ramboline >1981 x 2020-05-15 Knuthenborg Park & Safari
47 ♀ LA Inga >1981 x 2018-06-00 Amneville Zoo (Coulange Zoo)
48 ♀ LA Donna > SSP id: 199 1980 x 2023-09-13 Tennessee Elephant Sanctuary (TES)
49 ♂ LA Lan Po > SSP id: 386 19802011-04-22 x 1986-10-13 Taipei Zoo
50 ♀ LA Toutoune (Toutonne) > SSP id: 379 19792012-11-19 x 1998-09-00 Granby Zoo
51 ♀ LA Babar III >1979 x 1982-08-00 Montreal Garden of Wonders childrens zoo
52 ♀ LA Chuppek >1978-00-00 x Circus Voyage (Alois Spindler)
53 ♀ LA Buba >1978 x 2022-00-00 Kimba Elefant Park
54 ♂ LA Willy > SSP id: 370 19782023-07-19 x 2011-04-05 Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
55 ♀ LA Makia (Malkia) > SSP id: 373 1978 x 1993-01-24 Jorge Barreda
56 ♂ LA Ingani >1977?2019? x Pongola Game Reserve
57 ⚪ LA Mimi > EEP id: 8008 1977 x Unknown
58 ♀ LA Mogli >1976-00-00 x 2024-02-29 Greens Zoological Rescue And Rehabilitation Kingdom
59 ♀ LA Siam >1975/19761997-01-00 x 1977-00-00 Circus Giovanni Althoff
60 ♀ LA Daisy > SSP id: 436 1975 x 2018-07-31 Memphis Zoo
61 ♀ LA Bambi > SSP id: 437 1975 x 2018-07-31 Memphis Zoo
62 ♀ LA Churchill (Babar) > SSP id: 134 19742012-08-25 x 1990-09-11 Hemmingford Parc Safari
63 ♂ LA Nkoitoi >1973?2023-04-00 x Masai Mara
64 ♀ LA Vanni > EEP id: 7310 19732006-08 x 2005-10-03 Nikolaev Zoo
65 ♀ LA Kenny >19732020-08-10 x
66 ♀ LA Kenny >19732020-08-10 x 1975-00-00
67 ♀ LA Sanga >1972? x 1977-00-00 Giza Zoological Garden
68 ♀ LA Kameo > AERP id: KB 1972? x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
69 ♀ LA Malou >1972-00-00 x 2024-02-29 Greens Zoological Rescue And Rehabilitation Kingdom
70 ♀ LA Gipsy (Gypsie) > Local id: 3433 19721984-09-14 x 1973-04-18 Kolmarden Zoo
71 ♀ LA Nobi (Noby) > Local id: 3434 19721978-08-16 x 1973-04-18 Kolmarden Zoo
72 ♀ LA Tembo (Tempo) > Local id: 3435 19721974-11-27 x 1973-04-18 Kolmarden Zoo
73 ♂ LA Hatari (Billy) > SSP id: 122 19721987 x 1984-00-00 Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus - Retirement Farm
74 ♂ LA Roland >19721988 x Cirkus Mai
75 ♀ LA Masa > EEP id: 6910 1969-12-012019-09-04 x 1972-01-01 Howletts Wild Animal Park
76 ♀ LA Missy > SSP id: 81 1969 x 2015-10-18 Cheyenne Mountain Zoo
77 ♀ LA Sandri (Sandrie) > EEP id: 7306 1969 x 1988-07-04 Naples Fuorigrotta Zoo
78 ♀ LA Linda >1969 x Havana Zoological Garden
79 ♀ LA Keely > AERP id: KB 1968? x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
80 ♀ LA Kaitlin > AERP id: KB 1968? x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
81 ♀ LA Bonnie > SSP id: 340 19681987 x 1978-00-00 Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus (Blue Unit)
82 ♀ LA Lady > SSP id: 65 1968 x 1994-07-16 Kansas City Zoo
83 ♂ LA Samson > SSP id: 336 19671986-04-01 x 1986-03-31 Gary Jacobson
84 ♀ LA Lulu > SSP id: 61 19662024-04-09 x 2005-03-10 PAWS ARK 2000
85 ♂ LA Tembo > EEP id: 6604 19661984-12-18 x 1968-04-25 Thoiry Zoo
86 ♀ LA Merula > EEP id: 6605 19661988-08-27 x 1968-04-25 Thoiry Zoo
87 ♀ LA Iringa > EEP id: 6606 19661985-12-27 x 1968-05-06 Thoiry Zoo
88 ⚪ LC unknown >1963-12-00 x 1963-12-13 Ibadan Zoo
89 ♀ LA Sara > EEP id: 6201 1962-00-002013-11-20 x 1964-09-08 Rostock Zoo
90 ♀ LA Alicia > EEP id: 6102 19612008-02-29 x 1980-09-05 Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
91 ♂ LA Sudan >1960<1965 x 1962-11-28 Circus Carl Althoff
92 ♀ LA Toto >19591980 x 1962-00-00 London Zoo
93 ♀ LA Laila (Leila) >1954,19551998 x 1997-03-00 Naples Fuorigrotta Zoo
94 ♀ LC Dima >1953-00-001979-00-00 x 1954-00-00 Frankfurt Zoo
95 ♀ LA Safari >19521979-09-01 x 1960-04-02 Leipzig Zoo
96 ♀ LC Pouquois (Puqua) >19361941-11-05 x 1936-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
97 ♀ LA Sudan > SSP id: 311 19361947-12-25 x 1936-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
98 ♂ LC Congo >19361937-02-00 x 1936-00-00 Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus
99 ♀ LA Jumbina > SSP id: 3 19111952-06-30 x 1913-08-08 Smithsonian National Zoological Park
