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born 2023-09-04 at
died 2023-09-08 at
Kuala Gandah Elephant Conservation Education Centre
relocated 2023-09-21 to
Sumatran Mahout Communication Forum (FOKMAS)
Definition of Sumatran Mahout Communication Forum (FOKMAS)
Communication Forum (FOKMAS) was founded in 2006 by Indonesian
to improve the communication and competence of
within the country.
In 2006, in the province of Bengkulu in western Sumatra, the first Sumatra
held at the Seblat Elephant
Workshop was organized by FOKMAS and held in December 2007 at the Saree ECC in Aceh, again with support from the government
agencies (national and provincial) and several NGOs. This time FOKMAS also invited other
and zoo elephant keepers from all over Indonesia. In addition, several veterinarians and managers from some of these non-governmental elephant facilities attended.
The 3rd FOKMAS
Workshop was held at the Way Kambas ECC in southern Sumatra in March 2009. The Way Kambas ECC is the first camp developed by the Indonesian government and currently houses over 60 elephants. During this Workshop, an IEF Director gave presentations about handling and initial training of captive-born elephant calves. This information was requested by FOKMAS as several of the Sumatra government forest camps had recent elephant births, and the
had little experience handling very young calves.
The 4th FOKMAS
Workshop was held in North Sumatra province in June 2010.
from different camps gave presentations about utilizing captive elephants for conservation
activities (i.e. for HEC management, forest patrols, ecotourism as an alternative income source,
education, etc.) to exchange experiences about these activities, and discuss the effectiveness of
the different techniques and strategies employed
workshop was held from November 26 – 28 at the Elephant
Center in Tangkahan, Sumatra and was attended by approximately 40
from around Indonesia
The 7th Indonesian
Workshop hosted by FOKMAS (Indonesian
Communication Forum) was held from February 24-27, 2015, at the
Minas government elephant training center
located in the province of Riau in Sumatra, Indonesia. Seventy participants attended the workshop and represented most of the Sumatran government elephant camps,
Response Units (CRUs), and other elephant patrol units in Sumatra, as well as several zoos and safari parks from Sumatra, Java, and Bali. The majority of participants were
, but some camp managers and veterinarians from private facilities also attended.
FOKMAS is a young organization that continues to develop. However, FOKMAS is the only professional
in Asia and has already demonstrated the value of sharing experiences and building the capacity of this level of staff. This communication not only improves knowledge and skill about captive elephant care and husbandry but also involves
very effectively in broader issues of elephant
and forest protection.
The Indonesian government now recognizes FOKMAS as a professional
that can address elephant
and management issues effectively and has been requesting input and expertise from FOKMAS regarding elephant management and
issues in Indonesia.
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Sumatran Mahout Communication Forum (FOKMAS) mentioned in The Elephant Database
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Koehl, Dan, (2023).
Sumatran Mahout Communication Forum (FOKMAS)
. Elephant Encyclopedia, available online retrieved 20 September 2021 at
Sources used for this article is among others:
** Asian Elephant Support (AES),
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