Heart


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Definition of Heart
(Scientific name: Cardia)

From the elephant glossary Section: elephant anatomy


The position of an elephants Heart is in red color
The position of an elephants Heart is in red color
An elephant Heart at Cornell University Collage of Veterinary medicine
An elephant Heart at Cornell University Collage of Veterinary medicine



Relevant Literature about Heart

The heart of an elephant weighs 12–21 kg (26–46 lb). It has a double-pointed apex, an unusual trait among mammals.[68] In addition, the ventricles separate near the top of the heart, a trait they share with sirenians

From The Heart Rate of the Elephant, Francis G. Benedict, Robert C. LeeWith an electric method employing radio amplification for transmittal of the action currents of the heart to a sensitive Moll galvanometer and special electrodes, records were obtained of the heart rates of 37 Adult, female, Indian elephants, the largest weighing 8,000 and 9,000 pounds.

When the elephants were standing quietly under ordinary conditions of feeding, the rates averaged 30 beats per minute. The lowest rate was 22 and the highest, 39 beats. This latter was found with the only elephant that presented any disciplinary problem and is explained by her extreme nervousness.

When the elephants were lying, the rates were higher, occasionally only one or two beats higher, but usually from 8 to 10 beats higher.

This is contrary to the findings with all other animals, which have lower heart rates when lying. In general, the smallest animals have the highest heart rates. The canary has been reported to have a rate of 1,000 beats, and the large domestic animals show rates of 40 or 50 beats. The elephant, with a rate of about 30 beats, fits perfectly into the picture, being the largest animal and having the lowest heart rate of any of the animals thus far studied.
The Heart Rate of the Elephant, Francis G. Benedict, Robert C. Lee

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Heart mentioned in The Elephant Database
  • No country match the word Heart in the database.

23 locations holdings in the elephant database match the word Heart.

107 elephants in the elephant database match the word Heart




Reference list Koehl, Dan, (2021). Heart. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 20 September 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/index.php?id=35. (archived at the Wayback machine)


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