100 ♂ LA Jumbo II > SSP id: 2 19101916-06-28 x 1913-08-08 Smithsonian National Zoological Park
101 ♂ LA Pepi >1898 x 1902-00-00 Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
102 ♀ EM Barnes Big Ruth > SSP id: 703 1896 x 1908-00-00 Puerto Rico unspecified location
103 ♀ LA unknown >1880 x 1894-10-23 Wroclaw Zoo (Zoo Breslau)
104 ♂ LA Bismarck >1865? x 1888-00-00 Adam Forepaugh Circus
105 ♂ LA Jumbo > SSP id: 301 18611885-09-15 x 1882-04-09 Barnum & Bailey Circus
106 ♂ LA Sahib >18611907 x 1861-00-00 Menagerie du Paris Jardin des Plantes
107 ♀ LA Old Bet >18001816-07-26 x 1808-00-00 Bailey Circus
108 ♀ LC unknown >16641681-01-22 x 1665-00-00 Versailles menagerie
109 ♀ LA Lilly > x Safari Park Richter
110 ♂ EM Surus >-202 x Hannibal Barca
111 ♀ LA Baira >2004-01-30 x 1973-00-00 Sao Paulo Zoo
112 ♀ LA Gira >2019-02-28 x 1979-00-00 Barquisimeto Zoo (Parque Zoológico y Botánico Bararida)
113 ♀ LA unknown > x 1979-00-00 Barquisimeto Zoo (Parque Zoológico y Botánico Bararida)
114 ♀ LA Tabu >1977-00-00 x 1962-00-00 Boras Zoo
115 ♀ LA Anan > x Wuhan Zoo
116 ♀ LA Marisel > x Mayaguez Zoo (Juan A. Rivero Zoo)
117 ♀ LA Buli >1980 x 1980-00-00 Helsinki Zoo Quarantine Island
118 ♂ LA unknown > x Riyadh Zoological Gardens
119 ♀ LA unknown > x Riyadh Zoological Gardens
120 ♀ LA unknown > x Riyadh Zoological Gardens
121 ♀ LA unknown > x Riyadh Zoological Gardens
122 ♀ LA Bibi >1983 x 1962-00-00 Wuppertal Zoo
123 ♀ LA Baldufa >1972 x 1966-00-00 Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
124 ♀ LA unknown >1974 x 1967-00-00 Barcelona Zoo (Park Zoologic de Barcelona)
125 ♀ LA Seba > x 2003-02-00 Okavango Delta
126 ♀ LA Chevrette >1855-02-01 x 1825-05-26 Menagerie du Paris Jardin des Plantes
127 ♂ LA Neptun >1883-04-02 x 1870-07-04 Vienna Zoo
128 ♂ LA Benjamin > x 1926-00-00 Lisbon Zoo
129 ♀ LA Lollo II > x Augsburg Zoo
130 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
131 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
132 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
133 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
134 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
135 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
136 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
137 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
138 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
139 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
140 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
141 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
142 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
143 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
144 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
145 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
146 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
147 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
148 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
149 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
150 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
151 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
152 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
153 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
154 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
155 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
156 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
157 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
158 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
159 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
160 ⚪ LP unknown > x Hannibal Barca
161 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
162 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
163 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
164 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
165 ⚪ LP unknown >-217 x Hannibal Barca
166 ♂ LA noname > x Knysna forest
167 ♀ LA Output > x Knysna forest
