Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Phoenix Zoo in United States

dead elephant ☨* ♀ stillborn  dead elephant



Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀, unknown age
Stillborn:☨* 1998-11-06 captive-born (stillborn)
Birth place: in Phoenix Zoo

Parents: Sneezy x ♀ Ruby
Dead: 1998-11-06
Death reason: ☨* stillborn: calf died in utero 2 weeks before caesarean section
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Phoenix Zoo, in United States

Date of arrival

1998-11-06Phoenix Zoo
Record history
History of updates0000-00-00

Latest document update2020-10-18 06:25:24
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† stillborn is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 1998-11-06 at Phoenix Zoo, in United States, . Official death reason described as calf died in utero 2 weeks before caesarean section.


stillborn was born captive-born (stillborn) 1998-11-06 at Phoenix Zoo.


Parents of stillborn are: ♂ Sneezy (father) and ♀ Ruby (mother).

Siblings through the father Sneezy:

  1. 1986-10-05 -- † 1993-11-26 (M) Maverick
  2. 2008-08-14 -- † 2008-08-14 (F) miscarriage
  3. 2011-04-15 -- † 2015-10-01 (F) Malee


stillborns ancestral Pedigree:


Sire (f):

Born: 1973

Sire ff:

Sire fff:
Dame ffm:
Dame fm:

Sire fmf:
Dame fmm:

Dame m:

Born: 1973

Sire mf:

Sire mff:
Dame mfm:
Dame mm:

Sire mmf:
Dame mmm:

Comments / pictures

At the age of seven months, she was brought from her birth place, a logging camp in Thailand, to the U. S. and delivered to the Phoenix Zoo.
In the fall of 1995, Ruby was sent to the Tulsa (OK) Zoo where she stayed for two years. During that time she bred with Tulsa's Asian male, Sneezy.
In the last days of October, Ruby showed signs of entering labor. But nothing happened, and on October 31, a surgical exam revealed that the baby was dead.
Ruby, managed in protected contact, and pregant for her first time was euthanized at the 6th of November due to complications undergoing an surgery c-section.
Ruby's surgery began at appoximately 11:30am by the assembled veterinarians. Through the surgery, a 321 lb calf was removed through the incision. It was found that the Uterus had ruptured and that the calf was in the abdominal cavity, outside of the uterus, hence our inability to remove it via episiotomy. Upon closer examination of the uterus, the tears were too large and too infected to repair. Ruby was euthanized at approximately 12:50pm. It was estimated that the calf had been dead 2 weeks, at about the onset of first labor signs, and that there was possible uterine infection or disease prior to that.

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). stillborn, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Phoenix Zoo in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 19 June 2024 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

  • Email-99: Andrew Smith, elephant keeper in Phoenix Zoo

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Categories1998 deaths | 1998 births | With Pedigree | Elephants from Phoenix Zoo | United States | Asian elephants

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