Munich Zoo in Germany

Munich Zoo
A landmark of Hellabrunn Zoo: The old elephant house was built in 1914
A landmark of Hellabrunn Zoo: The old elephant house was built in 1914

Local nameMunchner Tierpark Hellabrunn
Size40 ha (99 acres)
Opened for public1911
Number of species767
Number of animals18943
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Relevant literature

Munich Zoo, in Munich, Germany, was founded in 1905, opened for public in 1911.

Living elephants

At Munich Zoo lives 5 elephants with records in this database: (detail list)

  1. Gajendra born 1993-04-30
  2. ,
  3. Mangala born 1993-01-19
  4. ,
  5. Otto born 2020-11-11
  6. ,
  7. Panang born 1989-02-13
  8. ,
  9. Temi born 2001-11-02
  10. ,

Comments / pictures

Tierpark Hellabrunn is the name of the zoological garden in the Bavarian capital Munich. The 36 hectare (89 acre) park is situated on the right bank of the river Isar in the southern part of Munich, near the quarter of Thalkirchen. As the groundwater level here is rather high and the water is of very good quality, the zoo can cover its needs for freshwater by using its own wells.

On February 25, 1905, the Verein Zoologischer Garten München e.V. (Engl. Society of the Zoological Garden of Munich) was founded and the Hellabrunn area was chosen as the location for the zoo.
On August 1, 1911, the zoo, planned by the famous architect Emanuel von Seidl, opened for the public for the first time, but in 1922, it had to be closed down due to the inflation in Germany.
After the re-opening on May 23, 1928, the Tierpark Hellabrunn became the first Geo-Zoo in the world and engaged in the controversial back-breeding to "recreate" extinct animals like Heck cattle (to mimic the Aurochs) and the Tarpan.

During World War II, the zoo sustained massive damage due to allied air raids, but it was able, amazingly, to reopen in May 1945.

In 1970, a badly needed plan for the renovation of the zoo was drawn up.

Under the direction of Prof. Dr. Henning Wiesner, Hellabrunn is today the largest zoo in Europe. The preserves of the animals—about 7,700 vertebrates of 340 different species—are arranged along geographic lines.

The Tierpark Hellabrunn is very active in breeding, reintroduction and conservation projects.

In 2003, about 1.4 million people visited Hellabrunn.


References for records about Munich Zoo

Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan (2021). Munich Zoo, Elephant Encyclopedia. Available online at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

Munich Zoo on

Munich Zoo is mentioned on Elephant News:

DateLinks which opens in new window
2009-11-06Nelly-natal exercise: panang the pregnant elephant practises her maternity stretches - Elephant News
2007-10-08Second elephant stillbirth in munich zoo - Elephant News
Nz zoos turn nose up at electricity from dung - Elephant News
2006-11-02A berlin girl moves to munich! asian elephant temi transfered from berlin to munich - Elephant News

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Categorieszoo in Germany | Germany portal

This document was updated: 2020-11-02 06:32:14

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