168 ♀ LA Babar >1970-04-21 x 1955-05-31 Rome Zoo
169 ♂ LA Jumbo >1979-10-06 x 1956-09-20 Rome Zoo
170 ♀ LA Annie > x 1867-00-00 Adam Forepaugh Circus
171 ♀ LA Kenya > x Circus Hoffman
172 ♂ LA noname > x Victoria Falls National Park
173 ♀ LA unknown > x 1886-12-31 Circus Wulff
174 ♀ LA Jumbo > x 1955-00-00 Stuttgart Wilhelma Zoo
175 ♂ LA Tamao >2006-08-08 x 1971-08-09 Tama Zoological Park
176 ♀ LA Gitana > x 2024-05-28 West Midland Safari Park
177 ♂ LA Timba >2006-12-08 x 2003-12-16 Parco Faunistico Le Cornelle
178 ♀ LA Princess > x Unknown
179 ♀ LA Baby > x 2023-05-00 Tunis Belvedere Zoo
180 ⚪ LA unknown > Local id: 1 1860 x 1860-00-00 Hamburg Natural History Museum
181 ♀ LA unknown > x Nishinoda African safari
182 ♀ LA unknown >2009 x Nishinoda African safari
183 ♀ LA unknown > x American Circus
184 ♂ LA Dalia >1943-05-19 x 1927-00-00 Buenos Aires Zoo
185 ♂ LA Fénykövi elephant >1955-11-13 x Cuando River region
186 ♀ LA Matadi >1950 x 1950-00-00 Frankfurt Zoo
187 ♀ LA Baby > x 2022-07-00 Elefantenreservat Starkenberg
188 ♀ LA Kleo > AERP id: KB x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
189 ♀ LA Kora > AERP id: KB x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
190 ♂ LA X004 > Local id: X004 x Amboseli National Park
191 ♂ LA Giant (wild) > x Zambezi National Park
192 ♂ LP Hierakonpolis elephant Tomb 33 > x Hierakonpolis Nekhen royal menagerie
193 ♂ LP Hierakonpolis elephant Tomb 24 > x Hierakonpolis Nekhen royal menagerie
194 ♂ LA Goliath (wild) > x Zambezi National Park
195 ♂ LA Baby > x Zoo Circus
196 ⚪ LA Murinzi > x 1975-00-00 Akagera National Park
197 ⚪ ML RBCM Moeritherium > x Africa unspecified location
198 ⚪ PM unknown > x Africa unspecified location
199 ♂ LA Delia Akeley elephant >1905-00-00 x Africa unspecified location
200 ♂ LA Carl Akeley elephant >1905-00-00 x Africa unspecified location
201 ⚪ LA Hola elephant > x Unknown
202 ♂ LP Victor > x King Pyrrhus of Epirus
203 ♀ LA Nicholaus IIs elephant >1916 x 1916-00-00 Moscow Zoo
204 ♀ LA Sizi > Local id: 3 x Zambezi National Park
205 ♂ LA Tulku > Local id: 4 x Zambezi National Park
206 ♂ LA Matabele > Local id: 6 x 2015-07-11 Zimbabwe Elephant Nursery (ZEN)
207 ♂ LA Maisha >2021-06-26 x Lukenya Field headquarters
208 ♀ LA Kiki > x Rex Williams
209 ♀ LA Fei Fei > x Nanning Zoo
210 ♀ LA Zhou Zhou > x 2013-05-00 Beijing Zoo
211 ♀ LA Daisy > x 1985-00-00 U.S.A. unspecified location
212 ♀ LA Temba > x 2022-04-00 Safari Park Richter
213 ♀ LA Suna > x Waltersdorf Zoo (Tier-Erlebnispark Waltersdorf)
214 ♂ LA Satao II >2017-03-00 x Tsavo National Park
215 ♂ LA Kegol >2024-04-00 x Masai Mara
216 ⚪ LA Unknown > x 1870-00-00 Dresden Zoo
217 ♀ LA Kizzy > AERP id: KB x 1977-01-00 Amboseli National Park
218 ♀ LA Dumbo > x Irem Shrine Circus
219 ⚪ LC Mukkei >1955 x Naples Fuorigrotta Zoo
220 ♀ LA Temba > EEP id: 1984XX? 1984? x 1984-00-00 Ljubljana Zoo
221 ⚪ LA unknown > x Mughal Empire
222 ♀ LA unknown > x 1973-00-00 Sao Paulo Zoo


Source for the list of elephants born at Africa unspecified location

Reference list

Facts about Wild born elephants at Africa unspecified location in Africa unspecified country, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2024), available online retrieved 13 June 2024 at https://www.elephant.se/location2.php?location_id=3077 (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this list:

Latest updateName of elephantSource (if it is a website, the target website will open in new window)
2023-09-30 Jing Jing:• https://elefanten-fotolexikon.eu/profile/asien/china/peking-beijing-zoo/jing-jing/
2021-02-25 Hierakonpolis elephant Tomb 33:• https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/150525-ancient-egypt-zoo-pets-hierakonpolis-baboons-archaeology
•  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nekhen
•  http://www.hierakonpolis-online.org/nekhennews/nn-21-2009.pdf
•  https://www.academia.edu/7988101/THE_ELITE_PREDYNASTIC_CEMETERY_AT_HIERAKONPOLIS_2009_2010_Update
