Elephants at camp locations in Nepal


26 camp locations has kept elephants in Nepal
There is presently 136 (40,82) living elephants in camp locations in Nepal (in this database)

Region: Nepal is in this database included in asiaOther regions
Wild elephants:

Nepal has about 126 (min. 109, max. 142) wild elephants. Source:Pradhan et al. (2011)

Location holdings:

26 camp locations has kept 165 elephants in Nepal

(Database tables with collection of elephants further down on the page)

Elephants in camp locations136 (40,82) living29 (10,12) dead
Sex ratio and
Management:
 Male  40 / 136 
 29%
 Female  82 / 136 
 60%
 Free contact  115 / 136 
 85%
 Protected contact  0 / 136  0%
 No contact  0 / 136  0%
 Unknown contact  6 / 136 
 4%
 wild  1 / 136 
 1%


1914: A total of 17 captive elephants were released into the wild in 1914

1945-1970: 10 wild elephants were captured for taming during 1954-1970.

1973: capture of wild elephants became strictly prohibited.

Wild elephants


Many wild elephants migrate between India and Nepal, where rapidly rising human populations devastated lowland forest herds. Small herds have stabilised in protected reserves.

1996: population was estimated to 50-60 (Santiapillai, IUCN 1996).

2008: 100-170 (Sukumar 2008)

2011: 128 elephants. (Pradhan et al., 2011)

Captive elephants


Gaja or Prasad denotes a male, and Kali denotes a female elephant.

Phanit denotes an official driver and senior keeper, Pachuwa: assistant, and Mahut, 2nd assistant.

The Rana rulers established Hattisars (elephant stables) as part of their big game hunting exploits. Between 1898 and 1970 there were 31 such hattisars for captive elephants, stretching from Jhapa in east Nepal to Kanchanpur in far west Nepal. The last wild elephant was captured near Parsa in 1969

Government elephant stables are called sarkari hattisar.

2011: 236 registered captive elephants. (Locke, 2011)

2014: Nepal has about 150 captive elephants under both government and private individuals distributed in three locations such us the Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Chitwan National Park, Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and Bardia National Park.
Surendra Varma, Suparna Ganguly (2011)

Other sources state: There are around 200 captive elephants in Nepal. Around 100 of them are owned by the Department of National Park and Wildlife Conservation and 100 by private institutions
Jeewan Thapa

Bardia


17 elephants have 41 handlers in the Bardia National Park. All the adult female elephants had been bought. Surendra Varma, Suparna Ganguly (2011)



Recommended Citation

Koehl, Dan, Facts about elephants in Nepal. Elephant Encyclopedia, (2021) available online retrieved at https://www.elephant.se/country.php?name=Nepal.
(archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources, among others


Internal relevant links

  • The elephant database startpage. Statistics
  • News about elephants in Nepal (From the sister site Elephant News)


  • NameElephant collectionTypePlaceDistrictProvinceStateRegion
    Amriti hattisar
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan National Park
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Baghmara hattisar (Baghmara Wildlife Resort)
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSauraha
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Bardia hattisar
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 4 present (0,2)2 births0 relocated1 deathscampBardia
    (map)
    Belsar hattisar
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan National Park
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Biratnagar Hattisar (Sunsari hattisar)
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSunsari
    (map)
    Sunsari DistrictProvince No. 1Outer Terai
    Chitwan Forest Resort
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSauraha
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Dibyapuri hattisar
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (2,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampSauraha
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Gadini outpost
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscamp
    Ghidenighat hattisar
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (2,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan National Park
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Kanchanpur hattisar
    Kept totally 0 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampKanchanpur
    (map)
    Banke DistrictBheri Zonesouth-western Nepal
    Kasara hatisar (Kasara Resort, Chitwan)
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 6 present (1,4)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan National Park
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Khachhuwani hattisar
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated2 deathscampChitwan National Park
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Khoryahoman hattisar
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan National ParkChitwan District
    Koshi Tappu Hattisar (KTWR)
    Kept totally 21 elephants
    , 13 present (3,9)10 births4 relocated4 deathscampRajbiraj
    (map)
    Province No. 2Terai, southeastern Nepal
    Kujauli hattisar
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (1,1)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan District
    Lamichaure hattisar
    Kept totally 1 elephants
    , 1 present (1,0)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan National Park
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Meghauli hattisar
    Kept totally 5 elephants
    , 5 present (2,3)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan National Park
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    NTNC-Biodiversity Conservation Center
    Kept totally 4 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)2 births0 relocated2 deathscampSauraha
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Parsa Hattisar
    Kept totally 11 elephants
    , 11 present (1,4)1 births0 relocated0 deathscampNarayanghat
    (map)
    Parsa DistrictProvince No. 2southeastern Nepal
    Sauraha elephant breeding centre
    Kept totally 88 elephants
    , 51 present (18,30)50 births24 relocated13 deathscampBharatpur
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Sauraha unspecified location
    Kept totally 6 elephants
    , 1 present (0,1)1 births3 relocated2 deathscampSauraha
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Sukibhar hattisar
    Kept totally 2 elephants
    , 2 present (0,2)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampChitwan National Park
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Suklaphanta hattisar
    Kept totally 8 elephants
    , 6 present (3,3)2 births0 relocated2 deathscamp
    (map)
    Tiger Tops Jungle Lodge
    Kept totally 14 elephants
    , 0 present (0,0)2 births12 relocated2 deathscampChitwan
    (map)
    Chitwan District
    Tiger Tops Karnali Lodge (Bardia)
    Kept totally 3 elephants
    , 3 present (0,3)0 births0 relocated0 deathscampBardia
    (map)
    Tiger Tops Tharu Lodge
    Kept totally 14 elephants
    , 12 present (1,11)0 births1 relocated1 deathscamp
    (map)
    Chitwan District



    This document was updated: 2020-11-10 10:48:18


    Elephant Encyclopedia and database
    ELEPHANT
    ENCYCLOPEDIA

    Established 1995
    ELEPHANT
    DATABASE
    Established 2006
    Search for keywords
    Your ip: 44.192.22.242