Murchison Falls National Park, located in Uganda, was founded in 1952.
Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP) is a national park in Uganda and managed by the Ugandan Wildlife Authority. It is in north-western Uganda, spreading inland from the shores of Lake Albert, around the Victoria Nile, up to the Karuma Falls. The park is the location of the Murchison Falls, where the waters of the Nile flow through a narrow gorge only 7 metres (23 ft) wide before plunging 43 metres (141 ft).
The explorers John Speke and James Grant were the first Europeans to visit the present day MFCA in 1862. It was more thoroughly explored by Samuel and Florence Baker in 1863–1864. Baker named the falls Murchison Falls after the geologist Roderick Murchison, then the president of the Royal Geographical Society. In 1952, the British administration established the National Parks Act of Uganda. The area described above became Murchison Falls National Park.