Joe
Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) at
Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie in United States

dead elephant ☨ ♂ Joe  dead elephant

Identification


Description

Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Subspecies: Elephas maximus maximus
Sex and age:Male ♂, unknown age
Origin
Born:* 1875-05-31 captive-born
Birth place: in Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie

Parents: Mandarin x ♀ Hebe (Babe)
Death
Dead: <1875-06-01
Death location: St Joseph?
Death reason: unknown:
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie, in United States

Date of arrival

1875-05-31Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie
Record history
History of updates2009-11-14: 

Latest document update2021-07-29 03:59:42
Relevant literature
Biography

† Joe is a dead Male ♂ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died <1875-06-01 at Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie, in United States, .

Origin


Joe was born captive-born 1875-05-31 at Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie.

Parentage


Parents of Joe are: ♂ Mandarin (father) and ♀ Hebe (Babe) (mother).

Siblings through the father Mandarin:

  1. 1880-03-10 -- † 1907-11-08 (F) Columbia (Young America)

Siblings through the mother Hebe (Babe):

  1. 1880-03-10 - † 1907-11-08 (F) Columbia (Young America)

Pedigree


Joes ancestral Pedigree:
P I II III

Joe

Sire (f):
Mandarin

Born: 1854

Sire ff:


Born:
Sire fff:
Dame ffm:
Dame fm:


Born:
Sire fmf:
Dame fmm:

Dame m:
Hebe (Babe)

Born: 1860

Sire mf:


Born:
Sire mff:
Dame mfm:
Dame mm:


Born:
Sire mmf:
Dame mmm:


Comments / pictures

The first documented birth of a captive asian elephant outside Asia.

This birth is documented in the New York Clipper news from 12 June 1875, as well as in the book below.

Joe was born on Monday, May 31, 1875. The female went into labor as the Howe's Great London train was en route from Omaha (played on Sat 29th) to Kansas City for an engagement on Monday (31). When the train got to St Joseph they decided to unload her. She was moved to the Exposition Grounds where the birth took place on Monday (31). The show was back in St. Joseph for a date on June 3.
The calf does not seem to have lived to be exhibited by the circus on show day. However, a lot of townspeople had gone to the Exhibition Grounds to see the mother and baby on June 1.

Bill Slout gave all the details about this in his fine 2000 book, "A Royal Coupling, The Historic Marriage of Barnum & Bailey."

Chang Reynolds, 13 July, 2007

Reference list

References

Koehl, Dan, (2021). Joe, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 9 August 2022 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=3131. (archived at the Wayback machine)


Sources used for this article is among others:

  • Page 23, 24, 25, Elefanten in Zoo und Circus, Dokumentation 2 Nordamerika, 1997, by European Elephant Group: Haufellner, Schilfarth, Schweiger
  • Buckles weblog
  • A Royal Coupling, The Historic Marriage of Barnum & Bailey, by Bill Slout
  • The Morning Daily Herald
  • Elephants and Egotists by Patricia Sumerling
Links

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Categories<187 deaths | 1875 births | With Pedigree | Elephants from Howes Great London Circus, Hippodrome, and Sangers English Menagerie | United States | Asian elephants


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