Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Tippoo Sultan at Purdy, Welch and Macomber Zoological Institute

 ☨ ♂ Tippoo Sultan  
Alternative name:Tippoo Saib



Species:Asian elephant (Elephas maximus)
Sex and age:Male ♂ 31 years old
Born:* 1806 wild
Birth place: in India unspecified location
Imported:1821 by Unknown
Freight:by the ship Bengal
Dead: 1837-1838
Death reason: unknown:
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Purdy, Welch and Macomber Zoological Institute, in United States

Date of arrival

1837-00-00Purdy, Welch and Macomber Zoological Institute
from The Zoological Institute

1835-00-00The Zoological Institute
from Hopkins and Co

1830-00-00Hopkins and Co
from Great American Menagerie

1821-00-00Great American Menagerie
from The Grand caravan (John Martin menagerie)

1821-00-00The Grand caravan (John Martin menagerie)
from Black Horse Inn

1821-06-00Black Horse Inn 1821-06-00
from Port of Philadelphia

1821-00-00Port of Philadelphia
from Port of Calcutta

Port of Calcutta
from India unspecified location

Record history
History of updates2012-04-11: 

Latest document update2021-09-15 14:34:59
Random literature

† Tippoo Sultan is a dead Male ♂ Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), , who died at Purdy, Welch and Macomber Zoological Institute, in United States, 1837-1838.

See also a more detailed list with the elephants arrival dates etc.


Tippoo Sultan was born wild 1806 at India unspecified location. and imported 1821 by Unknown, by the ship Bengal

Comments / pictures

Came with the ship Bengal from Calcutta and landed in Philadelphia in June, 1821.

Records about Tippoo Sultan from Bob Cline
TIPPOO SULTAN June 1821 arrives in America ( Born -1806 )
Male Asian only 6th elephant in US ( 3rd Male Asian )
1821 - Black Horse Inn in Philadelphia ( called Tippoo Saib )
1822 to 1826 - Great American Caravan of Living Animals
1823 - Parson's Circus
1824 - J. W. Banacker's Circus
1826 - Martin, Finch & Co.
1830 - Welch, Mann, & Delvan Circus
1832 - Grand Menagerie of Animals ( 26 years old )
1833 - Southwick Circus in Phil, PA.
1834 - June, Hopkins and Co.
1835 - Mammoth Elephant, Menagerie, and Circus
1836 - Mammoth Exhibition from the Zoological Institute
1837 - Purdy, Welch, & Macomber
1840 - enroute to Peru, Argentina, SA per letter from
Rufus Welsh to Charles Wright in Somers Historical Society

In December, 1821, the “Grand, Rich and Rare,” moved into Baltimore for the winter. Here they were joined by Tippoo Sultan, one of the three elephants then in the country. When they left the city in April Tippoo Sultan accompanied them and thus this menagerie became the first one to have an elephant travel with it. Some elephants had wintered with animal shows in the past, but never had one taken to the road.

Tippoo Sultan had arrived in Boston in June, 1821, and been exhibited by himself for the six months prior to this affiliation. The title in 1822 was sometimes “Great American Caravan of Living Animals,” and sometimes “Great American Menagerie,” but is best known over the years as “Grand Caravan with Tippoo Sultan.”

A History of the Traveling Menagerie by Stuart Thayer,

There is a reference to Tippoo dying in the Caribbean; (5) and if it is true, it must have happened in the winter of 1837-1838. There are no references to him in the United States after 1837.
Tippo Sultan: The Man and the Beast by Stuart Thayer

Reference listKoehl, Dan, (2021). Tippoo Sultan, Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) located at Purdy, Welch and Macomber Zoological Institute in United States. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 17 September 2021 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

Sources used for this article is among others:


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  • Categories1837 deaths | 1806 births | Born in India | 1821 imports | Elephants from Purdy, Welch and Macomber Zoological Institute | United States | Asian elephants

    This document was updated: 2021-09-15 14:34:59

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