† The Cremona elephant is a dead Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died at Frederick II of Holy German empire, in Italy, .
The Cremona elephant was born wild .
The second post-roman elephant in Europe after Abul-Abbas, is not known by name.
The Cremona elephant was a gift presented to Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II by Sultan of Egypt Al-Kamil, in 1229. Frederick used the elephant in his triumph parades.
The elephant is mentioned in the context of the visit of Frederick's brother-in-law Richard of Cornwall to Cremona in 1241, in the Chronica Maiora of Matthew Paris. The presence of the animal is also recorded in the Cremona city annals, in 1237.
This elephant was the first of its Species
reported from first-hand experience by European sources since the days of Abul-Abbas owned by Charlemagne. Another 13th century individual with unknown was owned by Louis IX (attested for 1255) and hosed in the Towern.
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