2021-02-25 Hierakonpolis elephant Tomb 24:• https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/150525-ancient-egypt-zoo-pets-hierakonpolis-baboons-archaeology
•  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nekhen
•  http://www.hierakonpolis-online.org/nekhennews/nn-21-2009.pdf
•  https://www.academia.edu/7988101/THE_ELITE_PREDYNASTIC_CEMETERY_AT_HIERAKONPOLIS_2009_2010_Update
2021-02-03 Linda:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
•  Olga Dabrowska, Poznan Zoo
•  Zoo Poznan Official Site on Facebook
2021-01-12 Mambo:• https://www.focus.de/panorama/welt/todes-drama-tierschuetzer-mit-schwerem-vorwurf-zirkus-elefanten-mambo-und-betty-erstickt_id_12573546.html
2020-12-09 Gitana:• Tobias Dornbusch, EEG, Germany.
•  http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
2020-12-05 Buba:• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  http://www.npo.nl/zapp-echt-gebeurd/08-05-2016/KN_1680375
•  http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=7567
•  Christian Hamel, France
2020-12-03 Bambi:• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  https://www.lejsl.com/edition-macon/2016/10/22/en-images-le-petit
•  Christian Hamel, France
•  https://elefanten.fandom.com/wiki/Bamby
2020-10-14 Sanga:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 17/2010, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-10-12 Siam:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-10-12 Sudan:• Dornbusch, Tobias; Elefanten in den Althoff-Circussen, Elefanten-Magazin, Heft 24/2013, https://www.elefanten-schutz-europa.de/Veroeffentlichungen/Magazin/Magazin-21-25/
2020-08-12 Kenny:• https://elefanten-fotolexikon.eu/profile/asien/japan/nagoya-higashiyama-zoo/kenny-0/
2020-08-12 Kenny:• https://elefanten-fotolexikon.eu/profile/asien/japan/nagoya-higashiyama-zoo/kenny-0/
2020-08-03 Sebas pickled elephant:• Ewen Callaway, https://www.nature.com/news/linnaeus-s-asian-elephant-was-wrong-species-1.14063
2020-06-29 Baby:• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  http://www.courrier-picard.fr/130477/article/2018-08-18/une-invitee-de-taille-au-parc-des-grands-felins-de-saint-leger-en-bray
•  https://www.rdventerreanimale.fr/balades-en-immersion/balade-avec-un-elephant-dafrique/
2020-05-15 Ramboline:• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
2020-05-06 Lilly:• http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
•  http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Zirkus
2020-05-06 Temba:• http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
•  http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Zirkus
•  https://elefanten.fandom.com/wiki/Temba
2020-05-06 Suna:• http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Zirkus
•  http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
2018-11-27 Masa:• https://www.kentlive.news/news/kent-news/howletts-wild-animal-park-elephant-3288670
2018-10-24 Maisha:• https://www.sheldrickwildlifetrust.org/news/updates/unexpected-loss-of-maisha
2018-08-24 Sahib:• http://www.elefantenhof-platschow.de/in_memoriam.htm
•  http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
2018-08-01 Daisy:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2018-08-01 Bambi:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2018-07-02 Afrique:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
•  Article and Image at ShowMe Elephants: <a href="http://www.showmeelephants.com/2012/05/de-olmense-zoo.html">"De Olmense Zoo," 05/17/2012</a>
2018-07-01 Lan Po:• Taipei Zoo, through Zoological Information Management System (ZIMS)
2018-06-15 Tempo (Tembo, Håkon):• Jens Lilleør, Aalborg Zoo
• Jens Madsen, Copenhagen
•  Torben Klöfkorn, Zoo in der Wingst
2018-06-12 Inga:• http://www.lessentiel.lu/de/news/grossregion/story/26393107
2018-05-26 Sandri (Sandrie):• Spartaco Gippoliti
•  Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2018-05-17 Sizi:• https://www.zimbabweelephantnursery.com/sizi/
