Free-contact


Definition of Free-contact

From the elephant glossary Section: management


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The free contact (FC) is based on the 5 000 years tradition of alpha animal training technique. The trainer is not only trainer, but is part of the Herd, and the trainer is the leader of the Herd, the alpha animal. NO alternative here, if the trainer fails with this, the elephant will challenge the trainer, either by attacking the trainer, or someone else. It is when the elephant doesnt accept the trainer as alpha-animal, that "accidents" occur.

Records about Free-contact from the Gajah Glossary at https://www.asesg.org/PDFfiles/Gajah/23-01-Glossary.pdf Free-contact: [see also: protected-contact] Doyle 1993) Working with captive elephants, in which there is no border between the human and the elephant.

M. Philip Kahl and Charles Santiapillai, Gajah Elephant Glossary, Gajah nr 23 (2004), Journal for Asian Elephant Specialist Group


Less and less locations in the Western Hemisphere manage elephants in FC.

Central Asia


Almaty Zoo (Alma-Ata Zoo) in Kazakhstan

Europe


Zoos


Belgium


Leipzig Zoo

Czech Republic


Liberec Zoo

Germany


Berlin Zoo, Elefantenhof Platschow, Hagenbeck Tierpark in Hamburg, Leipzig Zoo, Wilhelma Zoo in Stuttgart, and Wuppertal Zoo.

Hungary


Sosto Zoo

United Kingdom, UK


West Midlands, Woburn safari.

Slovenia


Ljubljana Zoo

Switzerland


Knie Kinderzoo in Rappersville

Non Zoos


Skanda Vale Temple, Wales, UK

North America


Canada


African Lion Safari in Cambridge Ontario, and Edmonton Zoo.

U.S.A.


Only privately owned elephants are FC, since AZA mandated PC years ago.

Reference list Koehl, Dan, (2024). Free-contact. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 20 September 2021 at https://www.elephant.se/index.php?id=90. (archived at the Wayback machine)


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Categories glossary | management


About this documentThis document was created: 2004-06-06. Latest update: 2023-09-08 15:13:49 included 1693 characters with valid HTML5 Valid CSS



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