Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) Hansken at Cornelis Jacobs van Groenevelt Description † Hansken is a dead Female ♀ Asian elephant (, , who died at Elephas maximus) Cornelis Jacobs van Groenevelt, in Netherlands, 1655-11-09.
Taxidermy remains of this animal is within the Taxidermy collection at La Specola Museum of Zoology and Natural History, in Florence, Italy, since 1774-00-00. detailed list). Origin
Hansken was born wild
1630 at Sri Lanka unspecified location. and imported 1633, Ship from Ceylon Comments / pictures
Hansken was a female elephant that became famous in early 17th century Europe. For many years a certain Cornelis Jacobs van Groenevelt criss-crossed Europe with the celebrated elephant. She toured many countries, demonstrating circus tricks, and was sketched by Rembrandt and Stefano della Bella.
Hansken was born in what was then Ceylon and was brought to Holland in 1637. Her name is a Dutch diminutive form of the Malayalam word aana, meaning "elephant". Rembrandt saw her in Amsterdam in 1637, and made four sketches of her in chalk.
Hansken toured fairs in the Netherlands and Germany. She appeared in Hamburg in 1638, in Bremen and Copenhagen in 1640, in Rotterdam in 1641, in Frankfurt in 1646 and 1647, and in Luneburg in 1650. She was probably in Leipzig in 1649 and 1651.
In the 17th century, it was believed that elephants had very advanced intellectual abilities. Following Pliny, it was thought that the elephant was the nearest to man in intelligence, and that elephants could understand speech, follow orders, and had a sense of religion and conscience. Pliny even reports that an elephant had learned to write words in the Greek alphabet. Hansken did not live up to these expectations, but she could wave a flag, fire a pistol, strike a drum, hold out her front feet, pinch money from pockets, put on a hat, carry a bucket of water, and pick up coins from the ground.
In July 1651, Hansken travelled to Zurich, Solothurn, Bregenz and St. Gallen, and on to Rome. She visited Florence, where she was drawn by artist Stefano della Bella. He also drew her corpse after her death on 9 November 1655.
Ferdinand II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, bought the dead elephant from Van Groenevelt for his collection.
2013: it was scientifically determined that Hansken is the lectotype of the Asian elephant species, Elephas maximus. A lectotype is the earliest described specimen of a species that serves as the type specimen. Later researchers can always return to the described and preserved example. Carl Linnaeus classified the species into classes. He based his description of the elephant in 1758 on older descriptions, including that of John Ray. An international team of scientists has concluded that Ray's description relates to the skeleton that is now kept in the Specula in Florence, reaffirming that this is the same elephant known as Hansken- Hansken on elephant-news.comElephant News: articles where Hansken is mentioned on elephant-news.com
Reference listKoehl, Dan, (2021). Hansken, . Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 28 July 2021 at Asian elephant ( Elephas maximus) located at Cornelis Jacobs van Groenevelt in Netherlands https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=1816. ( archived at the Wayback machine) Sources used for this article is among others:
Internal relevant links Hansken mentioned on our sister website www.elephant-news.com External relevant links (Opens in new window) Search more on the web for Hansken (The name Hansken is already submitted into the link, just click on the link for relevant results) elephant-news.com Asianelephant.net Billboard Buckles Blog circushistory.org Elephant_Commentator
Elefanten-Fotolexikon.eu elefanten.wikia Google Internet search Google Books
Categories 1655 deaths | La Specola Museum of Zoology and Natural History Taxidermy | 1630 births | Born in Sri Lanka | 1633 imports | Elephants from Cornelis Jacobs van Groenevelt | Netherlands | Asian elephants
This document was updated: 2021-07-10 04:57:55