2018-05-17 Tulku:• https://www.zimbabweelephantnursery.com/sizi-3/
2018-05-17 Matabele:• https://www.zimbabweelephantnursery.com/sizi-2/
2018-05-16 Salima:• http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
•  http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Salima
2018-05-16 Sheila:• Jaap Reijngoud
•  http://elefanten.wikia.com/wiki/Sheela
2018-05-13 Laila (Leila):• EEG Magazine nr 19, July 2011, by European Elephant Group
•  Page 112 Circus Krone by Frieda Sembach-Krone
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2018-05-10 Edie:• Ryan Easley, USA
2018-05-10 Samba:• http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2416072/French-petanque-player-84-killed-tonne-elephant-run-away-circus.html
•  Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
2018-03-14 Opal:• Jelle Boef
2017-03-11 Mocamba:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2017-03-10 Somali:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2017-03-08 Tembo:• ISIS through Peter Stolk
2017-03-07 Satao II:• https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/mar/06/poachers-kill-satao-ii-elephant-kenya-tsavo-big-tusker
2017-02-10 Baby (Tonga?):• Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  http://www.fyens.dk/article/1576196?fbrefresh=true
2017-01-08 Chuppek:• Arnold de Boevere, Netherlands
•  http://www.european-elephant-group.com/files/PDF/20-2011_circusafrikaner_folgeschaeden.pdf
2016-01-08 Baira:• http://www1.folha.uol.com.br/folhinha/dicas/di21020406.htm
•  Jonas Livet, France
•  http://www.iol.co.za/?click_id=143&art_id=qw10772656215B216&set_id=1
•  http://guiadoscuriosos.com.br/categorias/2067/1/zoologico-de-sao-paulo.html
•  Enzo Henriques, Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2016-01-05 Barnes Big Ruth:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/09/ruth-2.html
2014-04-23 Daisy:• Ryan Easley, USA
2014-02-03 Jumbo:• Richard Reynolds, Buckles Blog at http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2008/03/new-book-on-jumbo-from-richard-reynolds.html
•  Paul Chambers, Jumbo: The Greatest Elephant in the World</a>, Steerforth, 224 pp. at http://www.amazon.com/dp/1586421417?tag=elephantconsulta&camp=14573&creative=327641&linkCode=as1&creativeASIN=1586421417&adid=0HBGCT2DAW644ND90S4M&
•  https://lbry-web-007.amnh.org/digital/index.php/items/show/60745
2013-11-23 Sara:• The African Forest Elephant and its status in captivity. Part 1: Europe, by Don Cousins, International Zoo News No. 251 (41/2) March 1994. Online list at http://www.zoochat.com/2/african-forest-elephants-completely-gone-zoos-215250/index2.html
2013-06-02 Fei Fei:• http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2013-05/27/content_16536842.htm
•  http://liuzhou.co.uk/wordpress/2012/08/04/zoo-blues/
2013-06-02 Zhou Zhou:• http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2013-05/27/content_16536842.htm
2013-05-27 unknown:• The African Forest Elephant and its status in captivity. Part 1: Europe, by Don Cousins, International Zoo News No. 251 (41/2) March 1994
•  Page 57, The Wild Elephants and the Method of Capturing and Taming it in Ceylon, by J. Emerson Tennent
•  Memoires Pour Servir L'Histoire Naturelle
•  Page 258, Elephants: A Cultural and Natural History, by Karl Groning and Martin Saller
2013-05-08 Lulu:• https://themalaysianreserve.com/2024/04/11/performing-animal-welfare-society-announces-death-of-lulu-oldest-african-elephant-in-north-america/
2013-05-08 Mara:• http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=2245&dat=20031003&id=M_YlAAAAIBAJ&sjid=yfwFAAAAIBAJ&pg=6957,3399827
•  http://www.pawsweb.org/meet_elephants.html
2013-02-18 Thai:• http://www.nw-news.de/top_news/7920260_Elefantenbulle_Thai_mit_32_Jahren_gestorben.html
2012-11-20 Toutoune (Toutonne):• http://www.zoodegranby.com/cgi-bin/zoo/process/locale/en_US/page/search.html?fi=zones&st=db&sp=core_zones_sub_info&co=1&sf=z_code&se=00099&op=rm&nu=1&su=0&ml=1
2012-10-16 Satara:• Tomokazu Doigami, Japan.
