Definition of Conservation

From the elephant glossary Section: ecology

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Nature conservation is the moral philosophy and conservation movement focused on protecting Species from extinction, maintaining and restoring habitats, enhancing ecosystem services, and protecting biological diversity. A range of values underlie conservation, which can be guided by biocentrism, anthropocentrism, ecocentrism, and sentientism, environmental ideologies that inform ecocultural practices and identities.

Conservation goals include conserving habitat, preventing deforestation, halting Species extinction, reducing overfishing, and mitigating climate change. Different philosophical outlooks Guide conservationists towards these different goals.

The population of Asian elephants living in the wild has reduced to at least 50 percent within the last three generations (Choudhury et al., 2015; IUCN, 2012).

The major conversion of forested lands into plantations and human-dominated areas including infrastructure developments such as constructionof roads, highways, railways, human settlements and others, have ledto the massive reduction and fragmentation of elephant habitats in recentdecades. The plantations are often planted with crops of rice, wheat, banana,sugarcane, and oil palm for extraction of palm oil and rubber which dominateforests conversion in Southeast Asia. In addition, the continuous reductionsand fragmentations of habitats and available food sources have drivenelephants to intrude into plantations; raid crops; damage properties; andinjured and killed people. The grouping of all high quality and elephants’favorite crops in a particular area rather than naturally scattered around asin the forests has also lead elephants to forage in the plantations instead ofthe forests. Furthermore, cultivation practices have also resulted in severehabitat loss and fragmentation as forest is being burned by the farmers toclear for cultivation. The loss and fragmentation of habitats also disruptsthe migratory routes of elephants; force the formation of pocket Herds orisolated populations, which may indirectly bring into inbreeding depression.Moreover, Poaching and accidents also threatens the elephant population.Thus, the results of this study indicate that habitat loss and fragmentation;HEC; poaching; and accident are the current main threats to Asian elephantsin elephant range states.

Ee Ling Lee, Threats to the Conservation of Asian Elephants: A review study

Reference list Koehl, Dan, (2024). Conservation. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 20 September 2021 at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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  • Ee Ling Lee, Threats to the Conservation of Asian Elephants: A review study

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Categories glossary | ecology

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