Smithsonian National Zoological Park in United States

Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Ambika, Kandula & Shanthi. National Zoo 06/2009. Photo: © Ryan Easley
Ambika, Kandula & Shanthi. National Zoo 06/2009. Photo: © Ryan Easley
First elephant arrived1891
Address3001 Connecticut Avenue, NW
PlaceWashington, DC
CountryUnited States
Relevant literature

The Smithsonian National Zoological Park, commonly known as the National Zoo, is a zoo located in Washington, D.C.

It is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA).

Founded in 1889, it consists of two distinct installations: a 163 acre (0.7 km²) zoo within the Rock Creek Park in Washington D.C., and a 3,200 acre (13 km²) Conservation and Research Center located in Front Royal, Virginia, at the edge of the Shenandoah National Park.

The zoo in Washington is free and open to the public and is dedicated in large part to education.

The conservation center in Virginia is closed to the public and is used primarily to breed and study endangered species. Altogether, the two facilities contain some 2,000 animals of 400 different species.


The $50 million Elephant Trails, set to open in 2011, will give eight pachyderms the majority of four acres.

Source and citings for the article Smithsonian National Zoological Park

Reference list

Smithsonian National Zoological Park, Elephant Encyclopedia, Koehl, D. (2010), (available online at (archived at the Wayback machine)

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Established 1995
Established 2006
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