•  https://elefanten-fotolexikon.eu/profile/azie/japan/shizuoka-susono-fuji-safaripark/satara/
2012-09-18 Roland:• Anton Frank
2012-09-04 Churchill (Babar):• http://www.parcsafari.com/en/news-details-2.htm?nws=3811126878
•  Wayne Jackson, Canada
• Francis Lavigne
• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-08-21 Rambo (Dumbo):• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2012-07-05 Gipsy (Gypsie):• Kolmarden Zoo records, Sven Mellgren
2012-07-05 Nobi (Noby):• Kolmarden Zoo records, Sven Mellgren
2012-07-05 Tembo (Tempo):• Kolmarden Zoo records, Sven Mellgren
2012-07-01 Jumbo:• Spartaco Gippoliti
•  http://giardinozoologicodiroma.it/Collegamenti/Elefanti.html
•  Critical inventory of Loxodonta and Elephas (Mammalia, Proboscidea) cranial remains in the collections of the Museo Civico di Zoologia of Rome, https://shorturl.at/nvxO4
2012-06-11 Kiki:• Wade Burck
•  http://circusnospin.blogspot.com/2012/03/tetzlaffs_2722.html
•  https://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2017/07/8-animal-farms.html
2012-05-29 Hatari (Billy):• Buckles Woodcock
2012-05-24 Megu:• https://elefanten.fandom.com/wiki/Megu
2012-05-24 Kosti:• https://elefanten.fandom.com/wiki/Kosti
2012-04-17 Sudan:• Buckles Web Log, From Chris Berry #2
• "Sarasota 1947 #1 (From Buckles)," Buckles Web Log, 2010-07-27
•  Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2012-04-12 Annie:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
2012-03-31 RBCM Moeritherium:• https://motleymoose.net/2016/10/31/4403/the-royal-british-columbia-museums-exhibit-on-mammoths-and-ancient-proboscideans/
2012-03-31 unknown:• https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Phiomia_minor.jpg
•  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phiomia
2012-03-31 Curve:• https://natureandwildlife.tv/elephant/extremely-rare-elephant-twins-are-born-for-the-first-time-in-a-decade-2/
2012-03-31 Ingani:• https://spaceforelephantsfoundation.wordpress.com/2012/07/29/extract-from-ww/
2012-03-31 Delia Akeley elephant:• https://www.fieldmuseum.org/about/history/carl-akeley
2012-03-31 Carl Akeley elephant:• https://www.fieldmuseum.org/about/history/carl-akeley
2012-03-31 Hola elephant:• https://sverigesradio.se/artikel/6825531
•  Love Dahlén, Swedish Museum of Natural History (NRM)
•  Adrian Lister, London Natural History Museum
2012-03-31 Victor:• Lane Fox, Robin (1973). Alexander the Great. Penguin. p. 339. ISBN 9780140088786.
