Thandora
African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) at
Gondwana Big Five Game Reserve in South Africa

dead elephant ☨ ♀ Thandora  dead elephant


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Identification


Description

Species:African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana)
Sex and age:Female ♀
Origin
Born:* wild
Birth place:
Death
Dead: 2013-06-13
Death reason: disease: toxic shock
Offspring
Total: 1 babies

1. Born 2006-01-17 Ashanti
Locations - owners
Present / last location:Gondwana Big Five Game Reserve, in South Africa

Date of arrival

2013-03-09Gondwana Big Five Game Reserve
from Bloemfontein Zoo

Record history
History of updates2013-03-06:�will be transfered?
2013-03-18:�transfered
2013-06-14: dead, date not confirmed
2013-06-16: death reason

Latest document update2020-10-18 06:25:24
Random literature
Biography

† Thandora is a dead Female ♀ African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana), , who died 2013-06-13 at Gondwana Big Five Game Reserve, in South Africa, . Official death reason described as toxic shock.

Offspring


  1. (F) 2006-01-17 Ashanti

Origin


Thandora was born wild .


Comments / pictures

2013-03-06: After 23 years in captivity, an elephant at the Bloemfontein Zoo will soon be released back into the wild. Zoo officials decided to free 27-year-old Thandora after the death of her companion. She will soon be joining a Herd of elephants in the Gondwana Game Reserve in the Western Cape.

2013-06-13: Thandora was found dead.

The oligosaccharides present in the milk of an African elephant (Loxodonta africana africana), collected 4 days post partum, were separated by size exclusion-, anion exchange- and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) before characterisation by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Neutral and acidic oligosaccharides were identified. Neutral oligosaccharides characterised were isoglobotriose, Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc, Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc, Gal(α1�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc and a novel oligosaccharide that has not been reported in the milk or colostrum of any other mammal: Gal(α1�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc. Acidic oligosaccharides that are also found in the milk of Asian elephant were Neu5Ac(α2�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc, Neu5Ac(α2�6)Gal(β1�4)Glc, Neu5Ac(α2�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]Glc, Neu5Ac(α2�6)Gal(β1�4)GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc, Neu5Ac(α2�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc, Neu5Ac(α2�6)Gal(β1�4)GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc and Neu5Ac(α2�6)Gal(β1�4)GlcNAc(β1�3){Gal(α1�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�6)}Gal(β1�4)Glc, while Neu5Gc(α2�3)Gal(β1�4)Glc, Neu5Ac(α2�6)Gal(β1�4)GlcNAc(β1�3)Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]Glc, Neu5Ac(α2�6)Gal(β1�4)GlcNAc(β1�3)[Gal(β1�4)GlcNAc(β1�6)]Gal(β1�4)Glc and Neu5Ac(α2�6)Gal(β1�4)GlcNAc(β1�3){Gal(β1�4)[Fuc(α1�3)]GlcNAc(β1�6)}Gal(β1�4)Glc have not been found in Asian elephant milk. The oligosaccharides characterised contained both α(2�3)- and α(2�6)-linked Neu5Ac residues. They also contain only the type II chain, as found in most non-human, eutherian mammals.

Reference list

References

Koehl, Dan, (2021). Thandora, African savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana) located at Gondwana Big Five Game Reserve in South Africa. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 19 May 2022 at https://www.elephant.se/database2.php?elephant_id=3887. (archived at the Wayback machine)


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Categories2013 deaths | Breeding cows | Elephants from Gondwana Big Five Game Reserve | South Africa | African savanna elephants


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