Columbia (Young America) an Asian elephant at Barnum and Bailey Circus



 ☨ ♀ Columbia (Young America)  
Babe and Columbia in 1880 at the Cooper & Bailey winter quarters in Philadelphia.
Babe and Columbia in 1880 at the Cooper & Bailey winter quarters in Philadelphia.

Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Female ♀ 27 years old
Id numberSSP Number: (3)

People killed:1
Origin
Born:* 1880-03-10 captive-born
Birth place: in Cooper and Bailey Circus
Birth weight 97.27 kgs, 213.99 lbs

Parents: Mandarin x ♀ Hebe (Babe)
Death
Dead date: 1907-11-08
Death reason: euthanised: strangulated, because of aggressiveness
Locations
Present / last location:Barnum and Bailey Circus, in United States

Date of Arrival

1881-00-00Barnum and Bailey Circus
from Cooper and Bailey Circus

Document updated2010-11-12: corr weight
2010-11-16: 
Random literature
Description

† Columbia (Young America) is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant, (Elephas maximus), who died at Barnum and Bailey Circus, in United States, euthanised in 1907-11-08, strangulated, because of aggressiveness(see detailed list).

Origin


Columbia (Young America) was born captive-born 1880-03-10 in Cooper and Bailey Circus.

Parentage


Parents of Columbia (Young America) are: ♂ Mandarin (father) and ♀ Hebe (Babe) (mother).


Siblings through the father Mandarin:

  1. 1875-05-31 -- † <1875-06-01 (unknown) Joe

Siblings through the mother Hebe (Babe):

  1. 1875-05-31 - † <1875-06-01 (unknown) Joe

Pedigree


Columbia (Young America)s pedigree:
P I II III

Columbia (Young America)

Sire:
Mandarin

Sire:
Sire:
Dame:
Dame:
Sire:
Dame:

Dame:
Hebe (Babe)

Sire:
Sire:
Dame:
Dame:
Sire:
Dame:


Comments / pictures

Columbia was born in Winterquarters in Philadelphia.

Hebe was sired by Mandarin at The Great London Circus, which was purchased by Cooper and Bailey in 1878.

Although her mother, Hebe, commonly known about the show as Babe, was one of the best-natured elephants I ever knew, the daughter grew meaner and meaner as she got older, until in 1905 or 1906 she had to be killed. Mr. Bates, who was assistant superintendent of elephants for a long period of years, told me she inherited her vicious disposition from her sire.
W. Henry Sheak, The Elephant in Captivity, Natural History, September-October 1922



Reference listKoehl, Dan, (2020). Columbia (Young America), an Asian at Barnum and Bailey Circus in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 28 November 2020 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=1013. (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:


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    Categories1907 deaths | 1880 births | Elephants from Barnum and Bailey Circus | United States | Mankillers | Asian elephants



    This document was updated: 2020-10-18 06:25:24


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