•  https://erenow.net/biographies/alexanderthegreatrobinlane/25.php
2012-03-31 Nicholaus IIs elephant:• https://www.mos.ru/en/news/item/43645073/
2012-03-31 Dumbo:• https://www.inquirer.com/philly/news/breaking/20100415_Animal_group__Dumbos_handlers_death_no_accident.html
2012-03-27 Murinzi:• https://www.thebharatexpressnews.com/this-elephant-conservation-safari-in-rwanda-is-a-must-do/
2012-03-12 Baby:• Toni Rhodin, Malmö, Sweden
2012-03-11 Baby:• https://www.bild.de/regional/thueringen/thueringen-aktuell/thueringen-elefant-baby-verletzte-trainerin-schwer-behoerde-stoppt-ruessel-rambo-81405852.bild.html?t_ref=https%3A%2F%2Fm.bild.de%2Fregional%2Fthueringen%2Fthueringen-aktuell%2Fthueringen-elefant-baby-verletzte-trainerin-schwer-behoerde-stoppt-ruessel-rambo-81405852.bildMobile.html
2012-03-07 Matadi:• Dr. Peter Dollinger, Zoo Office Bern, Switzerland.
•  Zooelefant.de (Christian Remenyi)
2012-02-22 Bonnie:• <a href="http://bucklesw.blogspot.com/2007/03/to-cindy-potter.html">Buckles Weblog</a>
•  Chris Berry
2011-12-30 Fénykövi elephant:• https://naturalhistory.si.edu/exhibits/african-bush-elephant
•  https://siris-sihistory.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=1625X853BX806.536&profile=sicall&source=~!sichronology&view=subscriptionsummary&uri=full=3100001~!818~!4&ri=9&aspect=Keyword&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=elephant&index=.GW&uindex=&aspect=Keyword&menu=search&ri=9
•  https://siris-sihistory.si.edu/ipac20/ipac.jsp?session=1625X853BX806.536&profile=sicall&source=~!sichronology&view=subscriptionsummary&uri=full=3100001~!1129~!5&ri=13&aspect=Keyword&menu=search&ipp=20&spp=20&staffonly=&term=elephant&index=.GW&uindex=&aspect=Keyword&menu=search&ri=13
2011-12-08 Malaika:• <a href="http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=4415">Cheyenne Mountain Zoo Welcomes New Elephant, 2008-12-15</a>
•  <a href="http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=4603">Zoos Latest Elephant Is A Big Star, 2009-03-15</a>
•  Kim Z
•  https://www.kktv.com/2023/05/14/cheyenne-mountain-zoo-says-goodbye-one-of-a-kind-elephant/
2011-09-30 Tamao:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2011-06-05 Citta:• EEG Magazine nr 18, Jan 2010, by European Elephant Group
2011-06-05 Dalia:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
•  Enzo Henriques, Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2011-04-26 Old Bet:• Stuart Thayer, USA
•  Page 9, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
•  African elephants on American Circus, with 1804 to 1936, by Bill Johnston, Bandwagon May June 1992,
•  Elephant Notes and New. Shoshani et.al 2000. Available at https://digitalcommons.wayne.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1165&context=elephant
•  https://q1065.fm/why-a-farmer-from-alfred-killed-one-of-the-first-circus-elephants/
2011-04-26 Jumbo II:• Wild Animals in and out of the Zoo by William M. Mann
2011-04-26 Jumbina:• Wild Animals in and out of the Zoo by William M. Mann
2011-04-07 Missy:• Ryan Easley, USA
2011-04-06 Willy:• Ryan Easley, USA
•  Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
•  <a href="http://www.elephant-news.com/index.php?id=5619" target="_blank">"Cleveland Metroparks Zoo will welcome its first bull elephant," Elephant-News.com, 2010-11-10</a>
•  https://elefanten.fandom.com/wiki/Willy
2011-04-06 Pai Tai:• Taipei Zoo, through Zoological Information Management System (ZIMS)
2011-03-27 Samson:• From Buckles, Buckles Web Log, 2008-03-03
2011-03-02 Christi:• News article about the elephant AI
• 2008-02-18: Third try charm: Hogle Zoo elephant growing big baby bump
2011-01-03 Babar III:• Wayne Jackson
2010-12-30 Congo:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-11-30 Mogli:• Arnold de Boevere, Netherlands
2010-11-30 Malou:• Arnold de Boevere, Netherlands
2010-05-22 unknown:• Mikael Waxman, Sweden.
