Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Phoenix Zoo in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♀ Ruby  dead elephant
Photo: Elephant keeper Andrew Smith 1998
Photo: Elephant keeper Andrew Smith 1998


SSP nr173


Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 25 years old
Born:* 1973 wild
Birth place:
Dead: 1998-11-06
Death reason: euthanised: emergency caesarean section and infection
Total: 1 babies

1. Born 1998-11-06
(dead † 1998-11-06)
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Phoenix Zoo, in United States

Date of arrival

1997-11-11Phoenix Zoo
from Tulsa Zoo

1995-10-05Tulsa Zoo
from Phoenix Zoo

Record history
History of updates0000-00-00

Latest document update2020-10-18 06:25:24
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† Ruby is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died 1998-11-06 at Phoenix Zoo, in United States, . Official death reason described as emergency caesarean section and infection.


  1. (F) 1998-11-06 -- † 1998-11-06 stillborn


Ruby was born wild 1973.

Comments / pictures

At the age of seven months, she was brought from her birth place, a logging camp in Thailand, to the U. S. and delivered to the Phoenix Zoo.
In the fall of 1995, Ruby was sent to the Tulsa (OK) Zoo where she stayed for two years. During that time she bred with Tulsa's Asian male, Sneezy.
In the last days of October, Ruby showed signs of entering labor. But nothing happened, and on October 31, a surgical exam revealed that the baby was dead.
Ruby, managed in protected contact, and pregant for her first time was euthanized at the 6th of November due to complications undergoing an surgery c-section.
Ruby's surgery began at appoximately 11:30am by the assembled veterinarians. Through the surgery, a 321 lb calf was removed through the incision. It was found that the Uterus had ruptured and that the calf was in the abdominal cavity, outside of the uterus, hence our inability to remove it via episiotomy. Upon closer examination of the uterus, the tears were too large and too infected to repair. Ruby was euthanized at approximately 12:50pm. It was estimated that the calf had been dead 2 weeks, at about the onset of first labor signs, and that there was possible uterine infection or disease prior to that.

Reference list


Koehl, Dan, (2024). Ruby, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Phoenix Zoo in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 20 July 2024 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

  • Email-99: Andrew Smith, elephant keeper in Phoenix Zoo

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Categories1998 deaths | 1973 births | Born in Thailand | Breeding cows | Elephants from Phoenix Zoo | United States | Asian elephants

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