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The Cremona elephant at Frederick II (Landgraf Friedrich II) Hohenstaufen of Germany

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Im so sorry...
Due to a forced upgrade to PHP 7.2 and mysqli from Web hotel provider, the site is unfortunately not accessable. Im trying to solve the problem within the next 24 hours...

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 Asian elephant The Cremona elephant at Frederick II (Landgraf Friedrich II) Hohenstaufen of Germany

The Cremona elephant as depicted in the Chronica maiora, Part II, Parker Library, MS 16, fol. 151v
† The Cremona elephant
ID Number:
Species: Asian elephant
Sex and age:, unknown Notice: Undefined variable: age in /customers/6/2/a/elephant.se/httpd.www/database2.php on line 777 Notice: Undefined variable: age in /customers/6/2/a/elephant.se/httpd.www/database2.php on line 782 maybe about years old (estimated age)
Dead date:
Death reason: unknown:
Location:Frederick II (Landgraf Friedrich II) Hohenstaufen of Germany
ArrivedFrederick II (Landgraf Friedrich II) Hohenstaufen of Germany 1229-00-00
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Born: wild
Document updated2012-10-24: 
The second post-roman elephant in Europe after Abul-Abbas, is not known by name.

The Cremona elephant was a gift presented to Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II by Sultan of Egypt Al-Kamil, in 1229. Frederick used the elephant in his triumph parades.

The elephant is mentioned in the context of the visit of Frederick's brother-in-law Richard of Cornwall to Cremona in 1241, in the Chronica Maiora of Matthew Paris. The presence of the animal is also recorded in the Cremona city annals, in 1237.

This elephant was the first of its species reported from first-hand experience by European sources since the days of Abul-Abbas owned by Charlemagne. Another 13th century individual with unknown was owned by Louis IX (attested for 1255) and hosed in the Towern.

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