2010-05-22 Reed:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-05-02 unknown:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-05-02 unknown:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2010-04-14 Mimi:• Sandra Devaney, Registrar/Research Coordinator, Dublin Zoo
2010-04-09 Rosa:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling Survey 2008 - Elephants in European circuses published by European Elephant Group: Tobias Dornbusch, Jürgen Schilfarth
•  Christian Hamel, France
2010-02-27 Pepi:• EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by European Elephant Group
2010-02-27 unknown:• EEG Magazine nr 16, Dec 2009, by European Elephant Group
2010-02-16 Artie (Aardvark):• "The Elephants of the Watani Grasslands," North Carolina Zoo
•  "Riddle's Sanctuary #1 (From Scott Riddle)," Buckles Web Log, 2010-02-16
•  "Riddle's Sanctuary #2," Buckles Web Log, 2010-02-16
2009-11-29 Daisy:• Chris Lucas, Blair Drummond Safari Park, United Kingdom
2009-11-23 unknown:• Page 153, 154 Beasts and Men, by Carl Hagenbeck
2009-11-14 Bismarck:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
• https://classic.circushistory.org/Query/Query09a.htm
• Page 18, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-11-14 Princess:• 
Bob Cline, Cheraw, South Carolina, United States. Autor of the book Americas elephants
•  Page 43, Carl Hagenbeck, by Haug von Kuenheim
•  Page 18, 20, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-11-09 Neptun:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2009-11-06 Timba:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-10-31 Safari:• Peter Stolk, Netherlands
2009-03-29 Lady:• Ryan Easley, USA
2009-03-21 Vanni:• Dan Koehl
• Teija Hakkarainen, elephant keeper in Zoolandia
• Vanni, Suomalaisen norsuhistorian lyhyt oppimäärä by Markku Aulanko, 2005, ISBN 952-91-9624-5.
2009-01-30 Jumbo:• http://www.stuttgarter-wochenblatt.de/stw/page/detail.php/1933282
2009-01-09 Sabi:• Arnold de Boevere, Netherlands
•  https://elefanten-fotolexikon.eu/profile/europa/duitsland/zirkus-voyage-spindler/sabi-1
2009-01-05 Zola:• Celebrations Have Been In Order
•  Heartbreak Over Elephant Death
2009-01-04 Tara:• Ryan Easley, USA
2009-01-01 Pouquois (Puqua):• Buckles Web Log, From Chris Berry #2
•  Pages 64, 65, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2009-01-01 Congo:• Buckles Web Log, From Chris Berry #2
•  Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
2008-12-20 unknown:• Spartaco Gippoliti, Rome, Italy
2008-10-15 Babar:• Spartaco Gippoliti, Rome, Italy
2008-09-30 Output:• Ryno Joubert, History of the Knysna Elephants: The Southernmost Free Roaming Elephants in the World (2020), at https://www.knysnamuseums.co.za//media/doc/hl/history_knysna_elephants_joubert.pdf
•  Meet Oupoot, the only elephant left in the entire Knysna forest, at https://www.news24.com/news24/SouthAfrica/News/meet-oupoot-the-only-elephant-left-in-the-entire-knysna-forest-20190215
•  Research confirms female elephant in the Knysna forest, https://www.sanparks.org/about/news/default.php?id=57723
2008-03-30 Chevrette:• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2008-03-30 Sahib:• p. 86,
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
• Oettermenn, Schaulust am Elefanten
2008-03-21 Alicia:• Jessica Jeniu Perez, March 2008
• Peter Stolk, 2007
• 
Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
2007-07-08 Toto:• Christoffer Brack, Wüppertal, Germany. Facebook: https://web.facebook.com/profile.php?id=100073098771893
2007-03-14 Makonga:• Michael Mettler
2007-03-09 Buli:• https://sirkusteltta.blogspot.com/2016/12/finlandian-norsut-elephants-of-finlandia.html
2007-02-16 Gira:• https://www.descifrado.com/2019/03/01/crisis-mueren-una-elefanta-y-un-poni-en-zoologico-de-barquisimeto01mar/
0000-00-00 Mukkei:• Critical inventory of Loxodonta and Elephas (Mammalia, Proboscidea) cranial remains in the collections of the Museo Civico di Zoologia of Rome, https://shorturl.at/nvxO4
0000-00-00 Temba:• Matija Ramšak, Ljubljana Zoo.
0000-00-00 unknown:• https://asianart.org/
0000-00-00 unknown:• Enzo Henriques, Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


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