Circus Krone in Germany

Circus Krone

Local name Circus Charles

Owner 1905-1943: Carl Krone Jr.
1943-1957: Ida Krone
1943-1995: Frieda Sembach-Krone
1980-2017: Christl Sembach-Krone
2017-: Jana Pilz-Lacey
First elephant arrived1886
Address Zirkus-Krone-Straße 1-6
Zip-code D-80335
Place Munich
Country Germany
Website Website

Directors: Uhrs Pilz (director)

Key People: Otto Sailer-Jackson (animal trainer)
: Pauline Rivel (artist)
: Karl Kossmayer (animal trainer)
-2021: Cvetomira Kirova Errani (artist)
-: Peter Bento Jr. (artist)
-: Charlie Rivel (artist)
1902-1940: Benoit Ahlers (animal trainer)
1933-: Carl Sembach (animal trainer)
1966-1971: Adi Enders (animal trainer)

VeterinariansDr. Christine Lendl

Elephant department

Head keepers
of elephants
2002-: James Puydebois
(elephant trainer)
1982-1997: Banda Vidane
(elephant trainer)
1998-2000: Patricia Zerbini
(elephant trainer)
2000-2001: Dan Koehl
(elephant stable master)
Harry Jahn
Harry Philadelphia-Huling
Hubert Mirow

Elephant keepers
Google map
Relevant literature

Circus Krone, located at Zirkus-Krone-Straße 1-6, in Munich, Bavaria, Germany , was founded in 1905 and the first elephant arrived in 1886.

Comments / pictures1870: Karl and Frederike Krone (born Philadelphia) founded Menagerie Continental.
1870-10-21: Carl Krone jr (1870-1943) was born in Osnabrück.
1882: Fritz Krone was killed by a bear. Carl Krone left school and began his career with the circus.
1883: name changed to Krones Zoologische Ausstellung
1898: name changed to Carl Krones menageri-circus.
1900-02-01: Carl Krone Sr died.
1905: The new circus was founded with the name Circus Charles.
1905: The circus had 2 elephants.
1914: The name was changed again, to Circus Krone.
1915-04-15: Frieda Krone (1915-1995) was born.

By the end of the war, Krone was almost on Bankruptcy, and in Frankfurt Karl Krone made a telephone call to Firma Ruhe in Alfeld, and offered to send back elephants which were still not paid. Ruhe came to Frankfurt and borrowed Karl Krone money, which was needed to bring the circus to Munich., and so the circus survived, with help from Ruhe. (Source: Wilde Tiere frei Haus by Hermann Ruhe)

1918: the present winterquarters in Munich was bought for the growing circus.
1919: 10 elephants.
1923: 14 elephants.

Circus Krone in Germany GermanyCircus Krone in Frankfurt Altstadt, 1927

1928: The show 683 animals (100 carnivores, 250 horses and 27 elephants).
1932: 26 elephants.
1933: Carl Sembach started to train Krones carnivores.
1935: Carl Sembach married Frieda Krone.
1936: Christl Sembach-Krone (1936-2017) was born.
1943-06-04 Carl Krone died in Salzburg, 77 years old.
1944: The 26 elephants were brought to salt mines in Bad Reichenhall, where they were protected from bombings.
1944-12-21 The winterquarters in Munich are destroyed during bombings.
1945-1949: Due the post-war problems, The circus was not on tour.
1949: 9 elephants, in the end of the year 14.
1956: Ida Krone died in Munich, 80 years old.

Circus Krone in Germany GermanyCircus Krones elephants at Karel Doormanstraat in Netherlands, 1959.

1967: winterquarters rebuilt and modernized
1967: 14 elephants.
1967-04-08: two yongsters in the town Mannheim put the elephant tent on fire, and the 14 elephants were saved, but eight of them were burned severely, and six of the eight with second Grade of firewounds, died, or had to be euthanised.
1975: Mrs. Frieda Sembach-Krone decided at the end of the 1975 season not to present the traditional elephant act by herself, and stable master Harry Jahn took over the presentation and trained the new elephant act with the ballet girls for the season 1976.

Circus Krone in Germany GermanyKrone elephants in 1981, with stablemaster Harry Jahn.

Krone Parade 1980-1984. Troupe Larible, Flying Bels, Claus Lehnert, Banda Vidane, Enrico Caroli - Family, Dieter and Monica Farell, Les Franc Esco, Suzanne and Fudi, Christel Sembach-Krone.

1998: The elephants were from this year transported with trailers, instead of with train.

Circus Krone in Germany Germany

The stable in Munich, 2000. Photo: © Jutta Kirchner

Circus Krone in Germany Germany

Circus Krone in Germany Germany

Krone elephants and Dan Koehl, 1998. Photo © Jan Lindblad Jr.

2017: Christl Sembach-Krone died in Munich. Adoptive daughter Jana Pilz inherited Circus Krone.

Circus Krone in Germany Germany

References for records about Circus Krone

Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan (2024). Circus Krone, Elephant Encyclopedia. Available online at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:

Litterature about Circus Krone

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